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  • 'Einsatzgruppen', special divisions active behind the German lines in Eastern Europe, shoot more than a million Jews.
    picture The synagogue in Rostock burning on 10 November 1938 picture Passers by in front of Jewish owned shops in Berlin destroyed during Kristallnacht 10 November 1938 play movie Jewish refugees from Germany being cared for in Amsterdam by the Committee for Jewish Refugees picture The waiting room of the Jewish Relief Organisation in Berlin which helps those Jews wanting to leave Germany picture Between 1933 and 1938 Germany builds several concentration camps picture Visitors at the Degenerate Music exhibition during the Reich Music Festival in Düsseldorf picture Parade of the Wehrmacht picture Fritz Pfeffer and his fiancée Charlotte Kaletta flee from Berlin to Amsterdam in December 1938 picture English call up to boycott German products 1939 picture Anne Frank 9 years old May 1939 picture Fritz Pfeffer and Charlotte Kaletta on a boat trip to Harderwijk picture Hitler Youth banners around 1939 picture A birthday cake made for Adolf Hitler being handed out to children in Berlin Mitte 20 April 1939 picture Grandmother Holländer s passport In March 1939 she moves to Amsterdam to live with her daughter Edith Frank picture Winston Churchill makes an emphatic speech about recruitment to the armed forces in April 1939 in London picture Austrian Jewish refugees on board the President Harding in New York s harbor on the way to Philadelphia picture Jewish refugees on the ship St Louis in the Belgium port of Antwerp 17 June 1939 picture German Jews flee Nazism 1938 1939 slideshow On 1 September 1939 Germany invades Poland and occupies Danzig World War Two has begun picture On 1 September German troops attack and invade Poland picture German forces enter Warsaw in late September 1939 slideshow Jews being humiliated in Warsaw 1940 picture In April 1940 Germany attacks Denmark and Norway in Operation Weserübung 1940 1942 The German invasion May 1940 Germany invades The Netherlands Belgium and France Registration of the Jews is the first step taken in isolating them As a Jew Otto is no longer allowed to own a business so he appoints Jo Kleiman as director 1940 1942 The German invasion 1940 After May 1940 the good times were few and far between first there was the war then the capitulation and then the arrival of the Germans which is when the trouble started for the Jews Anne Frank picture Anne Frank 10 years old May 1940 slideshow Germany attacks the Netherlands Belgium and France picture German parachutists during the attack on the Netherlands May 1940 picture Two days after the invasion of the Netherlands German SS soldiers reach the Grebbeberg picture Burning street in Rotterdam 14 may 1940 picture German troops receive a warm welcome from Dutch Nazis as they enter Amsterdam 16 May 1940 picture The devastated centre of Rotterdam 23 May 1940 picture German Jews who have fled from Nazi Germany are arrested after the invasion of the Netherlands picture Adolf Hitler with his staff May or June 1940 picture Adolf Hitler in Paris June 23 1940 picture A couple in a sandcastle decorated with swastika pennants and banners around 1940 picture Margot left and Anne Frank on the beach at Zandvoort in the Netherlands August 1940 picture Anne Frank with a dog in Laren The Netherlands The caption says Anne with Isa s dog Dopy picture Anne Frank left and her friend Hanneli Goslar on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam picture Anne Frank with her teacher and two fellow pupils at the 6th Montessori School in Amsterdam picture St Paul s Cathedral during the Blitz Sunday 29 December 1940 play movie Jetteke Frijda talks about her father s fear of being arrested picture Warning about British bombers 1941 picture Victor Kugler with Bep Miep and Esther and Pien in the Opekta office picture Anne second from left ice skating with friends picture Anne Frank at the Sixth Montessori School Amsterdam slideshow Arresting Jews in Amsterdam 22 and 23 February 1941 picture Striking tram conductors and drivers in Amsterdam 25 February 1941 picture The Greek front picture The fair in Scheveningen May 1941 Nothing changes much for the Dutch during the first months of the German occupation picture Bernd Elias left Anne Frank s cousin ice dancing dressed as a clown in Switzerland picture Anne Frank 11 years old May 1941 picture Amsterdam civil servants produce a precise overview of Jewish dwellings in the city for the German occupiers slideshow Signs designating the Jewish Quarter in Amsterdam picture Banner stating V Victory because Germany wins for Europe on all fronts picture Winston Churchill makes his famous V for Victory sign picture A photograph of the Frank family taken on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam May 1941 movie Anne Frank filmed play picture Miep and Jan Gies wedding day picture Hanneli Goslar holding her baby sister Gabi Amsterdam 1941 picture The railway carriage in which Germany signed the ceasefire declaration with France in June 1940 is paraded in Berlin slideshow Signs appear in the Netherlands saying Forbidden for Jews or Jews Not Wanted picture Operation Barbarossa On 22 June 1941 the German Armed Forces attack the Soviet Union picture German troops marching through a burning Russian village 26 June 1941 picture Margot Frank left Ellen During second left and other friends picture Anne Frank with three friends Beekbergen summer 1941 picture Jewish men women and children in a camp in Stuttgart The Nazis deport them to Riga where most of them are killed slideshow Einsatzgruppen special divisions active behind the German lines in Eastern Europe shoot more than a million Jews picture Burning American warships after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Naval Base Hawaii 7 December 1941 1942 picture A call up for the German SS army In the Netherlands around 22 thousand volunteers joined picture A Japanese soldier looks on as the oil refinery at Palembang in the Dutch East Indies burns picture From 3 May 1942 it was compulsory for all Jews to wear a yellow badge on their clothes picture The surrender of the Dutch East Indies to the Japanese at Kalidjati military airport slideshow The deportation of Jewish inhabitants of Eisenach play movie Sol Kimel remembers wearing the Jewish Star play movie Jetteke Frijda remembers wearing the Jewish Star picture American prisoners of war during the Bataan Death March picture Anne Frank 12 years old May 1942 picture The first page of the diary which Anne Frank receives for her thirteenth birthday on 12 June 1942 1942 1944 The hiding place Margot s call up to report for work duty speeds up plans to go into hiding in Otto s business premises His employees are responsible for the family s and their friends well being in the secret annex Allied gains give those in hiding hope of liberation 1942 1944 The hiding place 1942 Not being able to go outside upsets me more than I can say and I m terrified our hiding place will be discovered and that we ll be shot Anne Frank picture Margot Frank receives a call up for work duty and the Franks go into hiding slideshow Otto Frank s business premises on the Prinsengracht in Amsterdam picture The hiding place picture The moveable bookcase which conceals the door to the secret annex slideshow Photographs of the interior of the secret annex picture Otto Frank one of the 8 people in hiding picture Edith Frank his wife picture Their daughter Anne Frank picture Her older sister Margot Frank picture Hermann van Pels Otto Frank s business partner picture His wife Auguste van Pels picture Their son Peter van Pels picture Fritz Pfeffer the dentist picture The people in hiding kill time during the day by eating sleeping studying and reading picture Nazi supporters paint the slogan Holland for Hitler on the wall of the Herengracht canal in Amsterdam picture July 1942 the first Jews to be deported to extermination camps in Poland wait in the courtyard of the Dutch Theater in Amsterdam picture Children from the Lodz Ghetto are deported to the Chelmno extermination camp slideshow The battle for Stalingrad 27 October 1942 picture American troops land in Algeria on 9 November 1942 during the Allied invasion of North Africa 1943 picture SS General Rauter gives a speech announcing that from 1 May 1943 all remaining Jews will be removed from the Netherlands picture Children wearing the Jewish Star in a playground in Amsterdam In the background the empty stalls of the Jewish market picture Captured German and Rumanian soldiers after their defeat near Stalingrad 31 January 1943 picture Members of the Zionist resistance group Chug Halutzi in the Berlin Grunewald 1943 picture The Civil Registration Office Amsterdam after an attempt by the resistance to destroy personal records 27 March 1943 picture Bombers flying low over the rooftops of Amsterdam on the way to their target picture A British bomber crashes into the Carlton Hotel in Amsterdam Anne writes about this in her diary The Carlton Hotel has been destroyed Two British planes loaded with firebombs landed right on top of the German Officers Club Anne Frank picture Notice for all citizens of South Amsterdam to hand in radios and other receivers by order of the SS and Police slideshow A raid in Amsterdam on 26 May 1943 3 000 Jews are deported via Westerbork transit camp to the extermination camps picture Jewish children waiting with their parents to be deported to the Westerbork transit camp 25 or 26 May 1943 picture Bells confiscated by the Nazis for the weapons industry are transported by water in Amsterdam picture The allies land in Sicily 10 July 1943 picture Makin Atoll Gilbert Islands During the War in the Pacific fighting goes from island to island play movie Joop van Wijk about how Bep Voskuijl was almost caught 1944 picture The food situation gets dramatically worse in 1944 Some of the meals in the Secret Annex are simply disgusting nothing s worse than being caught Anne Frank picture On 11 April the warehouse is broken into for the second time The people in hiding spend a fearful night picture US soldier ordering a Japanese sniper concealed inside a log to surrender Aitape Dutch East Indies April 1944 picture German officers on the platform at the Westerbork transit camp in May 1944 The train to Auschwitz is ready to depart slideshow An arrival of Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz Birkenau May or June 1944 is meticulously documented by SS photographers There is no doubt that this is probably the greatest and most horrible single crime ever committed in the whole history of the world Winston Churchill picture BBC newsreader John Snagge announces the news of the Allied invasion of France with the words D Day has come picture Otto Frank has hung a map of Normandy on the wall He marks with pins how far the allied forces have advanced picture British soldiers landing on the coast of Normandy during D Day on 6 June 1944 picture Young soldiers of the SS armoured division Hitler Youth in France 1943 1944 Many of them were killed picture After an attempted assassination attack Hitler shows Mussolini the destruction in his headquarters 20 July 1944 1944 1945 The Arrest Betrayal leads to the arrest of those in hiding and they are all deported to extermination camps Kleiman and Kugler are punished with imprisonment for their role as helpers while Miep and Bep remain behind and wait 1944 1945 The Arrest 1944 When the Gestapo came in with their guns that was the end of everything Otto Frank picture On 4 August 1944 the one thing the people in hiding have been afraid of for so long finally happens they re discovered and arrested picture Willy Lages head of the Security Services looking out of his office window at the Headquarters in Amsterdam picture The people in hiding and the two male helpers are arrested and taken for interrogation to a German run prison picture Prisoners being marched to Amersfoort work and concentration camp picture On 8 August 1944 the 8 occupants of the Secret Annex are taken by train from Amsterdam Central Station to the Westerbork transit camp picture A Dutch poster announcing the bombing of Berlin as if it is a football match between England and Germany picture Germany has to fight in the west the east and the south picture An air raid attack on Berlin by the Allied Forces August 1944 picture An American bombing raid on Auschwitz in August 1944 The attack is on the factories not the camp or the railway lines picture French civilians in Brittany throw flowers at American liberators in August 1944 picture American soldiers marching down the Champs Elysées after the liberation of Paris picture The people in hiding are deported to Auschwitz picture Aerial photo of Auschwitz 13 September 1944 picture People in Eindhoven celebrate their freedom on 20 September picture Gliders with paratroopers on their way to Arnhem during Operation Market Garden picture 1st Allied Airborne Army paratroopers landing near Arnhem during Operation Market Garden in September 1944 picture Hermann van Pels is incapable of doing the hard labour in Auschwitz He is gassed in September 1944 picture German prisoners of war in Walcheren Zeeland 31 October 1944 picture As the Russians approach Auschwitz large groups of prisoners are moved to other camps Among them are Auguste van Pels Fritz Pfeffer and Anne and Margot picture In October 1944 Fritz Pfeffer is moved to the Neuengamme concentration camp Pfeffer dies in the sick bay on 20 December 1945 picture The Hunger Winter 1944 1945 Wood is taken from the tram rail to burn as fuel picture Auschwitz prisoners in Kolin Czechoslovakia on 24 January 1945 after evacuation of the camp picture In January 1945 Peter van Pels is moved from Auschwitz to Mauthausen a journey of about 600 kilometers picture Edith Frank witnesses her children leave Auschwitz and becomes ill She dies of exhaustion in January 1945 picture During the final days of Auschwitz Birkenau the SS set fire to warehouses of plundered property and records offices picture U S Task Force liberates Venlo Holland picture Allied POW s at Stalag VIIIB in Germany take advantage of a summer thunderstorm to have a wash picture The city of Dresden is destroyed during four Allied bombing raids in February 1945 picture Margot Frank dies in concentration camp Bergen Belsen from typhus in February 1945 picture Warning signs for typhus near the liberated concentration camp of Bergen Belsen April 1945 picture Liberated prisoners in a hut at the Bergen Belsen concentration camp April 1945 picture Fighting in the streets of Arnhem 14 april 1945 picture Survivors in the Bergen Belsen concentration camp shortly after their liberation by the British army on 15 April 1945 picture Canadian Infantry troops moving through and liberating the east of the Netherlands in April 1945 picture A resistance attack on a German army vehicle seriously wounds Hanns Rauter Head of the SS and the Police in the Netherlands picture German refugees flee from advancing Soviet troops in the spring of 1945 picture The ruins of cafe Hauptwache in Frankfurt am Main April May 1945 picture German prisoners of war at the Brandenburg Gate April May 1945 picture Peter van Pels dies of exhaustion in concentration camp Mauthausen in Austria on 5 May 1945 picture Auguste van Pels dies somewhere in Germany or Czechoslovakia between April 9th and May 8th 1945 1945 1948 Otto returns Germany surrenders the war ends and Europe is free but in ruins Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picks up the threads of his life and mourns for his family He is not the only one gradually the scale of the mass murder of the Jews becomes clear 1945 1948 Otto returns 1945 They were good people We did not care if they were communists or not We were not concerned with politics we were concerned about our liberation Otto Frank picture Otto Frank sole survivor picture Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picture Hitler is dead play movie General Dwight D Eisenhower after the German capitulation in Reims picture Dutch children celebrating the liberation of Velp Netherlands with an English soldier 16 April 1945 picture Newspaper headlines announce Victory in Europe VE Day after the defeat of Nazi Germany picture Canadian troops during liberation celebrations in the Netherlands picture Girl paying the penalty for having had a relationship with a German soldier picture Jewish children on their way to Palestine after having been released from the Buchenwald Concentration Camp picture Survivors returning at Amsterdam Central Station picture Ernestine van Witsen Weinberg returns from Bergen Belsen Amsterdam Central Station slideshow Abandoned Jewish homes picture Otto Frank with the helpers who also survived the war We looked at each other There were no words He was thin but he d always been thin He carried a little bundle My eyes swam My heart melted Suddenly I was afraid to know more I didn t want to know what had happened I knew I would not ask Miep Gies picture Otto Frank places an advertisement in the newspaper trying to trace his daughters picture Lessons in a Baby Camp an American re education camp picture After its capitulation Germany is occupied by four of its former enemies picture Top Nazis in the dock during the first Nuremberg Trial slideshow Citizens of Burgsteinfurt watching a film about concentration camps Bergen Belsen and Buchenwald picture Kamikaze pilot attacks a US battleship picture The mushroom cloud above Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy the world s first atomic bomb picture The Fat Man mushroom cloud resulting from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki on 9 August 1945 I realize the tragic significance of the atomic bomb It is an awful responsibility We thank God that it has come to us instead of to our enemies and we pray that He may guide us to use it in His ways and for His purposes US President Harry S Truman picture The Japanese capitulate to the USA on the USS Missouri slideshow The First

    Original URL path: http://www.annefrankhuis.nl/en/Subsites/Timeline/World-War-Two-1939-1945/The-German-invasion/1941/Einsatzgruppen-special-divisions-active-behind-the-German-lines-in-Eastern-Europe-shoot-more-than-a-million-Jews/ (2015-08-09)
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  • 1941 - Attack on Pearl Harbor
    Germany in Amsterdam October 1938 slideshow Jews in Baden Baden are humiliated by the SS and civilians Their synagogue is burned picture The burning synagogue in Bielefeld during Kristallnacht picture The synagogue in Rostock burning on 10 November 1938 picture Passers by in front of Jewish owned shops in Berlin destroyed during Kristallnacht 10 November 1938 play movie Jewish refugees from Germany being cared for in Amsterdam by the Committee for Jewish Refugees picture The waiting room of the Jewish Relief Organisation in Berlin which helps those Jews wanting to leave Germany picture Between 1933 and 1938 Germany builds several concentration camps picture Visitors at the Degenerate Music exhibition during the Reich Music Festival in Düsseldorf picture Parade of the Wehrmacht picture Fritz Pfeffer and his fiancée Charlotte Kaletta flee from Berlin to Amsterdam in December 1938 picture English call up to boycott German products 1939 picture Anne Frank 9 years old May 1939 picture Fritz Pfeffer and Charlotte Kaletta on a boat trip to Harderwijk picture Hitler Youth banners around 1939 picture A birthday cake made for Adolf Hitler being handed out to children in Berlin Mitte 20 April 1939 picture Grandmother Holländer s passport In March 1939 she moves to Amsterdam to live with her daughter Edith Frank picture Winston Churchill makes an emphatic speech about recruitment to the armed forces in April 1939 in London picture Austrian Jewish refugees on board the President Harding in New York s harbor on the way to Philadelphia picture Jewish refugees on the ship St Louis in the Belgium port of Antwerp 17 June 1939 picture German Jews flee Nazism 1938 1939 slideshow On 1 September 1939 Germany invades Poland and occupies Danzig World War Two has begun picture On 1 September German troops attack and invade Poland picture German forces enter Warsaw in late September 1939 slideshow Jews being humiliated in Warsaw 1940 picture In April 1940 Germany attacks Denmark and Norway in Operation Weserübung 1940 1942 The German invasion May 1940 Germany invades The Netherlands Belgium and France Registration of the Jews is the first step taken in isolating them As a Jew Otto is no longer allowed to own a business so he appoints Jo Kleiman as director 1940 1942 The German invasion 1940 After May 1940 the good times were few and far between first there was the war then the capitulation and then the arrival of the Germans which is when the trouble started for the Jews Anne Frank picture Anne Frank 10 years old May 1940 slideshow Germany attacks the Netherlands Belgium and France picture German parachutists during the attack on the Netherlands May 1940 picture Two days after the invasion of the Netherlands German SS soldiers reach the Grebbeberg picture Burning street in Rotterdam 14 may 1940 picture German troops receive a warm welcome from Dutch Nazis as they enter Amsterdam 16 May 1940 picture The devastated centre of Rotterdam 23 May 1940 picture German Jews who have fled from Nazi Germany are arrested after the invasion of the Netherlands picture Adolf Hitler with his staff May or June 1940 picture Adolf Hitler in Paris June 23 1940 picture A couple in a sandcastle decorated with swastika pennants and banners around 1940 picture Margot left and Anne Frank on the beach at Zandvoort in the Netherlands August 1940 picture Anne Frank with a dog in Laren The Netherlands The caption says Anne with Isa s dog Dopy picture Anne Frank left and her friend Hanneli Goslar on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam picture Anne Frank with her teacher and two fellow pupils at the 6th Montessori School in Amsterdam picture St Paul s Cathedral during the Blitz Sunday 29 December 1940 play movie Jetteke Frijda talks about her father s fear of being arrested picture Warning about British bombers 1941 picture Victor Kugler with Bep Miep and Esther and Pien in the Opekta office picture Anne second from left ice skating with friends picture Anne Frank at the Sixth Montessori School Amsterdam slideshow Arresting Jews in Amsterdam 22 and 23 February 1941 picture Striking tram conductors and drivers in Amsterdam 25 February 1941 picture The Greek front picture The fair in Scheveningen May 1941 Nothing changes much for the Dutch during the first months of the German occupation picture Bernd Elias left Anne Frank s cousin ice dancing dressed as a clown in Switzerland picture Anne Frank 11 years old May 1941 picture Amsterdam civil servants produce a precise overview of Jewish dwellings in the city for the German occupiers slideshow Signs designating the Jewish Quarter in Amsterdam picture Banner stating V Victory because Germany wins for Europe on all fronts picture Winston Churchill makes his famous V for Victory sign picture A photograph of the Frank family taken on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam May 1941 movie Anne Frank filmed play picture Miep and Jan Gies wedding day picture Hanneli Goslar holding her baby sister Gabi Amsterdam 1941 picture The railway carriage in which Germany signed the ceasefire declaration with France in June 1940 is paraded in Berlin slideshow Signs appear in the Netherlands saying Forbidden for Jews or Jews Not Wanted picture Operation Barbarossa On 22 June 1941 the German Armed Forces attack the Soviet Union picture German troops marching through a burning Russian village 26 June 1941 picture Margot Frank left Ellen During second left and other friends picture Anne Frank with three friends Beekbergen summer 1941 picture Jewish men women and children in a camp in Stuttgart The Nazis deport them to Riga where most of them are killed slideshow Einsatzgruppen special divisions active behind the German lines in Eastern Europe shoot more than a million Jews picture Burning American warships after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Naval Base Hawaii 7 December 1941 1942 picture A call up for the German SS army In the Netherlands around 22 thousand volunteers joined picture A Japanese soldier looks on as the oil refinery at Palembang in the Dutch East Indies burns picture From 3 May 1942 it was compulsory for all Jews to wear a yellow badge on their clothes picture The surrender of the Dutch East Indies to the Japanese at Kalidjati military airport slideshow The deportation of Jewish inhabitants of Eisenach play movie Sol Kimel remembers wearing the Jewish Star play movie Jetteke Frijda remembers wearing the Jewish Star picture American prisoners of war during the Bataan Death March picture Anne Frank 12 years old May 1942 picture The first page of the diary which Anne Frank receives for her thirteenth birthday on 12 June 1942 1942 1944 The hiding place Margot s call up to report for work duty speeds up plans to go into hiding in Otto s business premises His employees are responsible for the family s and their friends well being in the secret annex Allied gains give those in hiding hope of liberation 1942 1944 The hiding place 1942 Not being able to go outside upsets me more than I can say and I m terrified our hiding place will be discovered and that we ll be shot Anne Frank picture Margot Frank receives a call up for work duty and the Franks go into hiding slideshow Otto Frank s business premises on the Prinsengracht in Amsterdam picture The hiding place picture The moveable bookcase which conceals the door to the secret annex slideshow Photographs of the interior of the secret annex picture Otto Frank one of the 8 people in hiding picture Edith Frank his wife picture Their daughter Anne Frank picture Her older sister Margot Frank picture Hermann van Pels Otto Frank s business partner picture His wife Auguste van Pels picture Their son Peter van Pels picture Fritz Pfeffer the dentist picture The people in hiding kill time during the day by eating sleeping studying and reading picture Nazi supporters paint the slogan Holland for Hitler on the wall of the Herengracht canal in Amsterdam picture July 1942 the first Jews to be deported to extermination camps in Poland wait in the courtyard of the Dutch Theater in Amsterdam picture Children from the Lodz Ghetto are deported to the Chelmno extermination camp slideshow The battle for Stalingrad 27 October 1942 picture American troops land in Algeria on 9 November 1942 during the Allied invasion of North Africa 1943 picture SS General Rauter gives a speech announcing that from 1 May 1943 all remaining Jews will be removed from the Netherlands picture Children wearing the Jewish Star in a playground in Amsterdam In the background the empty stalls of the Jewish market picture Captured German and Rumanian soldiers after their defeat near Stalingrad 31 January 1943 picture Members of the Zionist resistance group Chug Halutzi in the Berlin Grunewald 1943 picture The Civil Registration Office Amsterdam after an attempt by the resistance to destroy personal records 27 March 1943 picture Bombers flying low over the rooftops of Amsterdam on the way to their target picture A British bomber crashes into the Carlton Hotel in Amsterdam Anne writes about this in her diary The Carlton Hotel has been destroyed Two British planes loaded with firebombs landed right on top of the German Officers Club Anne Frank picture Notice for all citizens of South Amsterdam to hand in radios and other receivers by order of the SS and Police slideshow A raid in Amsterdam on 26 May 1943 3 000 Jews are deported via Westerbork transit camp to the extermination camps picture Jewish children waiting with their parents to be deported to the Westerbork transit camp 25 or 26 May 1943 picture Bells confiscated by the Nazis for the weapons industry are transported by water in Amsterdam picture The allies land in Sicily 10 July 1943 picture Makin Atoll Gilbert Islands During the War in the Pacific fighting goes from island to island play movie Joop van Wijk about how Bep Voskuijl was almost caught 1944 picture The food situation gets dramatically worse in 1944 Some of the meals in the Secret Annex are simply disgusting nothing s worse than being caught Anne Frank picture On 11 April the warehouse is broken into for the second time The people in hiding spend a fearful night picture US soldier ordering a Japanese sniper concealed inside a log to surrender Aitape Dutch East Indies April 1944 picture German officers on the platform at the Westerbork transit camp in May 1944 The train to Auschwitz is ready to depart slideshow An arrival of Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz Birkenau May or June 1944 is meticulously documented by SS photographers There is no doubt that this is probably the greatest and most horrible single crime ever committed in the whole history of the world Winston Churchill picture BBC newsreader John Snagge announces the news of the Allied invasion of France with the words D Day has come picture Otto Frank has hung a map of Normandy on the wall He marks with pins how far the allied forces have advanced picture British soldiers landing on the coast of Normandy during D Day on 6 June 1944 picture Young soldiers of the SS armoured division Hitler Youth in France 1943 1944 Many of them were killed picture After an attempted assassination attack Hitler shows Mussolini the destruction in his headquarters 20 July 1944 1944 1945 The Arrest Betrayal leads to the arrest of those in hiding and they are all deported to extermination camps Kleiman and Kugler are punished with imprisonment for their role as helpers while Miep and Bep remain behind and wait 1944 1945 The Arrest 1944 When the Gestapo came in with their guns that was the end of everything Otto Frank picture On 4 August 1944 the one thing the people in hiding have been afraid of for so long finally happens they re discovered and arrested picture Willy Lages head of the Security Services looking out of his office window at the Headquarters in Amsterdam picture The people in hiding and the two male helpers are arrested and taken for interrogation to a German run prison picture Prisoners being marched to Amersfoort work and concentration camp picture On 8 August 1944 the 8 occupants of the Secret Annex are taken by train from Amsterdam Central Station to the Westerbork transit camp picture A Dutch poster announcing the bombing of Berlin as if it is a football match between England and Germany picture Germany has to fight in the west the east and the south picture An air raid attack on Berlin by the Allied Forces August 1944 picture An American bombing raid on Auschwitz in August 1944 The attack is on the factories not the camp or the railway lines picture French civilians in Brittany throw flowers at American liberators in August 1944 picture American soldiers marching down the Champs Elysées after the liberation of Paris picture The people in hiding are deported to Auschwitz picture Aerial photo of Auschwitz 13 September 1944 picture People in Eindhoven celebrate their freedom on 20 September picture Gliders with paratroopers on their way to Arnhem during Operation Market Garden picture 1st Allied Airborne Army paratroopers landing near Arnhem during Operation Market Garden in September 1944 picture Hermann van Pels is incapable of doing the hard labour in Auschwitz He is gassed in September 1944 picture German prisoners of war in Walcheren Zeeland 31 October 1944 picture As the Russians approach Auschwitz large groups of prisoners are moved to other camps Among them are Auguste van Pels Fritz Pfeffer and Anne and Margot picture In October 1944 Fritz Pfeffer is moved to the Neuengamme concentration camp Pfeffer dies in the sick bay on 20 December 1945 picture The Hunger Winter 1944 1945 Wood is taken from the tram rail to burn as fuel picture Auschwitz prisoners in Kolin Czechoslovakia on 24 January 1945 after evacuation of the camp picture In January 1945 Peter van Pels is moved from Auschwitz to Mauthausen a journey of about 600 kilometers picture Edith Frank witnesses her children leave Auschwitz and becomes ill She dies of exhaustion in January 1945 picture During the final days of Auschwitz Birkenau the SS set fire to warehouses of plundered property and records offices picture U S Task Force liberates Venlo Holland picture Allied POW s at Stalag VIIIB in Germany take advantage of a summer thunderstorm to have a wash picture The city of Dresden is destroyed during four Allied bombing raids in February 1945 picture Margot Frank dies in concentration camp Bergen Belsen from typhus in February 1945 picture Warning signs for typhus near the liberated concentration camp of Bergen Belsen April 1945 picture Liberated prisoners in a hut at the Bergen Belsen concentration camp April 1945 picture Fighting in the streets of Arnhem 14 april 1945 picture Survivors in the Bergen Belsen concentration camp shortly after their liberation by the British army on 15 April 1945 picture Canadian Infantry troops moving through and liberating the east of the Netherlands in April 1945 picture A resistance attack on a German army vehicle seriously wounds Hanns Rauter Head of the SS and the Police in the Netherlands picture German refugees flee from advancing Soviet troops in the spring of 1945 picture The ruins of cafe Hauptwache in Frankfurt am Main April May 1945 picture German prisoners of war at the Brandenburg Gate April May 1945 picture Peter van Pels dies of exhaustion in concentration camp Mauthausen in Austria on 5 May 1945 picture Auguste van Pels dies somewhere in Germany or Czechoslovakia between April 9th and May 8th 1945 1945 1948 Otto returns Germany surrenders the war ends and Europe is free but in ruins Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picks up the threads of his life and mourns for his family He is not the only one gradually the scale of the mass murder of the Jews becomes clear 1945 1948 Otto returns 1945 They were good people We did not care if they were communists or not We were not concerned with politics we were concerned about our liberation Otto Frank picture Otto Frank sole survivor picture Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picture Hitler is dead play movie General Dwight D Eisenhower after the German capitulation in Reims picture Dutch children celebrating the liberation of Velp Netherlands with an English soldier 16 April 1945 picture Newspaper headlines announce Victory in Europe VE Day after the defeat of Nazi Germany picture Canadian troops during liberation celebrations in the Netherlands picture Girl paying the penalty for having had a relationship with a German soldier picture Jewish children on their way to Palestine after having been released from the Buchenwald Concentration Camp picture Survivors returning at Amsterdam Central Station picture Ernestine van Witsen Weinberg returns from Bergen Belsen Amsterdam Central Station slideshow Abandoned Jewish homes picture Otto Frank with the helpers who also survived the war We looked at each other There were no words He was thin but he d always been thin He carried a little bundle My eyes swam My heart melted Suddenly I was afraid to know more I didn t want to know what had happened I knew I would not ask Miep Gies picture Otto Frank places an advertisement in the newspaper trying to trace his daughters picture Lessons in a Baby Camp an American re education camp picture After its capitulation Germany is occupied by four of its former enemies picture Top Nazis in the dock during the first Nuremberg Trial slideshow Citizens of Burgsteinfurt watching a film about concentration camps Bergen Belsen and Buchenwald picture Kamikaze pilot attacks a US battleship picture The mushroom cloud above Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy the world s first atomic bomb picture The Fat Man mushroom cloud resulting from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki on 9 August 1945 I realize the tragic significance of the atomic bomb It is an awful responsibility We thank God that it has come to us instead of to our enemies and we pray that He may guide us

    Original URL path: http://www.annefrankhuis.nl/en/Subsites/Timeline/World-War-Two-1939-1945/The-German-invasion/1941/Burning-American-warships-after-the-Japanese-attack-on-Pearl-Harbor-Naval-Base-Hawaii--7-December-1941/ (2015-08-09)
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  • A call-up for the German SS army. In the Netherlands, around 22 thousand volunteers joined.
    November 1938 play movie Jewish refugees from Germany being cared for in Amsterdam by the Committee for Jewish Refugees picture The waiting room of the Jewish Relief Organisation in Berlin which helps those Jews wanting to leave Germany picture Between 1933 and 1938 Germany builds several concentration camps picture Visitors at the Degenerate Music exhibition during the Reich Music Festival in Düsseldorf picture Parade of the Wehrmacht picture Fritz Pfeffer and his fiancée Charlotte Kaletta flee from Berlin to Amsterdam in December 1938 picture English call up to boycott German products 1939 picture Anne Frank 9 years old May 1939 picture Fritz Pfeffer and Charlotte Kaletta on a boat trip to Harderwijk picture Hitler Youth banners around 1939 picture A birthday cake made for Adolf Hitler being handed out to children in Berlin Mitte 20 April 1939 picture Grandmother Holländer s passport In March 1939 she moves to Amsterdam to live with her daughter Edith Frank picture Winston Churchill makes an emphatic speech about recruitment to the armed forces in April 1939 in London picture Austrian Jewish refugees on board the President Harding in New York s harbor on the way to Philadelphia picture Jewish refugees on the ship St Louis in the Belgium port of Antwerp 17 June 1939 picture German Jews flee Nazism 1938 1939 slideshow On 1 September 1939 Germany invades Poland and occupies Danzig World War Two has begun picture On 1 September German troops attack and invade Poland picture German forces enter Warsaw in late September 1939 slideshow Jews being humiliated in Warsaw 1940 picture In April 1940 Germany attacks Denmark and Norway in Operation Weserübung 1940 1942 The German invasion May 1940 Germany invades The Netherlands Belgium and France Registration of the Jews is the first step taken in isolating them As a Jew Otto is no longer allowed to own a business so he appoints Jo Kleiman as director 1940 1942 The German invasion 1940 After May 1940 the good times were few and far between first there was the war then the capitulation and then the arrival of the Germans which is when the trouble started for the Jews Anne Frank picture Anne Frank 10 years old May 1940 slideshow Germany attacks the Netherlands Belgium and France picture German parachutists during the attack on the Netherlands May 1940 picture Two days after the invasion of the Netherlands German SS soldiers reach the Grebbeberg picture Burning street in Rotterdam 14 may 1940 picture German troops receive a warm welcome from Dutch Nazis as they enter Amsterdam 16 May 1940 picture The devastated centre of Rotterdam 23 May 1940 picture German Jews who have fled from Nazi Germany are arrested after the invasion of the Netherlands picture Adolf Hitler with his staff May or June 1940 picture Adolf Hitler in Paris June 23 1940 picture A couple in a sandcastle decorated with swastika pennants and banners around 1940 picture Margot left and Anne Frank on the beach at Zandvoort in the Netherlands August 1940 picture Anne Frank with a dog in Laren The Netherlands The caption says Anne with Isa s dog Dopy picture Anne Frank left and her friend Hanneli Goslar on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam picture Anne Frank with her teacher and two fellow pupils at the 6th Montessori School in Amsterdam picture St Paul s Cathedral during the Blitz Sunday 29 December 1940 play movie Jetteke Frijda talks about her father s fear of being arrested picture Warning about British bombers 1941 picture Victor Kugler with Bep Miep and Esther and Pien in the Opekta office picture Anne second from left ice skating with friends picture Anne Frank at the Sixth Montessori School Amsterdam slideshow Arresting Jews in Amsterdam 22 and 23 February 1941 picture Striking tram conductors and drivers in Amsterdam 25 February 1941 picture The Greek front picture The fair in Scheveningen May 1941 Nothing changes much for the Dutch during the first months of the German occupation picture Bernd Elias left Anne Frank s cousin ice dancing dressed as a clown in Switzerland picture Anne Frank 11 years old May 1941 picture Amsterdam civil servants produce a precise overview of Jewish dwellings in the city for the German occupiers slideshow Signs designating the Jewish Quarter in Amsterdam picture Banner stating V Victory because Germany wins for Europe on all fronts picture Winston Churchill makes his famous V for Victory sign picture A photograph of the Frank family taken on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam May 1941 movie Anne Frank filmed play picture Miep and Jan Gies wedding day picture Hanneli Goslar holding her baby sister Gabi Amsterdam 1941 picture The railway carriage in which Germany signed the ceasefire declaration with France in June 1940 is paraded in Berlin slideshow Signs appear in the Netherlands saying Forbidden for Jews or Jews Not Wanted picture Operation Barbarossa On 22 June 1941 the German Armed Forces attack the Soviet Union picture German troops marching through a burning Russian village 26 June 1941 picture Margot Frank left Ellen During second left and other friends picture Anne Frank with three friends Beekbergen summer 1941 picture Jewish men women and children in a camp in Stuttgart The Nazis deport them to Riga where most of them are killed slideshow Einsatzgruppen special divisions active behind the German lines in Eastern Europe shoot more than a million Jews picture Burning American warships after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Naval Base Hawaii 7 December 1941 1942 picture A call up for the German SS army In the Netherlands around 22 thousand volunteers joined picture A Japanese soldier looks on as the oil refinery at Palembang in the Dutch East Indies burns picture From 3 May 1942 it was compulsory for all Jews to wear a yellow badge on their clothes picture The surrender of the Dutch East Indies to the Japanese at Kalidjati military airport slideshow The deportation of Jewish inhabitants of Eisenach play movie Sol Kimel remembers wearing the Jewish Star play movie Jetteke Frijda remembers wearing the Jewish Star picture American prisoners of war during the Bataan Death March picture Anne Frank 12 years old May 1942 picture The first page of the diary which Anne Frank receives for her thirteenth birthday on 12 June 1942 1942 1944 The hiding place Margot s call up to report for work duty speeds up plans to go into hiding in Otto s business premises His employees are responsible for the family s and their friends well being in the secret annex Allied gains give those in hiding hope of liberation 1942 1944 The hiding place 1942 Not being able to go outside upsets me more than I can say and I m terrified our hiding place will be discovered and that we ll be shot Anne Frank picture Margot Frank receives a call up for work duty and the Franks go into hiding slideshow Otto Frank s business premises on the Prinsengracht in Amsterdam picture The hiding place picture The moveable bookcase which conceals the door to the secret annex slideshow Photographs of the interior of the secret annex picture Otto Frank one of the 8 people in hiding picture Edith Frank his wife picture Their daughter Anne Frank picture Her older sister Margot Frank picture Hermann van Pels Otto Frank s business partner picture His wife Auguste van Pels picture Their son Peter van Pels picture Fritz Pfeffer the dentist picture The people in hiding kill time during the day by eating sleeping studying and reading picture Nazi supporters paint the slogan Holland for Hitler on the wall of the Herengracht canal in Amsterdam picture July 1942 the first Jews to be deported to extermination camps in Poland wait in the courtyard of the Dutch Theater in Amsterdam picture Children from the Lodz Ghetto are deported to the Chelmno extermination camp slideshow The battle for Stalingrad 27 October 1942 picture American troops land in Algeria on 9 November 1942 during the Allied invasion of North Africa 1943 picture SS General Rauter gives a speech announcing that from 1 May 1943 all remaining Jews will be removed from the Netherlands picture Children wearing the Jewish Star in a playground in Amsterdam In the background the empty stalls of the Jewish market picture Captured German and Rumanian soldiers after their defeat near Stalingrad 31 January 1943 picture Members of the Zionist resistance group Chug Halutzi in the Berlin Grunewald 1943 picture The Civil Registration Office Amsterdam after an attempt by the resistance to destroy personal records 27 March 1943 picture Bombers flying low over the rooftops of Amsterdam on the way to their target picture A British bomber crashes into the Carlton Hotel in Amsterdam Anne writes about this in her diary The Carlton Hotel has been destroyed Two British planes loaded with firebombs landed right on top of the German Officers Club Anne Frank picture Notice for all citizens of South Amsterdam to hand in radios and other receivers by order of the SS and Police slideshow A raid in Amsterdam on 26 May 1943 3 000 Jews are deported via Westerbork transit camp to the extermination camps picture Jewish children waiting with their parents to be deported to the Westerbork transit camp 25 or 26 May 1943 picture Bells confiscated by the Nazis for the weapons industry are transported by water in Amsterdam picture The allies land in Sicily 10 July 1943 picture Makin Atoll Gilbert Islands During the War in the Pacific fighting goes from island to island play movie Joop van Wijk about how Bep Voskuijl was almost caught 1944 picture The food situation gets dramatically worse in 1944 Some of the meals in the Secret Annex are simply disgusting nothing s worse than being caught Anne Frank picture On 11 April the warehouse is broken into for the second time The people in hiding spend a fearful night picture US soldier ordering a Japanese sniper concealed inside a log to surrender Aitape Dutch East Indies April 1944 picture German officers on the platform at the Westerbork transit camp in May 1944 The train to Auschwitz is ready to depart slideshow An arrival of Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz Birkenau May or June 1944 is meticulously documented by SS photographers There is no doubt that this is probably the greatest and most horrible single crime ever committed in the whole history of the world Winston Churchill picture BBC newsreader John Snagge announces the news of the Allied invasion of France with the words D Day has come picture Otto Frank has hung a map of Normandy on the wall He marks with pins how far the allied forces have advanced picture British soldiers landing on the coast of Normandy during D Day on 6 June 1944 picture Young soldiers of the SS armoured division Hitler Youth in France 1943 1944 Many of them were killed picture After an attempted assassination attack Hitler shows Mussolini the destruction in his headquarters 20 July 1944 1944 1945 The Arrest Betrayal leads to the arrest of those in hiding and they are all deported to extermination camps Kleiman and Kugler are punished with imprisonment for their role as helpers while Miep and Bep remain behind and wait 1944 1945 The Arrest 1944 When the Gestapo came in with their guns that was the end of everything Otto Frank picture On 4 August 1944 the one thing the people in hiding have been afraid of for so long finally happens they re discovered and arrested picture Willy Lages head of the Security Services looking out of his office window at the Headquarters in Amsterdam picture The people in hiding and the two male helpers are arrested and taken for interrogation to a German run prison picture Prisoners being marched to Amersfoort work and concentration camp picture On 8 August 1944 the 8 occupants of the Secret Annex are taken by train from Amsterdam Central Station to the Westerbork transit camp picture A Dutch poster announcing the bombing of Berlin as if it is a football match between England and Germany picture Germany has to fight in the west the east and the south picture An air raid attack on Berlin by the Allied Forces August 1944 picture An American bombing raid on Auschwitz in August 1944 The attack is on the factories not the camp or the railway lines picture French civilians in Brittany throw flowers at American liberators in August 1944 picture American soldiers marching down the Champs Elysées after the liberation of Paris picture The people in hiding are deported to Auschwitz picture Aerial photo of Auschwitz 13 September 1944 picture People in Eindhoven celebrate their freedom on 20 September picture Gliders with paratroopers on their way to Arnhem during Operation Market Garden picture 1st Allied Airborne Army paratroopers landing near Arnhem during Operation Market Garden in September 1944 picture Hermann van Pels is incapable of doing the hard labour in Auschwitz He is gassed in September 1944 picture German prisoners of war in Walcheren Zeeland 31 October 1944 picture As the Russians approach Auschwitz large groups of prisoners are moved to other camps Among them are Auguste van Pels Fritz Pfeffer and Anne and Margot picture In October 1944 Fritz Pfeffer is moved to the Neuengamme concentration camp Pfeffer dies in the sick bay on 20 December 1945 picture The Hunger Winter 1944 1945 Wood is taken from the tram rail to burn as fuel picture Auschwitz prisoners in Kolin Czechoslovakia on 24 January 1945 after evacuation of the camp picture In January 1945 Peter van Pels is moved from Auschwitz to Mauthausen a journey of about 600 kilometers picture Edith Frank witnesses her children leave Auschwitz and becomes ill She dies of exhaustion in January 1945 picture During the final days of Auschwitz Birkenau the SS set fire to warehouses of plundered property and records offices picture U S Task Force liberates Venlo Holland picture Allied POW s at Stalag VIIIB in Germany take advantage of a summer thunderstorm to have a wash picture The city of Dresden is destroyed during four Allied bombing raids in February 1945 picture Margot Frank dies in concentration camp Bergen Belsen from typhus in February 1945 picture Warning signs for typhus near the liberated concentration camp of Bergen Belsen April 1945 picture Liberated prisoners in a hut at the Bergen Belsen concentration camp April 1945 picture Fighting in the streets of Arnhem 14 april 1945 picture Survivors in the Bergen Belsen concentration camp shortly after their liberation by the British army on 15 April 1945 picture Canadian Infantry troops moving through and liberating the east of the Netherlands in April 1945 picture A resistance attack on a German army vehicle seriously wounds Hanns Rauter Head of the SS and the Police in the Netherlands picture German refugees flee from advancing Soviet troops in the spring of 1945 picture The ruins of cafe Hauptwache in Frankfurt am Main April May 1945 picture German prisoners of war at the Brandenburg Gate April May 1945 picture Peter van Pels dies of exhaustion in concentration camp Mauthausen in Austria on 5 May 1945 picture Auguste van Pels dies somewhere in Germany or Czechoslovakia between April 9th and May 8th 1945 1945 1948 Otto returns Germany surrenders the war ends and Europe is free but in ruins Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picks up the threads of his life and mourns for his family He is not the only one gradually the scale of the mass murder of the Jews becomes clear 1945 1948 Otto returns 1945 They were good people We did not care if they were communists or not We were not concerned with politics we were concerned about our liberation Otto Frank picture Otto Frank sole survivor picture Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picture Hitler is dead play movie General Dwight D Eisenhower after the German capitulation in Reims picture Dutch children celebrating the liberation of Velp Netherlands with an English soldier 16 April 1945 picture Newspaper headlines announce Victory in Europe VE Day after the defeat of Nazi Germany picture Canadian troops during liberation celebrations in the Netherlands picture Girl paying the penalty for having had a relationship with a German soldier picture Jewish children on their way to Palestine after having been released from the Buchenwald Concentration Camp picture Survivors returning at Amsterdam Central Station picture Ernestine van Witsen Weinberg returns from Bergen Belsen Amsterdam Central Station slideshow Abandoned Jewish homes picture Otto Frank with the helpers who also survived the war We looked at each other There were no words He was thin but he d always been thin He carried a little bundle My eyes swam My heart melted Suddenly I was afraid to know more I didn t want to know what had happened I knew I would not ask Miep Gies picture Otto Frank places an advertisement in the newspaper trying to trace his daughters picture Lessons in a Baby Camp an American re education camp picture After its capitulation Germany is occupied by four of its former enemies picture Top Nazis in the dock during the first Nuremberg Trial slideshow Citizens of Burgsteinfurt watching a film about concentration camps Bergen Belsen and Buchenwald picture Kamikaze pilot attacks a US battleship picture The mushroom cloud above Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy the world s first atomic bomb picture The Fat Man mushroom cloud resulting from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki on 9 August 1945 I realize the tragic significance of the atomic bomb It is an awful responsibility We thank God that it has come to us instead of to our enemies and we pray that He may guide us to use it in His ways and for His purposes US President Harry S Truman picture The Japanese capitulate to the USA on the USS Missouri slideshow The First Bergen Belsen Trial takes place from 17 September to 17 November 1945 picture V J Day Times Square New York slideshow San Francisco Conference signing

    Original URL path: http://www.annefrankhuis.nl/en/Subsites/Timeline/World-War-Two-1939-1945/The-German-invasion/1942/A-call-up-for-volunteers-for-the-German-SS-army/ (2015-08-09)
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  • 1942 - The Dutch East Indies under attack
    humiliated by the SS and civilians Their synagogue is burned picture The burning synagogue in Bielefeld during Kristallnacht picture The synagogue in Rostock burning on 10 November 1938 picture Passers by in front of Jewish owned shops in Berlin destroyed during Kristallnacht 10 November 1938 play movie Jewish refugees from Germany being cared for in Amsterdam by the Committee for Jewish Refugees picture The waiting room of the Jewish Relief Organisation in Berlin which helps those Jews wanting to leave Germany picture Between 1933 and 1938 Germany builds several concentration camps picture Visitors at the Degenerate Music exhibition during the Reich Music Festival in Düsseldorf picture Parade of the Wehrmacht picture Fritz Pfeffer and his fiancée Charlotte Kaletta flee from Berlin to Amsterdam in December 1938 picture English call up to boycott German products 1939 picture Anne Frank 9 years old May 1939 picture Fritz Pfeffer and Charlotte Kaletta on a boat trip to Harderwijk picture Hitler Youth banners around 1939 picture A birthday cake made for Adolf Hitler being handed out to children in Berlin Mitte 20 April 1939 picture Grandmother Holländer s passport In March 1939 she moves to Amsterdam to live with her daughter Edith Frank picture Winston Churchill makes an emphatic speech about recruitment to the armed forces in April 1939 in London picture Austrian Jewish refugees on board the President Harding in New York s harbor on the way to Philadelphia picture Jewish refugees on the ship St Louis in the Belgium port of Antwerp 17 June 1939 picture German Jews flee Nazism 1938 1939 slideshow On 1 September 1939 Germany invades Poland and occupies Danzig World War Two has begun picture On 1 September German troops attack and invade Poland picture German forces enter Warsaw in late September 1939 slideshow Jews being humiliated in Warsaw 1940 picture In April 1940 Germany attacks Denmark and Norway in Operation Weserübung 1940 1942 The German invasion May 1940 Germany invades The Netherlands Belgium and France Registration of the Jews is the first step taken in isolating them As a Jew Otto is no longer allowed to own a business so he appoints Jo Kleiman as director 1940 1942 The German invasion 1940 After May 1940 the good times were few and far between first there was the war then the capitulation and then the arrival of the Germans which is when the trouble started for the Jews Anne Frank picture Anne Frank 10 years old May 1940 slideshow Germany attacks the Netherlands Belgium and France picture German parachutists during the attack on the Netherlands May 1940 picture Two days after the invasion of the Netherlands German SS soldiers reach the Grebbeberg picture Burning street in Rotterdam 14 may 1940 picture German troops receive a warm welcome from Dutch Nazis as they enter Amsterdam 16 May 1940 picture The devastated centre of Rotterdam 23 May 1940 picture German Jews who have fled from Nazi Germany are arrested after the invasion of the Netherlands picture Adolf Hitler with his staff May or June 1940 picture Adolf Hitler in Paris June 23 1940 picture A couple in a sandcastle decorated with swastika pennants and banners around 1940 picture Margot left and Anne Frank on the beach at Zandvoort in the Netherlands August 1940 picture Anne Frank with a dog in Laren The Netherlands The caption says Anne with Isa s dog Dopy picture Anne Frank left and her friend Hanneli Goslar on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam picture Anne Frank with her teacher and two fellow pupils at the 6th Montessori School in Amsterdam picture St Paul s Cathedral during the Blitz Sunday 29 December 1940 play movie Jetteke Frijda talks about her father s fear of being arrested picture Warning about British bombers 1941 picture Victor Kugler with Bep Miep and Esther and Pien in the Opekta office picture Anne second from left ice skating with friends picture Anne Frank at the Sixth Montessori School Amsterdam slideshow Arresting Jews in Amsterdam 22 and 23 February 1941 picture Striking tram conductors and drivers in Amsterdam 25 February 1941 picture The Greek front picture The fair in Scheveningen May 1941 Nothing changes much for the Dutch during the first months of the German occupation picture Bernd Elias left Anne Frank s cousin ice dancing dressed as a clown in Switzerland picture Anne Frank 11 years old May 1941 picture Amsterdam civil servants produce a precise overview of Jewish dwellings in the city for the German occupiers slideshow Signs designating the Jewish Quarter in Amsterdam picture Banner stating V Victory because Germany wins for Europe on all fronts picture Winston Churchill makes his famous V for Victory sign picture A photograph of the Frank family taken on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam May 1941 movie Anne Frank filmed play picture Miep and Jan Gies wedding day picture Hanneli Goslar holding her baby sister Gabi Amsterdam 1941 picture The railway carriage in which Germany signed the ceasefire declaration with France in June 1940 is paraded in Berlin slideshow Signs appear in the Netherlands saying Forbidden for Jews or Jews Not Wanted picture Operation Barbarossa On 22 June 1941 the German Armed Forces attack the Soviet Union picture German troops marching through a burning Russian village 26 June 1941 picture Margot Frank left Ellen During second left and other friends picture Anne Frank with three friends Beekbergen summer 1941 picture Jewish men women and children in a camp in Stuttgart The Nazis deport them to Riga where most of them are killed slideshow Einsatzgruppen special divisions active behind the German lines in Eastern Europe shoot more than a million Jews picture Burning American warships after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Naval Base Hawaii 7 December 1941 1942 picture A call up for the German SS army In the Netherlands around 22 thousand volunteers joined picture A Japanese soldier looks on as the oil refinery at Palembang in the Dutch East Indies burns picture From 3 May 1942 it was compulsory for all Jews to wear a yellow badge on their clothes picture The surrender of the Dutch East Indies to the Japanese at Kalidjati military airport slideshow The deportation of Jewish inhabitants of Eisenach play movie Sol Kimel remembers wearing the Jewish Star play movie Jetteke Frijda remembers wearing the Jewish Star picture American prisoners of war during the Bataan Death March picture Anne Frank 12 years old May 1942 picture The first page of the diary which Anne Frank receives for her thirteenth birthday on 12 June 1942 1942 1944 The hiding place Margot s call up to report for work duty speeds up plans to go into hiding in Otto s business premises His employees are responsible for the family s and their friends well being in the secret annex Allied gains give those in hiding hope of liberation 1942 1944 The hiding place 1942 Not being able to go outside upsets me more than I can say and I m terrified our hiding place will be discovered and that we ll be shot Anne Frank picture Margot Frank receives a call up for work duty and the Franks go into hiding slideshow Otto Frank s business premises on the Prinsengracht in Amsterdam picture The hiding place picture The moveable bookcase which conceals the door to the secret annex slideshow Photographs of the interior of the secret annex picture Otto Frank one of the 8 people in hiding picture Edith Frank his wife picture Their daughter Anne Frank picture Her older sister Margot Frank picture Hermann van Pels Otto Frank s business partner picture His wife Auguste van Pels picture Their son Peter van Pels picture Fritz Pfeffer the dentist picture The people in hiding kill time during the day by eating sleeping studying and reading picture Nazi supporters paint the slogan Holland for Hitler on the wall of the Herengracht canal in Amsterdam picture July 1942 the first Jews to be deported to extermination camps in Poland wait in the courtyard of the Dutch Theater in Amsterdam picture Children from the Lodz Ghetto are deported to the Chelmno extermination camp slideshow The battle for Stalingrad 27 October 1942 picture American troops land in Algeria on 9 November 1942 during the Allied invasion of North Africa 1943 picture SS General Rauter gives a speech announcing that from 1 May 1943 all remaining Jews will be removed from the Netherlands picture Children wearing the Jewish Star in a playground in Amsterdam In the background the empty stalls of the Jewish market picture Captured German and Rumanian soldiers after their defeat near Stalingrad 31 January 1943 picture Members of the Zionist resistance group Chug Halutzi in the Berlin Grunewald 1943 picture The Civil Registration Office Amsterdam after an attempt by the resistance to destroy personal records 27 March 1943 picture Bombers flying low over the rooftops of Amsterdam on the way to their target picture A British bomber crashes into the Carlton Hotel in Amsterdam Anne writes about this in her diary The Carlton Hotel has been destroyed Two British planes loaded with firebombs landed right on top of the German Officers Club Anne Frank picture Notice for all citizens of South Amsterdam to hand in radios and other receivers by order of the SS and Police slideshow A raid in Amsterdam on 26 May 1943 3 000 Jews are deported via Westerbork transit camp to the extermination camps picture Jewish children waiting with their parents to be deported to the Westerbork transit camp 25 or 26 May 1943 picture Bells confiscated by the Nazis for the weapons industry are transported by water in Amsterdam picture The allies land in Sicily 10 July 1943 picture Makin Atoll Gilbert Islands During the War in the Pacific fighting goes from island to island play movie Joop van Wijk about how Bep Voskuijl was almost caught 1944 picture The food situation gets dramatically worse in 1944 Some of the meals in the Secret Annex are simply disgusting nothing s worse than being caught Anne Frank picture On 11 April the warehouse is broken into for the second time The people in hiding spend a fearful night picture US soldier ordering a Japanese sniper concealed inside a log to surrender Aitape Dutch East Indies April 1944 picture German officers on the platform at the Westerbork transit camp in May 1944 The train to Auschwitz is ready to depart slideshow An arrival of Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz Birkenau May or June 1944 is meticulously documented by SS photographers There is no doubt that this is probably the greatest and most horrible single crime ever committed in the whole history of the world Winston Churchill picture BBC newsreader John Snagge announces the news of the Allied invasion of France with the words D Day has come picture Otto Frank has hung a map of Normandy on the wall He marks with pins how far the allied forces have advanced picture British soldiers landing on the coast of Normandy during D Day on 6 June 1944 picture Young soldiers of the SS armoured division Hitler Youth in France 1943 1944 Many of them were killed picture After an attempted assassination attack Hitler shows Mussolini the destruction in his headquarters 20 July 1944 1944 1945 The Arrest Betrayal leads to the arrest of those in hiding and they are all deported to extermination camps Kleiman and Kugler are punished with imprisonment for their role as helpers while Miep and Bep remain behind and wait 1944 1945 The Arrest 1944 When the Gestapo came in with their guns that was the end of everything Otto Frank picture On 4 August 1944 the one thing the people in hiding have been afraid of for so long finally happens they re discovered and arrested picture Willy Lages head of the Security Services looking out of his office window at the Headquarters in Amsterdam picture The people in hiding and the two male helpers are arrested and taken for interrogation to a German run prison picture Prisoners being marched to Amersfoort work and concentration camp picture On 8 August 1944 the 8 occupants of the Secret Annex are taken by train from Amsterdam Central Station to the Westerbork transit camp picture A Dutch poster announcing the bombing of Berlin as if it is a football match between England and Germany picture Germany has to fight in the west the east and the south picture An air raid attack on Berlin by the Allied Forces August 1944 picture An American bombing raid on Auschwitz in August 1944 The attack is on the factories not the camp or the railway lines picture French civilians in Brittany throw flowers at American liberators in August 1944 picture American soldiers marching down the Champs Elysées after the liberation of Paris picture The people in hiding are deported to Auschwitz picture Aerial photo of Auschwitz 13 September 1944 picture People in Eindhoven celebrate their freedom on 20 September picture Gliders with paratroopers on their way to Arnhem during Operation Market Garden picture 1st Allied Airborne Army paratroopers landing near Arnhem during Operation Market Garden in September 1944 picture Hermann van Pels is incapable of doing the hard labour in Auschwitz He is gassed in September 1944 picture German prisoners of war in Walcheren Zeeland 31 October 1944 picture As the Russians approach Auschwitz large groups of prisoners are moved to other camps Among them are Auguste van Pels Fritz Pfeffer and Anne and Margot picture In October 1944 Fritz Pfeffer is moved to the Neuengamme concentration camp Pfeffer dies in the sick bay on 20 December 1945 picture The Hunger Winter 1944 1945 Wood is taken from the tram rail to burn as fuel picture Auschwitz prisoners in Kolin Czechoslovakia on 24 January 1945 after evacuation of the camp picture In January 1945 Peter van Pels is moved from Auschwitz to Mauthausen a journey of about 600 kilometers picture Edith Frank witnesses her children leave Auschwitz and becomes ill She dies of exhaustion in January 1945 picture During the final days of Auschwitz Birkenau the SS set fire to warehouses of plundered property and records offices picture U S Task Force liberates Venlo Holland picture Allied POW s at Stalag VIIIB in Germany take advantage of a summer thunderstorm to have a wash picture The city of Dresden is destroyed during four Allied bombing raids in February 1945 picture Margot Frank dies in concentration camp Bergen Belsen from typhus in February 1945 picture Warning signs for typhus near the liberated concentration camp of Bergen Belsen April 1945 picture Liberated prisoners in a hut at the Bergen Belsen concentration camp April 1945 picture Fighting in the streets of Arnhem 14 april 1945 picture Survivors in the Bergen Belsen concentration camp shortly after their liberation by the British army on 15 April 1945 picture Canadian Infantry troops moving through and liberating the east of the Netherlands in April 1945 picture A resistance attack on a German army vehicle seriously wounds Hanns Rauter Head of the SS and the Police in the Netherlands picture German refugees flee from advancing Soviet troops in the spring of 1945 picture The ruins of cafe Hauptwache in Frankfurt am Main April May 1945 picture German prisoners of war at the Brandenburg Gate April May 1945 picture Peter van Pels dies of exhaustion in concentration camp Mauthausen in Austria on 5 May 1945 picture Auguste van Pels dies somewhere in Germany or Czechoslovakia between April 9th and May 8th 1945 1945 1948 Otto returns Germany surrenders the war ends and Europe is free but in ruins Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picks up the threads of his life and mourns for his family He is not the only one gradually the scale of the mass murder of the Jews becomes clear 1945 1948 Otto returns 1945 They were good people We did not care if they were communists or not We were not concerned with politics we were concerned about our liberation Otto Frank picture Otto Frank sole survivor picture Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picture Hitler is dead play movie General Dwight D Eisenhower after the German capitulation in Reims picture Dutch children celebrating the liberation of Velp Netherlands with an English soldier 16 April 1945 picture Newspaper headlines announce Victory in Europe VE Day after the defeat of Nazi Germany picture Canadian troops during liberation celebrations in the Netherlands picture Girl paying the penalty for having had a relationship with a German soldier picture Jewish children on their way to Palestine after having been released from the Buchenwald Concentration Camp picture Survivors returning at Amsterdam Central Station picture Ernestine van Witsen Weinberg returns from Bergen Belsen Amsterdam Central Station slideshow Abandoned Jewish homes picture Otto Frank with the helpers who also survived the war We looked at each other There were no words He was thin but he d always been thin He carried a little bundle My eyes swam My heart melted Suddenly I was afraid to know more I didn t want to know what had happened I knew I would not ask Miep Gies picture Otto Frank places an advertisement in the newspaper trying to trace his daughters picture Lessons in a Baby Camp an American re education camp picture After its capitulation Germany is occupied by four of its former enemies picture Top Nazis in the dock during the first Nuremberg Trial slideshow Citizens of Burgsteinfurt watching a film about concentration camps Bergen Belsen and Buchenwald picture Kamikaze pilot attacks a US battleship picture The mushroom cloud above Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy the world s first atomic bomb picture The Fat Man mushroom cloud resulting from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki on 9 August 1945 I realize the tragic significance of the atomic bomb It is an awful responsibility We thank God that it has come to us instead of to our enemies and we pray that He may guide us to use it in His ways and for His purposes US

    Original URL path: http://www.annefrankhuis.nl/en/Subsites/Timeline/World-War-Two-1939-1945/The-German-invasion/1942/A-Japanese-soldier-looks-on-as-the-oil-refinery-at-Palemburg-in-the-Dutch-East-Indies-burns/ (2015-08-09)
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  • 1942 -
    synagogue in Rostock burning on 10 November 1938 picture Passers by in front of Jewish owned shops in Berlin destroyed during Kristallnacht 10 November 1938 play movie Jewish refugees from Germany being cared for in Amsterdam by the Committee for Jewish Refugees picture The waiting room of the Jewish Relief Organisation in Berlin which helps those Jews wanting to leave Germany picture Between 1933 and 1938 Germany builds several concentration camps picture Visitors at the Degenerate Music exhibition during the Reich Music Festival in Düsseldorf picture Parade of the Wehrmacht picture Fritz Pfeffer and his fiancée Charlotte Kaletta flee from Berlin to Amsterdam in December 1938 picture English call up to boycott German products 1939 picture Anne Frank 9 years old May 1939 picture Fritz Pfeffer and Charlotte Kaletta on a boat trip to Harderwijk picture Hitler Youth banners around 1939 picture A birthday cake made for Adolf Hitler being handed out to children in Berlin Mitte 20 April 1939 picture Grandmother Holländer s passport In March 1939 she moves to Amsterdam to live with her daughter Edith Frank picture Winston Churchill makes an emphatic speech about recruitment to the armed forces in April 1939 in London picture Austrian Jewish refugees on board the President Harding in New York s harbor on the way to Philadelphia picture Jewish refugees on the ship St Louis in the Belgium port of Antwerp 17 June 1939 picture German Jews flee Nazism 1938 1939 slideshow On 1 September 1939 Germany invades Poland and occupies Danzig World War Two has begun picture On 1 September German troops attack and invade Poland picture German forces enter Warsaw in late September 1939 slideshow Jews being humiliated in Warsaw 1940 picture In April 1940 Germany attacks Denmark and Norway in Operation Weserübung 1940 1942 The German invasion May 1940 Germany invades The Netherlands Belgium and France Registration of the Jews is the first step taken in isolating them As a Jew Otto is no longer allowed to own a business so he appoints Jo Kleiman as director 1940 1942 The German invasion 1940 After May 1940 the good times were few and far between first there was the war then the capitulation and then the arrival of the Germans which is when the trouble started for the Jews Anne Frank picture Anne Frank 10 years old May 1940 slideshow Germany attacks the Netherlands Belgium and France picture German parachutists during the attack on the Netherlands May 1940 picture Two days after the invasion of the Netherlands German SS soldiers reach the Grebbeberg picture Burning street in Rotterdam 14 may 1940 picture German troops receive a warm welcome from Dutch Nazis as they enter Amsterdam 16 May 1940 picture The devastated centre of Rotterdam 23 May 1940 picture German Jews who have fled from Nazi Germany are arrested after the invasion of the Netherlands picture Adolf Hitler with his staff May or June 1940 picture Adolf Hitler in Paris June 23 1940 picture A couple in a sandcastle decorated with swastika pennants and banners around 1940 picture Margot left and Anne Frank on the beach at Zandvoort in the Netherlands August 1940 picture Anne Frank with a dog in Laren The Netherlands The caption says Anne with Isa s dog Dopy picture Anne Frank left and her friend Hanneli Goslar on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam picture Anne Frank with her teacher and two fellow pupils at the 6th Montessori School in Amsterdam picture St Paul s Cathedral during the Blitz Sunday 29 December 1940 play movie Jetteke Frijda talks about her father s fear of being arrested picture Warning about British bombers 1941 picture Victor Kugler with Bep Miep and Esther and Pien in the Opekta office picture Anne second from left ice skating with friends picture Anne Frank at the Sixth Montessori School Amsterdam slideshow Arresting Jews in Amsterdam 22 and 23 February 1941 picture Striking tram conductors and drivers in Amsterdam 25 February 1941 picture The Greek front picture The fair in Scheveningen May 1941 Nothing changes much for the Dutch during the first months of the German occupation picture Bernd Elias left Anne Frank s cousin ice dancing dressed as a clown in Switzerland picture Anne Frank 11 years old May 1941 picture Amsterdam civil servants produce a precise overview of Jewish dwellings in the city for the German occupiers slideshow Signs designating the Jewish Quarter in Amsterdam picture Banner stating V Victory because Germany wins for Europe on all fronts picture Winston Churchill makes his famous V for Victory sign picture A photograph of the Frank family taken on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam May 1941 movie Anne Frank filmed play picture Miep and Jan Gies wedding day picture Hanneli Goslar holding her baby sister Gabi Amsterdam 1941 picture The railway carriage in which Germany signed the ceasefire declaration with France in June 1940 is paraded in Berlin slideshow Signs appear in the Netherlands saying Forbidden for Jews or Jews Not Wanted picture Operation Barbarossa On 22 June 1941 the German Armed Forces attack the Soviet Union picture German troops marching through a burning Russian village 26 June 1941 picture Margot Frank left Ellen During second left and other friends picture Anne Frank with three friends Beekbergen summer 1941 picture Jewish men women and children in a camp in Stuttgart The Nazis deport them to Riga where most of them are killed slideshow Einsatzgruppen special divisions active behind the German lines in Eastern Europe shoot more than a million Jews picture Burning American warships after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Naval Base Hawaii 7 December 1941 1942 picture A call up for the German SS army In the Netherlands around 22 thousand volunteers joined picture A Japanese soldier looks on as the oil refinery at Palembang in the Dutch East Indies burns picture From 3 May 1942 it was compulsory for all Jews to wear a yellow badge on their clothes picture The surrender of the Dutch East Indies to the Japanese at Kalidjati military airport slideshow The deportation of Jewish inhabitants of Eisenach play movie Sol Kimel remembers wearing the Jewish Star play movie Jetteke Frijda remembers wearing the Jewish Star picture American prisoners of war during the Bataan Death March picture Anne Frank 12 years old May 1942 picture The first page of the diary which Anne Frank receives for her thirteenth birthday on 12 June 1942 1942 1944 The hiding place Margot s call up to report for work duty speeds up plans to go into hiding in Otto s business premises His employees are responsible for the family s and their friends well being in the secret annex Allied gains give those in hiding hope of liberation 1942 1944 The hiding place 1942 Not being able to go outside upsets me more than I can say and I m terrified our hiding place will be discovered and that we ll be shot Anne Frank picture Margot Frank receives a call up for work duty and the Franks go into hiding slideshow Otto Frank s business premises on the Prinsengracht in Amsterdam picture The hiding place picture The moveable bookcase which conceals the door to the secret annex slideshow Photographs of the interior of the secret annex picture Otto Frank one of the 8 people in hiding picture Edith Frank his wife picture Their daughter Anne Frank picture Her older sister Margot Frank picture Hermann van Pels Otto Frank s business partner picture His wife Auguste van Pels picture Their son Peter van Pels picture Fritz Pfeffer the dentist picture The people in hiding kill time during the day by eating sleeping studying and reading picture Nazi supporters paint the slogan Holland for Hitler on the wall of the Herengracht canal in Amsterdam picture July 1942 the first Jews to be deported to extermination camps in Poland wait in the courtyard of the Dutch Theater in Amsterdam picture Children from the Lodz Ghetto are deported to the Chelmno extermination camp slideshow The battle for Stalingrad 27 October 1942 picture American troops land in Algeria on 9 November 1942 during the Allied invasion of North Africa 1943 picture SS General Rauter gives a speech announcing that from 1 May 1943 all remaining Jews will be removed from the Netherlands picture Children wearing the Jewish Star in a playground in Amsterdam In the background the empty stalls of the Jewish market picture Captured German and Rumanian soldiers after their defeat near Stalingrad 31 January 1943 picture Members of the Zionist resistance group Chug Halutzi in the Berlin Grunewald 1943 picture The Civil Registration Office Amsterdam after an attempt by the resistance to destroy personal records 27 March 1943 picture Bombers flying low over the rooftops of Amsterdam on the way to their target picture A British bomber crashes into the Carlton Hotel in Amsterdam Anne writes about this in her diary The Carlton Hotel has been destroyed Two British planes loaded with firebombs landed right on top of the German Officers Club Anne Frank picture Notice for all citizens of South Amsterdam to hand in radios and other receivers by order of the SS and Police slideshow A raid in Amsterdam on 26 May 1943 3 000 Jews are deported via Westerbork transit camp to the extermination camps picture Jewish children waiting with their parents to be deported to the Westerbork transit camp 25 or 26 May 1943 picture Bells confiscated by the Nazis for the weapons industry are transported by water in Amsterdam picture The allies land in Sicily 10 July 1943 picture Makin Atoll Gilbert Islands During the War in the Pacific fighting goes from island to island play movie Joop van Wijk about how Bep Voskuijl was almost caught 1944 picture The food situation gets dramatically worse in 1944 Some of the meals in the Secret Annex are simply disgusting nothing s worse than being caught Anne Frank picture On 11 April the warehouse is broken into for the second time The people in hiding spend a fearful night picture US soldier ordering a Japanese sniper concealed inside a log to surrender Aitape Dutch East Indies April 1944 picture German officers on the platform at the Westerbork transit camp in May 1944 The train to Auschwitz is ready to depart slideshow An arrival of Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz Birkenau May or June 1944 is meticulously documented by SS photographers There is no doubt that this is probably the greatest and most horrible single crime ever committed in the whole history of the world Winston Churchill picture BBC newsreader John Snagge announces the news of the Allied invasion of France with the words D Day has come picture Otto Frank has hung a map of Normandy on the wall He marks with pins how far the allied forces have advanced picture British soldiers landing on the coast of Normandy during D Day on 6 June 1944 picture Young soldiers of the SS armoured division Hitler Youth in France 1943 1944 Many of them were killed picture After an attempted assassination attack Hitler shows Mussolini the destruction in his headquarters 20 July 1944 1944 1945 The Arrest Betrayal leads to the arrest of those in hiding and they are all deported to extermination camps Kleiman and Kugler are punished with imprisonment for their role as helpers while Miep and Bep remain behind and wait 1944 1945 The Arrest 1944 When the Gestapo came in with their guns that was the end of everything Otto Frank picture On 4 August 1944 the one thing the people in hiding have been afraid of for so long finally happens they re discovered and arrested picture Willy Lages head of the Security Services looking out of his office window at the Headquarters in Amsterdam picture The people in hiding and the two male helpers are arrested and taken for interrogation to a German run prison picture Prisoners being marched to Amersfoort work and concentration camp picture On 8 August 1944 the 8 occupants of the Secret Annex are taken by train from Amsterdam Central Station to the Westerbork transit camp picture A Dutch poster announcing the bombing of Berlin as if it is a football match between England and Germany picture Germany has to fight in the west the east and the south picture An air raid attack on Berlin by the Allied Forces August 1944 picture An American bombing raid on Auschwitz in August 1944 The attack is on the factories not the camp or the railway lines picture French civilians in Brittany throw flowers at American liberators in August 1944 picture American soldiers marching down the Champs Elysées after the liberation of Paris picture The people in hiding are deported to Auschwitz picture Aerial photo of Auschwitz 13 September 1944 picture People in Eindhoven celebrate their freedom on 20 September picture Gliders with paratroopers on their way to Arnhem during Operation Market Garden picture 1st Allied Airborne Army paratroopers landing near Arnhem during Operation Market Garden in September 1944 picture Hermann van Pels is incapable of doing the hard labour in Auschwitz He is gassed in September 1944 picture German prisoners of war in Walcheren Zeeland 31 October 1944 picture As the Russians approach Auschwitz large groups of prisoners are moved to other camps Among them are Auguste van Pels Fritz Pfeffer and Anne and Margot picture In October 1944 Fritz Pfeffer is moved to the Neuengamme concentration camp Pfeffer dies in the sick bay on 20 December 1945 picture The Hunger Winter 1944 1945 Wood is taken from the tram rail to burn as fuel picture Auschwitz prisoners in Kolin Czechoslovakia on 24 January 1945 after evacuation of the camp picture In January 1945 Peter van Pels is moved from Auschwitz to Mauthausen a journey of about 600 kilometers picture Edith Frank witnesses her children leave Auschwitz and becomes ill She dies of exhaustion in January 1945 picture During the final days of Auschwitz Birkenau the SS set fire to warehouses of plundered property and records offices picture U S Task Force liberates Venlo Holland picture Allied POW s at Stalag VIIIB in Germany take advantage of a summer thunderstorm to have a wash picture The city of Dresden is destroyed during four Allied bombing raids in February 1945 picture Margot Frank dies in concentration camp Bergen Belsen from typhus in February 1945 picture Warning signs for typhus near the liberated concentration camp of Bergen Belsen April 1945 picture Liberated prisoners in a hut at the Bergen Belsen concentration camp April 1945 picture Fighting in the streets of Arnhem 14 april 1945 picture Survivors in the Bergen Belsen concentration camp shortly after their liberation by the British army on 15 April 1945 picture Canadian Infantry troops moving through and liberating the east of the Netherlands in April 1945 picture A resistance attack on a German army vehicle seriously wounds Hanns Rauter Head of the SS and the Police in the Netherlands picture German refugees flee from advancing Soviet troops in the spring of 1945 picture The ruins of cafe Hauptwache in Frankfurt am Main April May 1945 picture German prisoners of war at the Brandenburg Gate April May 1945 picture Peter van Pels dies of exhaustion in concentration camp Mauthausen in Austria on 5 May 1945 picture Auguste van Pels dies somewhere in Germany or Czechoslovakia between April 9th and May 8th 1945 1945 1948 Otto returns Germany surrenders the war ends and Europe is free but in ruins Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picks up the threads of his life and mourns for his family He is not the only one gradually the scale of the mass murder of the Jews becomes clear 1945 1948 Otto returns 1945 They were good people We did not care if they were communists or not We were not concerned with politics we were concerned about our liberation Otto Frank picture Otto Frank sole survivor picture Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picture Hitler is dead play movie General Dwight D Eisenhower after the German capitulation in Reims picture Dutch children celebrating the liberation of Velp Netherlands with an English soldier 16 April 1945 picture Newspaper headlines announce Victory in Europe VE Day after the defeat of Nazi Germany picture Canadian troops during liberation celebrations in the Netherlands picture Girl paying the penalty for having had a relationship with a German soldier picture Jewish children on their way to Palestine after having been released from the Buchenwald Concentration Camp picture Survivors returning at Amsterdam Central Station picture Ernestine van Witsen Weinberg returns from Bergen Belsen Amsterdam Central Station slideshow Abandoned Jewish homes picture Otto Frank with the helpers who also survived the war We looked at each other There were no words He was thin but he d always been thin He carried a little bundle My eyes swam My heart melted Suddenly I was afraid to know more I didn t want to know what had happened I knew I would not ask Miep Gies picture Otto Frank places an advertisement in the newspaper trying to trace his daughters picture Lessons in a Baby Camp an American re education camp picture After its capitulation Germany is occupied by four of its former enemies picture Top Nazis in the dock during the first Nuremberg Trial slideshow Citizens of Burgsteinfurt watching a film about concentration camps Bergen Belsen and Buchenwald picture Kamikaze pilot attacks a US battleship picture The mushroom cloud above Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy the world s first atomic bomb picture The Fat Man mushroom cloud resulting from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki on 9 August 1945 I realize the tragic significance of the atomic bomb It is an awful responsibility We thank God that it has come to us instead of to our enemies and we pray that He may guide us to use it in His ways and for His purposes US President Harry S Truman picture The Japanese capitulate to the USA on the USS Missouri slideshow The First Bergen Belsen

    Original URL path: http://www.annefrankhuis.nl/en/Subsites/Timeline/World-War-Two-1939-1945/The-German-invasion/1942/From-29-April-1942-it-was-compulsory-for-all-Jews-to-wear-a-star-on-their-clothes/ (2015-08-09)
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  • 1942 - The Dutch East Indies surrender
    synagogue in Rostock burning on 10 November 1938 picture Passers by in front of Jewish owned shops in Berlin destroyed during Kristallnacht 10 November 1938 play movie Jewish refugees from Germany being cared for in Amsterdam by the Committee for Jewish Refugees picture The waiting room of the Jewish Relief Organisation in Berlin which helps those Jews wanting to leave Germany picture Between 1933 and 1938 Germany builds several concentration camps picture Visitors at the Degenerate Music exhibition during the Reich Music Festival in Düsseldorf picture Parade of the Wehrmacht picture Fritz Pfeffer and his fiancée Charlotte Kaletta flee from Berlin to Amsterdam in December 1938 picture English call up to boycott German products 1939 picture Anne Frank 9 years old May 1939 picture Fritz Pfeffer and Charlotte Kaletta on a boat trip to Harderwijk picture Hitler Youth banners around 1939 picture A birthday cake made for Adolf Hitler being handed out to children in Berlin Mitte 20 April 1939 picture Grandmother Holländer s passport In March 1939 she moves to Amsterdam to live with her daughter Edith Frank picture Winston Churchill makes an emphatic speech about recruitment to the armed forces in April 1939 in London picture Austrian Jewish refugees on board the President Harding in New York s harbor on the way to Philadelphia picture Jewish refugees on the ship St Louis in the Belgium port of Antwerp 17 June 1939 picture German Jews flee Nazism 1938 1939 slideshow On 1 September 1939 Germany invades Poland and occupies Danzig World War Two has begun picture On 1 September German troops attack and invade Poland picture German forces enter Warsaw in late September 1939 slideshow Jews being humiliated in Warsaw 1940 picture In April 1940 Germany attacks Denmark and Norway in Operation Weserübung 1940 1942 The German invasion May 1940 Germany invades The Netherlands Belgium and France Registration of the Jews is the first step taken in isolating them As a Jew Otto is no longer allowed to own a business so he appoints Jo Kleiman as director 1940 1942 The German invasion 1940 After May 1940 the good times were few and far between first there was the war then the capitulation and then the arrival of the Germans which is when the trouble started for the Jews Anne Frank picture Anne Frank 10 years old May 1940 slideshow Germany attacks the Netherlands Belgium and France picture German parachutists during the attack on the Netherlands May 1940 picture Two days after the invasion of the Netherlands German SS soldiers reach the Grebbeberg picture Burning street in Rotterdam 14 may 1940 picture German troops receive a warm welcome from Dutch Nazis as they enter Amsterdam 16 May 1940 picture The devastated centre of Rotterdam 23 May 1940 picture German Jews who have fled from Nazi Germany are arrested after the invasion of the Netherlands picture Adolf Hitler with his staff May or June 1940 picture Adolf Hitler in Paris June 23 1940 picture A couple in a sandcastle decorated with swastika pennants and banners around 1940 picture Margot left and Anne Frank on the beach at Zandvoort in the Netherlands August 1940 picture Anne Frank with a dog in Laren The Netherlands The caption says Anne with Isa s dog Dopy picture Anne Frank left and her friend Hanneli Goslar on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam picture Anne Frank with her teacher and two fellow pupils at the 6th Montessori School in Amsterdam picture St Paul s Cathedral during the Blitz Sunday 29 December 1940 play movie Jetteke Frijda talks about her father s fear of being arrested picture Warning about British bombers 1941 picture Victor Kugler with Bep Miep and Esther and Pien in the Opekta office picture Anne second from left ice skating with friends picture Anne Frank at the Sixth Montessori School Amsterdam slideshow Arresting Jews in Amsterdam 22 and 23 February 1941 picture Striking tram conductors and drivers in Amsterdam 25 February 1941 picture The Greek front picture The fair in Scheveningen May 1941 Nothing changes much for the Dutch during the first months of the German occupation picture Bernd Elias left Anne Frank s cousin ice dancing dressed as a clown in Switzerland picture Anne Frank 11 years old May 1941 picture Amsterdam civil servants produce a precise overview of Jewish dwellings in the city for the German occupiers slideshow Signs designating the Jewish Quarter in Amsterdam picture Banner stating V Victory because Germany wins for Europe on all fronts picture Winston Churchill makes his famous V for Victory sign picture A photograph of the Frank family taken on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam May 1941 movie Anne Frank filmed play picture Miep and Jan Gies wedding day picture Hanneli Goslar holding her baby sister Gabi Amsterdam 1941 picture The railway carriage in which Germany signed the ceasefire declaration with France in June 1940 is paraded in Berlin slideshow Signs appear in the Netherlands saying Forbidden for Jews or Jews Not Wanted picture Operation Barbarossa On 22 June 1941 the German Armed Forces attack the Soviet Union picture German troops marching through a burning Russian village 26 June 1941 picture Margot Frank left Ellen During second left and other friends picture Anne Frank with three friends Beekbergen summer 1941 picture Jewish men women and children in a camp in Stuttgart The Nazis deport them to Riga where most of them are killed slideshow Einsatzgruppen special divisions active behind the German lines in Eastern Europe shoot more than a million Jews picture Burning American warships after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Naval Base Hawaii 7 December 1941 1942 picture A call up for the German SS army In the Netherlands around 22 thousand volunteers joined picture A Japanese soldier looks on as the oil refinery at Palembang in the Dutch East Indies burns picture From 3 May 1942 it was compulsory for all Jews to wear a yellow badge on their clothes picture The surrender of the Dutch East Indies to the Japanese at Kalidjati military airport slideshow The deportation of Jewish inhabitants of Eisenach play movie Sol Kimel remembers wearing the Jewish Star play movie Jetteke Frijda remembers wearing the Jewish Star picture American prisoners of war during the Bataan Death March picture Anne Frank 12 years old May 1942 picture The first page of the diary which Anne Frank receives for her thirteenth birthday on 12 June 1942 1942 1944 The hiding place Margot s call up to report for work duty speeds up plans to go into hiding in Otto s business premises His employees are responsible for the family s and their friends well being in the secret annex Allied gains give those in hiding hope of liberation 1942 1944 The hiding place 1942 Not being able to go outside upsets me more than I can say and I m terrified our hiding place will be discovered and that we ll be shot Anne Frank picture Margot Frank receives a call up for work duty and the Franks go into hiding slideshow Otto Frank s business premises on the Prinsengracht in Amsterdam picture The hiding place picture The moveable bookcase which conceals the door to the secret annex slideshow Photographs of the interior of the secret annex picture Otto Frank one of the 8 people in hiding picture Edith Frank his wife picture Their daughter Anne Frank picture Her older sister Margot Frank picture Hermann van Pels Otto Frank s business partner picture His wife Auguste van Pels picture Their son Peter van Pels picture Fritz Pfeffer the dentist picture The people in hiding kill time during the day by eating sleeping studying and reading picture Nazi supporters paint the slogan Holland for Hitler on the wall of the Herengracht canal in Amsterdam picture July 1942 the first Jews to be deported to extermination camps in Poland wait in the courtyard of the Dutch Theater in Amsterdam picture Children from the Lodz Ghetto are deported to the Chelmno extermination camp slideshow The battle for Stalingrad 27 October 1942 picture American troops land in Algeria on 9 November 1942 during the Allied invasion of North Africa 1943 picture SS General Rauter gives a speech announcing that from 1 May 1943 all remaining Jews will be removed from the Netherlands picture Children wearing the Jewish Star in a playground in Amsterdam In the background the empty stalls of the Jewish market picture Captured German and Rumanian soldiers after their defeat near Stalingrad 31 January 1943 picture Members of the Zionist resistance group Chug Halutzi in the Berlin Grunewald 1943 picture The Civil Registration Office Amsterdam after an attempt by the resistance to destroy personal records 27 March 1943 picture Bombers flying low over the rooftops of Amsterdam on the way to their target picture A British bomber crashes into the Carlton Hotel in Amsterdam Anne writes about this in her diary The Carlton Hotel has been destroyed Two British planes loaded with firebombs landed right on top of the German Officers Club Anne Frank picture Notice for all citizens of South Amsterdam to hand in radios and other receivers by order of the SS and Police slideshow A raid in Amsterdam on 26 May 1943 3 000 Jews are deported via Westerbork transit camp to the extermination camps picture Jewish children waiting with their parents to be deported to the Westerbork transit camp 25 or 26 May 1943 picture Bells confiscated by the Nazis for the weapons industry are transported by water in Amsterdam picture The allies land in Sicily 10 July 1943 picture Makin Atoll Gilbert Islands During the War in the Pacific fighting goes from island to island play movie Joop van Wijk about how Bep Voskuijl was almost caught 1944 picture The food situation gets dramatically worse in 1944 Some of the meals in the Secret Annex are simply disgusting nothing s worse than being caught Anne Frank picture On 11 April the warehouse is broken into for the second time The people in hiding spend a fearful night picture US soldier ordering a Japanese sniper concealed inside a log to surrender Aitape Dutch East Indies April 1944 picture German officers on the platform at the Westerbork transit camp in May 1944 The train to Auschwitz is ready to depart slideshow An arrival of Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz Birkenau May or June 1944 is meticulously documented by SS photographers There is no doubt that this is probably the greatest and most horrible single crime ever committed in the whole history of the world Winston Churchill picture BBC newsreader John Snagge announces the news of the Allied invasion of France with the words D Day has come picture Otto Frank has hung a map of Normandy on the wall He marks with pins how far the allied forces have advanced picture British soldiers landing on the coast of Normandy during D Day on 6 June 1944 picture Young soldiers of the SS armoured division Hitler Youth in France 1943 1944 Many of them were killed picture After an attempted assassination attack Hitler shows Mussolini the destruction in his headquarters 20 July 1944 1944 1945 The Arrest Betrayal leads to the arrest of those in hiding and they are all deported to extermination camps Kleiman and Kugler are punished with imprisonment for their role as helpers while Miep and Bep remain behind and wait 1944 1945 The Arrest 1944 When the Gestapo came in with their guns that was the end of everything Otto Frank picture On 4 August 1944 the one thing the people in hiding have been afraid of for so long finally happens they re discovered and arrested picture Willy Lages head of the Security Services looking out of his office window at the Headquarters in Amsterdam picture The people in hiding and the two male helpers are arrested and taken for interrogation to a German run prison picture Prisoners being marched to Amersfoort work and concentration camp picture On 8 August 1944 the 8 occupants of the Secret Annex are taken by train from Amsterdam Central Station to the Westerbork transit camp picture A Dutch poster announcing the bombing of Berlin as if it is a football match between England and Germany picture Germany has to fight in the west the east and the south picture An air raid attack on Berlin by the Allied Forces August 1944 picture An American bombing raid on Auschwitz in August 1944 The attack is on the factories not the camp or the railway lines picture French civilians in Brittany throw flowers at American liberators in August 1944 picture American soldiers marching down the Champs Elysées after the liberation of Paris picture The people in hiding are deported to Auschwitz picture Aerial photo of Auschwitz 13 September 1944 picture People in Eindhoven celebrate their freedom on 20 September picture Gliders with paratroopers on their way to Arnhem during Operation Market Garden picture 1st Allied Airborne Army paratroopers landing near Arnhem during Operation Market Garden in September 1944 picture Hermann van Pels is incapable of doing the hard labour in Auschwitz He is gassed in September 1944 picture German prisoners of war in Walcheren Zeeland 31 October 1944 picture As the Russians approach Auschwitz large groups of prisoners are moved to other camps Among them are Auguste van Pels Fritz Pfeffer and Anne and Margot picture In October 1944 Fritz Pfeffer is moved to the Neuengamme concentration camp Pfeffer dies in the sick bay on 20 December 1945 picture The Hunger Winter 1944 1945 Wood is taken from the tram rail to burn as fuel picture Auschwitz prisoners in Kolin Czechoslovakia on 24 January 1945 after evacuation of the camp picture In January 1945 Peter van Pels is moved from Auschwitz to Mauthausen a journey of about 600 kilometers picture Edith Frank witnesses her children leave Auschwitz and becomes ill She dies of exhaustion in January 1945 picture During the final days of Auschwitz Birkenau the SS set fire to warehouses of plundered property and records offices picture U S Task Force liberates Venlo Holland picture Allied POW s at Stalag VIIIB in Germany take advantage of a summer thunderstorm to have a wash picture The city of Dresden is destroyed during four Allied bombing raids in February 1945 picture Margot Frank dies in concentration camp Bergen Belsen from typhus in February 1945 picture Warning signs for typhus near the liberated concentration camp of Bergen Belsen April 1945 picture Liberated prisoners in a hut at the Bergen Belsen concentration camp April 1945 picture Fighting in the streets of Arnhem 14 april 1945 picture Survivors in the Bergen Belsen concentration camp shortly after their liberation by the British army on 15 April 1945 picture Canadian Infantry troops moving through and liberating the east of the Netherlands in April 1945 picture A resistance attack on a German army vehicle seriously wounds Hanns Rauter Head of the SS and the Police in the Netherlands picture German refugees flee from advancing Soviet troops in the spring of 1945 picture The ruins of cafe Hauptwache in Frankfurt am Main April May 1945 picture German prisoners of war at the Brandenburg Gate April May 1945 picture Peter van Pels dies of exhaustion in concentration camp Mauthausen in Austria on 5 May 1945 picture Auguste van Pels dies somewhere in Germany or Czechoslovakia between April 9th and May 8th 1945 1945 1948 Otto returns Germany surrenders the war ends and Europe is free but in ruins Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picks up the threads of his life and mourns for his family He is not the only one gradually the scale of the mass murder of the Jews becomes clear 1945 1948 Otto returns 1945 They were good people We did not care if they were communists or not We were not concerned with politics we were concerned about our liberation Otto Frank picture Otto Frank sole survivor picture Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picture Hitler is dead play movie General Dwight D Eisenhower after the German capitulation in Reims picture Dutch children celebrating the liberation of Velp Netherlands with an English soldier 16 April 1945 picture Newspaper headlines announce Victory in Europe VE Day after the defeat of Nazi Germany picture Canadian troops during liberation celebrations in the Netherlands picture Girl paying the penalty for having had a relationship with a German soldier picture Jewish children on their way to Palestine after having been released from the Buchenwald Concentration Camp picture Survivors returning at Amsterdam Central Station picture Ernestine van Witsen Weinberg returns from Bergen Belsen Amsterdam Central Station slideshow Abandoned Jewish homes picture Otto Frank with the helpers who also survived the war We looked at each other There were no words He was thin but he d always been thin He carried a little bundle My eyes swam My heart melted Suddenly I was afraid to know more I didn t want to know what had happened I knew I would not ask Miep Gies picture Otto Frank places an advertisement in the newspaper trying to trace his daughters picture Lessons in a Baby Camp an American re education camp picture After its capitulation Germany is occupied by four of its former enemies picture Top Nazis in the dock during the first Nuremberg Trial slideshow Citizens of Burgsteinfurt watching a film about concentration camps Bergen Belsen and Buchenwald picture Kamikaze pilot attacks a US battleship picture The mushroom cloud above Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy the world s first atomic bomb picture The Fat Man mushroom cloud resulting from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki on 9 August 1945 I realize the tragic significance of the atomic bomb It is an awful responsibility We thank God that it has come to us instead of to our enemies and we pray that He may guide us to use it in His ways and for His purposes US President Harry S Truman picture The Japanese capitulate to the USA on the USS Missouri slideshow The First Bergen Belsen

    Original URL path: http://www.annefrankhuis.nl/en/Subsites/Timeline/World-War-Two-1939-1945/The-German-invasion/1942/The-surrender-of-the-Dutch-East-Indies-to-the-Japanese-at-Kalidjati/ (2015-08-09)
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  • 1942 - Eisenach Jews deported
    burned picture The burning synagogue in Bielefeld during Kristallnacht picture The synagogue in Rostock burning on 10 November 1938 picture Passers by in front of Jewish owned shops in Berlin destroyed during Kristallnacht 10 November 1938 play movie Jewish refugees from Germany being cared for in Amsterdam by the Committee for Jewish Refugees picture The waiting room of the Jewish Relief Organisation in Berlin which helps those Jews wanting to leave Germany picture Between 1933 and 1938 Germany builds several concentration camps picture Visitors at the Degenerate Music exhibition during the Reich Music Festival in Düsseldorf picture Parade of the Wehrmacht picture Fritz Pfeffer and his fiancée Charlotte Kaletta flee from Berlin to Amsterdam in December 1938 picture English call up to boycott German products 1939 picture Anne Frank 9 years old May 1939 picture Fritz Pfeffer and Charlotte Kaletta on a boat trip to Harderwijk picture Hitler Youth banners around 1939 picture A birthday cake made for Adolf Hitler being handed out to children in Berlin Mitte 20 April 1939 picture Grandmother Holländer s passport In March 1939 she moves to Amsterdam to live with her daughter Edith Frank picture Winston Churchill makes an emphatic speech about recruitment to the armed forces in April 1939 in London picture Austrian Jewish refugees on board the President Harding in New York s harbor on the way to Philadelphia picture Jewish refugees on the ship St Louis in the Belgium port of Antwerp 17 June 1939 picture German Jews flee Nazism 1938 1939 slideshow On 1 September 1939 Germany invades Poland and occupies Danzig World War Two has begun picture On 1 September German troops attack and invade Poland picture German forces enter Warsaw in late September 1939 slideshow Jews being humiliated in Warsaw 1940 picture In April 1940 Germany attacks Denmark and Norway in Operation Weserübung 1940 1942 The German invasion May 1940 Germany invades The Netherlands Belgium and France Registration of the Jews is the first step taken in isolating them As a Jew Otto is no longer allowed to own a business so he appoints Jo Kleiman as director 1940 1942 The German invasion 1940 After May 1940 the good times were few and far between first there was the war then the capitulation and then the arrival of the Germans which is when the trouble started for the Jews Anne Frank picture Anne Frank 10 years old May 1940 slideshow Germany attacks the Netherlands Belgium and France picture German parachutists during the attack on the Netherlands May 1940 picture Two days after the invasion of the Netherlands German SS soldiers reach the Grebbeberg picture Burning street in Rotterdam 14 may 1940 picture German troops receive a warm welcome from Dutch Nazis as they enter Amsterdam 16 May 1940 picture The devastated centre of Rotterdam 23 May 1940 picture German Jews who have fled from Nazi Germany are arrested after the invasion of the Netherlands picture Adolf Hitler with his staff May or June 1940 picture Adolf Hitler in Paris June 23 1940 picture A couple in a sandcastle decorated with swastika pennants and banners around 1940 picture Margot left and Anne Frank on the beach at Zandvoort in the Netherlands August 1940 picture Anne Frank with a dog in Laren The Netherlands The caption says Anne with Isa s dog Dopy picture Anne Frank left and her friend Hanneli Goslar on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam picture Anne Frank with her teacher and two fellow pupils at the 6th Montessori School in Amsterdam picture St Paul s Cathedral during the Blitz Sunday 29 December 1940 play movie Jetteke Frijda talks about her father s fear of being arrested picture Warning about British bombers 1941 picture Victor Kugler with Bep Miep and Esther and Pien in the Opekta office picture Anne second from left ice skating with friends picture Anne Frank at the Sixth Montessori School Amsterdam slideshow Arresting Jews in Amsterdam 22 and 23 February 1941 picture Striking tram conductors and drivers in Amsterdam 25 February 1941 picture The Greek front picture The fair in Scheveningen May 1941 Nothing changes much for the Dutch during the first months of the German occupation picture Bernd Elias left Anne Frank s cousin ice dancing dressed as a clown in Switzerland picture Anne Frank 11 years old May 1941 picture Amsterdam civil servants produce a precise overview of Jewish dwellings in the city for the German occupiers slideshow Signs designating the Jewish Quarter in Amsterdam picture Banner stating V Victory because Germany wins for Europe on all fronts picture Winston Churchill makes his famous V for Victory sign picture A photograph of the Frank family taken on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam May 1941 movie Anne Frank filmed play picture Miep and Jan Gies wedding day picture Hanneli Goslar holding her baby sister Gabi Amsterdam 1941 picture The railway carriage in which Germany signed the ceasefire declaration with France in June 1940 is paraded in Berlin slideshow Signs appear in the Netherlands saying Forbidden for Jews or Jews Not Wanted picture Operation Barbarossa On 22 June 1941 the German Armed Forces attack the Soviet Union picture German troops marching through a burning Russian village 26 June 1941 picture Margot Frank left Ellen During second left and other friends picture Anne Frank with three friends Beekbergen summer 1941 picture Jewish men women and children in a camp in Stuttgart The Nazis deport them to Riga where most of them are killed slideshow Einsatzgruppen special divisions active behind the German lines in Eastern Europe shoot more than a million Jews picture Burning American warships after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Naval Base Hawaii 7 December 1941 1942 picture A call up for the German SS army In the Netherlands around 22 thousand volunteers joined picture A Japanese soldier looks on as the oil refinery at Palembang in the Dutch East Indies burns picture From 3 May 1942 it was compulsory for all Jews to wear a yellow badge on their clothes picture The surrender of the Dutch East Indies to the Japanese at Kalidjati military airport slideshow The deportation of Jewish inhabitants of Eisenach play movie Sol Kimel remembers wearing the Jewish Star play movie Jetteke Frijda remembers wearing the Jewish Star picture American prisoners of war during the Bataan Death March picture Anne Frank 12 years old May 1942 picture The first page of the diary which Anne Frank receives for her thirteenth birthday on 12 June 1942 1942 1944 The hiding place Margot s call up to report for work duty speeds up plans to go into hiding in Otto s business premises His employees are responsible for the family s and their friends well being in the secret annex Allied gains give those in hiding hope of liberation 1942 1944 The hiding place 1942 Not being able to go outside upsets me more than I can say and I m terrified our hiding place will be discovered and that we ll be shot Anne Frank picture Margot Frank receives a call up for work duty and the Franks go into hiding slideshow Otto Frank s business premises on the Prinsengracht in Amsterdam picture The hiding place picture The moveable bookcase which conceals the door to the secret annex slideshow Photographs of the interior of the secret annex picture Otto Frank one of the 8 people in hiding picture Edith Frank his wife picture Their daughter Anne Frank picture Her older sister Margot Frank picture Hermann van Pels Otto Frank s business partner picture His wife Auguste van Pels picture Their son Peter van Pels picture Fritz Pfeffer the dentist picture The people in hiding kill time during the day by eating sleeping studying and reading picture Nazi supporters paint the slogan Holland for Hitler on the wall of the Herengracht canal in Amsterdam picture July 1942 the first Jews to be deported to extermination camps in Poland wait in the courtyard of the Dutch Theater in Amsterdam picture Children from the Lodz Ghetto are deported to the Chelmno extermination camp slideshow The battle for Stalingrad 27 October 1942 picture American troops land in Algeria on 9 November 1942 during the Allied invasion of North Africa 1943 picture SS General Rauter gives a speech announcing that from 1 May 1943 all remaining Jews will be removed from the Netherlands picture Children wearing the Jewish Star in a playground in Amsterdam In the background the empty stalls of the Jewish market picture Captured German and Rumanian soldiers after their defeat near Stalingrad 31 January 1943 picture Members of the Zionist resistance group Chug Halutzi in the Berlin Grunewald 1943 picture The Civil Registration Office Amsterdam after an attempt by the resistance to destroy personal records 27 March 1943 picture Bombers flying low over the rooftops of Amsterdam on the way to their target picture A British bomber crashes into the Carlton Hotel in Amsterdam Anne writes about this in her diary The Carlton Hotel has been destroyed Two British planes loaded with firebombs landed right on top of the German Officers Club Anne Frank picture Notice for all citizens of South Amsterdam to hand in radios and other receivers by order of the SS and Police slideshow A raid in Amsterdam on 26 May 1943 3 000 Jews are deported via Westerbork transit camp to the extermination camps picture Jewish children waiting with their parents to be deported to the Westerbork transit camp 25 or 26 May 1943 picture Bells confiscated by the Nazis for the weapons industry are transported by water in Amsterdam picture The allies land in Sicily 10 July 1943 picture Makin Atoll Gilbert Islands During the War in the Pacific fighting goes from island to island play movie Joop van Wijk about how Bep Voskuijl was almost caught 1944 picture The food situation gets dramatically worse in 1944 Some of the meals in the Secret Annex are simply disgusting nothing s worse than being caught Anne Frank picture On 11 April the warehouse is broken into for the second time The people in hiding spend a fearful night picture US soldier ordering a Japanese sniper concealed inside a log to surrender Aitape Dutch East Indies April 1944 picture German officers on the platform at the Westerbork transit camp in May 1944 The train to Auschwitz is ready to depart slideshow An arrival of Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz Birkenau May or June 1944 is meticulously documented by SS photographers There is no doubt that this is probably the greatest and most horrible single crime ever committed in the whole history of the world Winston Churchill picture BBC newsreader John Snagge announces the news of the Allied invasion of France with the words D Day has come picture Otto Frank has hung a map of Normandy on the wall He marks with pins how far the allied forces have advanced picture British soldiers landing on the coast of Normandy during D Day on 6 June 1944 picture Young soldiers of the SS armoured division Hitler Youth in France 1943 1944 Many of them were killed picture After an attempted assassination attack Hitler shows Mussolini the destruction in his headquarters 20 July 1944 1944 1945 The Arrest Betrayal leads to the arrest of those in hiding and they are all deported to extermination camps Kleiman and Kugler are punished with imprisonment for their role as helpers while Miep and Bep remain behind and wait 1944 1945 The Arrest 1944 When the Gestapo came in with their guns that was the end of everything Otto Frank picture On 4 August 1944 the one thing the people in hiding have been afraid of for so long finally happens they re discovered and arrested picture Willy Lages head of the Security Services looking out of his office window at the Headquarters in Amsterdam picture The people in hiding and the two male helpers are arrested and taken for interrogation to a German run prison picture Prisoners being marched to Amersfoort work and concentration camp picture On 8 August 1944 the 8 occupants of the Secret Annex are taken by train from Amsterdam Central Station to the Westerbork transit camp picture A Dutch poster announcing the bombing of Berlin as if it is a football match between England and Germany picture Germany has to fight in the west the east and the south picture An air raid attack on Berlin by the Allied Forces August 1944 picture An American bombing raid on Auschwitz in August 1944 The attack is on the factories not the camp or the railway lines picture French civilians in Brittany throw flowers at American liberators in August 1944 picture American soldiers marching down the Champs Elysées after the liberation of Paris picture The people in hiding are deported to Auschwitz picture Aerial photo of Auschwitz 13 September 1944 picture People in Eindhoven celebrate their freedom on 20 September picture Gliders with paratroopers on their way to Arnhem during Operation Market Garden picture 1st Allied Airborne Army paratroopers landing near Arnhem during Operation Market Garden in September 1944 picture Hermann van Pels is incapable of doing the hard labour in Auschwitz He is gassed in September 1944 picture German prisoners of war in Walcheren Zeeland 31 October 1944 picture As the Russians approach Auschwitz large groups of prisoners are moved to other camps Among them are Auguste van Pels Fritz Pfeffer and Anne and Margot picture In October 1944 Fritz Pfeffer is moved to the Neuengamme concentration camp Pfeffer dies in the sick bay on 20 December 1945 picture The Hunger Winter 1944 1945 Wood is taken from the tram rail to burn as fuel picture Auschwitz prisoners in Kolin Czechoslovakia on 24 January 1945 after evacuation of the camp picture In January 1945 Peter van Pels is moved from Auschwitz to Mauthausen a journey of about 600 kilometers picture Edith Frank witnesses her children leave Auschwitz and becomes ill She dies of exhaustion in January 1945 picture During the final days of Auschwitz Birkenau the SS set fire to warehouses of plundered property and records offices picture U S Task Force liberates Venlo Holland picture Allied POW s at Stalag VIIIB in Germany take advantage of a summer thunderstorm to have a wash picture The city of Dresden is destroyed during four Allied bombing raids in February 1945 picture Margot Frank dies in concentration camp Bergen Belsen from typhus in February 1945 picture Warning signs for typhus near the liberated concentration camp of Bergen Belsen April 1945 picture Liberated prisoners in a hut at the Bergen Belsen concentration camp April 1945 picture Fighting in the streets of Arnhem 14 april 1945 picture Survivors in the Bergen Belsen concentration camp shortly after their liberation by the British army on 15 April 1945 picture Canadian Infantry troops moving through and liberating the east of the Netherlands in April 1945 picture A resistance attack on a German army vehicle seriously wounds Hanns Rauter Head of the SS and the Police in the Netherlands picture German refugees flee from advancing Soviet troops in the spring of 1945 picture The ruins of cafe Hauptwache in Frankfurt am Main April May 1945 picture German prisoners of war at the Brandenburg Gate April May 1945 picture Peter van Pels dies of exhaustion in concentration camp Mauthausen in Austria on 5 May 1945 picture Auguste van Pels dies somewhere in Germany or Czechoslovakia between April 9th and May 8th 1945 1945 1948 Otto returns Germany surrenders the war ends and Europe is free but in ruins Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picks up the threads of his life and mourns for his family He is not the only one gradually the scale of the mass murder of the Jews becomes clear 1945 1948 Otto returns 1945 They were good people We did not care if they were communists or not We were not concerned with politics we were concerned about our liberation Otto Frank picture Otto Frank sole survivor picture Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picture Hitler is dead play movie General Dwight D Eisenhower after the German capitulation in Reims picture Dutch children celebrating the liberation of Velp Netherlands with an English soldier 16 April 1945 picture Newspaper headlines announce Victory in Europe VE Day after the defeat of Nazi Germany picture Canadian troops during liberation celebrations in the Netherlands picture Girl paying the penalty for having had a relationship with a German soldier picture Jewish children on their way to Palestine after having been released from the Buchenwald Concentration Camp picture Survivors returning at Amsterdam Central Station picture Ernestine van Witsen Weinberg returns from Bergen Belsen Amsterdam Central Station slideshow Abandoned Jewish homes picture Otto Frank with the helpers who also survived the war We looked at each other There were no words He was thin but he d always been thin He carried a little bundle My eyes swam My heart melted Suddenly I was afraid to know more I didn t want to know what had happened I knew I would not ask Miep Gies picture Otto Frank places an advertisement in the newspaper trying to trace his daughters picture Lessons in a Baby Camp an American re education camp picture After its capitulation Germany is occupied by four of its former enemies picture Top Nazis in the dock during the first Nuremberg Trial slideshow Citizens of Burgsteinfurt watching a film about concentration camps Bergen Belsen and Buchenwald picture Kamikaze pilot attacks a US battleship picture The mushroom cloud above Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy the world s first atomic bomb picture The Fat Man mushroom cloud resulting from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki on 9 August 1945 I realize the tragic significance of the atomic bomb It is an awful responsibility We thank God that it has come to us instead of to our enemies and we pray that He may guide us to use it in His ways and for His purposes US President Harry S Truman picture The Japanese capitulate to

    Original URL path: http://www.annefrankhuis.nl/en/Subsites/Timeline/World-War-Two-1939-1945/The-German-invasion/1942/The-deportation-of-Jewish-inhabitants-of-Eisenach-on-9-May-1942/ (2015-08-09)
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  • 1942 - American POWs
    synagogue in Bielefeld during Kristallnacht picture The synagogue in Rostock burning on 10 November 1938 picture Passers by in front of Jewish owned shops in Berlin destroyed during Kristallnacht 10 November 1938 play movie Jewish refugees from Germany being cared for in Amsterdam by the Committee for Jewish Refugees picture The waiting room of the Jewish Relief Organisation in Berlin which helps those Jews wanting to leave Germany picture Between 1933 and 1938 Germany builds several concentration camps picture Visitors at the Degenerate Music exhibition during the Reich Music Festival in Düsseldorf picture Parade of the Wehrmacht picture Fritz Pfeffer and his fiancée Charlotte Kaletta flee from Berlin to Amsterdam in December 1938 picture English call up to boycott German products 1939 picture Anne Frank 9 years old May 1939 picture Fritz Pfeffer and Charlotte Kaletta on a boat trip to Harderwijk picture Hitler Youth banners around 1939 picture A birthday cake made for Adolf Hitler being handed out to children in Berlin Mitte 20 April 1939 picture Grandmother Holländer s passport In March 1939 she moves to Amsterdam to live with her daughter Edith Frank picture Winston Churchill makes an emphatic speech about recruitment to the armed forces in April 1939 in London picture Austrian Jewish refugees on board the President Harding in New York s harbor on the way to Philadelphia picture Jewish refugees on the ship St Louis in the Belgium port of Antwerp 17 June 1939 picture German Jews flee Nazism 1938 1939 slideshow On 1 September 1939 Germany invades Poland and occupies Danzig World War Two has begun picture On 1 September German troops attack and invade Poland picture German forces enter Warsaw in late September 1939 slideshow Jews being humiliated in Warsaw 1940 picture In April 1940 Germany attacks Denmark and Norway in Operation Weserübung 1940 1942 The German invasion May 1940 Germany invades The Netherlands Belgium and France Registration of the Jews is the first step taken in isolating them As a Jew Otto is no longer allowed to own a business so he appoints Jo Kleiman as director 1940 1942 The German invasion 1940 After May 1940 the good times were few and far between first there was the war then the capitulation and then the arrival of the Germans which is when the trouble started for the Jews Anne Frank picture Anne Frank 10 years old May 1940 slideshow Germany attacks the Netherlands Belgium and France picture German parachutists during the attack on the Netherlands May 1940 picture Two days after the invasion of the Netherlands German SS soldiers reach the Grebbeberg picture Burning street in Rotterdam 14 may 1940 picture German troops receive a warm welcome from Dutch Nazis as they enter Amsterdam 16 May 1940 picture The devastated centre of Rotterdam 23 May 1940 picture German Jews who have fled from Nazi Germany are arrested after the invasion of the Netherlands picture Adolf Hitler with his staff May or June 1940 picture Adolf Hitler in Paris June 23 1940 picture A couple in a sandcastle decorated with swastika pennants and banners around 1940 picture Margot left and Anne Frank on the beach at Zandvoort in the Netherlands August 1940 picture Anne Frank with a dog in Laren The Netherlands The caption says Anne with Isa s dog Dopy picture Anne Frank left and her friend Hanneli Goslar on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam picture Anne Frank with her teacher and two fellow pupils at the 6th Montessori School in Amsterdam picture St Paul s Cathedral during the Blitz Sunday 29 December 1940 play movie Jetteke Frijda talks about her father s fear of being arrested picture Warning about British bombers 1941 picture Victor Kugler with Bep Miep and Esther and Pien in the Opekta office picture Anne second from left ice skating with friends picture Anne Frank at the Sixth Montessori School Amsterdam slideshow Arresting Jews in Amsterdam 22 and 23 February 1941 picture Striking tram conductors and drivers in Amsterdam 25 February 1941 picture The Greek front picture The fair in Scheveningen May 1941 Nothing changes much for the Dutch during the first months of the German occupation picture Bernd Elias left Anne Frank s cousin ice dancing dressed as a clown in Switzerland picture Anne Frank 11 years old May 1941 picture Amsterdam civil servants produce a precise overview of Jewish dwellings in the city for the German occupiers slideshow Signs designating the Jewish Quarter in Amsterdam picture Banner stating V Victory because Germany wins for Europe on all fronts picture Winston Churchill makes his famous V for Victory sign picture A photograph of the Frank family taken on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam May 1941 movie Anne Frank filmed play picture Miep and Jan Gies wedding day picture Hanneli Goslar holding her baby sister Gabi Amsterdam 1941 picture The railway carriage in which Germany signed the ceasefire declaration with France in June 1940 is paraded in Berlin slideshow Signs appear in the Netherlands saying Forbidden for Jews or Jews Not Wanted picture Operation Barbarossa On 22 June 1941 the German Armed Forces attack the Soviet Union picture German troops marching through a burning Russian village 26 June 1941 picture Margot Frank left Ellen During second left and other friends picture Anne Frank with three friends Beekbergen summer 1941 picture Jewish men women and children in a camp in Stuttgart The Nazis deport them to Riga where most of them are killed slideshow Einsatzgruppen special divisions active behind the German lines in Eastern Europe shoot more than a million Jews picture Burning American warships after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Naval Base Hawaii 7 December 1941 1942 picture A call up for the German SS army In the Netherlands around 22 thousand volunteers joined picture A Japanese soldier looks on as the oil refinery at Palembang in the Dutch East Indies burns picture From 3 May 1942 it was compulsory for all Jews to wear a yellow badge on their clothes picture The surrender of the Dutch East Indies to the Japanese at Kalidjati military airport slideshow The deportation of Jewish inhabitants of Eisenach play movie Sol Kimel remembers wearing the Jewish Star play movie Jetteke Frijda remembers wearing the Jewish Star picture American prisoners of war during the Bataan Death March picture Anne Frank 12 years old May 1942 picture The first page of the diary which Anne Frank receives for her thirteenth birthday on 12 June 1942 1942 1944 The hiding place Margot s call up to report for work duty speeds up plans to go into hiding in Otto s business premises His employees are responsible for the family s and their friends well being in the secret annex Allied gains give those in hiding hope of liberation 1942 1944 The hiding place 1942 Not being able to go outside upsets me more than I can say and I m terrified our hiding place will be discovered and that we ll be shot Anne Frank picture Margot Frank receives a call up for work duty and the Franks go into hiding slideshow Otto Frank s business premises on the Prinsengracht in Amsterdam picture The hiding place picture The moveable bookcase which conceals the door to the secret annex slideshow Photographs of the interior of the secret annex picture Otto Frank one of the 8 people in hiding picture Edith Frank his wife picture Their daughter Anne Frank picture Her older sister Margot Frank picture Hermann van Pels Otto Frank s business partner picture His wife Auguste van Pels picture Their son Peter van Pels picture Fritz Pfeffer the dentist picture The people in hiding kill time during the day by eating sleeping studying and reading picture Nazi supporters paint the slogan Holland for Hitler on the wall of the Herengracht canal in Amsterdam picture July 1942 the first Jews to be deported to extermination camps in Poland wait in the courtyard of the Dutch Theater in Amsterdam picture Children from the Lodz Ghetto are deported to the Chelmno extermination camp slideshow The battle for Stalingrad 27 October 1942 picture American troops land in Algeria on 9 November 1942 during the Allied invasion of North Africa 1943 picture SS General Rauter gives a speech announcing that from 1 May 1943 all remaining Jews will be removed from the Netherlands picture Children wearing the Jewish Star in a playground in Amsterdam In the background the empty stalls of the Jewish market picture Captured German and Rumanian soldiers after their defeat near Stalingrad 31 January 1943 picture Members of the Zionist resistance group Chug Halutzi in the Berlin Grunewald 1943 picture The Civil Registration Office Amsterdam after an attempt by the resistance to destroy personal records 27 March 1943 picture Bombers flying low over the rooftops of Amsterdam on the way to their target picture A British bomber crashes into the Carlton Hotel in Amsterdam Anne writes about this in her diary The Carlton Hotel has been destroyed Two British planes loaded with firebombs landed right on top of the German Officers Club Anne Frank picture Notice for all citizens of South Amsterdam to hand in radios and other receivers by order of the SS and Police slideshow A raid in Amsterdam on 26 May 1943 3 000 Jews are deported via Westerbork transit camp to the extermination camps picture Jewish children waiting with their parents to be deported to the Westerbork transit camp 25 or 26 May 1943 picture Bells confiscated by the Nazis for the weapons industry are transported by water in Amsterdam picture The allies land in Sicily 10 July 1943 picture Makin Atoll Gilbert Islands During the War in the Pacific fighting goes from island to island play movie Joop van Wijk about how Bep Voskuijl was almost caught 1944 picture The food situation gets dramatically worse in 1944 Some of the meals in the Secret Annex are simply disgusting nothing s worse than being caught Anne Frank picture On 11 April the warehouse is broken into for the second time The people in hiding spend a fearful night picture US soldier ordering a Japanese sniper concealed inside a log to surrender Aitape Dutch East Indies April 1944 picture German officers on the platform at the Westerbork transit camp in May 1944 The train to Auschwitz is ready to depart slideshow An arrival of Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz Birkenau May or June 1944 is meticulously documented by SS photographers There is no doubt that this is probably the greatest and most horrible single crime ever committed in the whole history of the world Winston Churchill picture BBC newsreader John Snagge announces the news of the Allied invasion of France with the words D Day has come picture Otto Frank has hung a map of Normandy on the wall He marks with pins how far the allied forces have advanced picture British soldiers landing on the coast of Normandy during D Day on 6 June 1944 picture Young soldiers of the SS armoured division Hitler Youth in France 1943 1944 Many of them were killed picture After an attempted assassination attack Hitler shows Mussolini the destruction in his headquarters 20 July 1944 1944 1945 The Arrest Betrayal leads to the arrest of those in hiding and they are all deported to extermination camps Kleiman and Kugler are punished with imprisonment for their role as helpers while Miep and Bep remain behind and wait 1944 1945 The Arrest 1944 When the Gestapo came in with their guns that was the end of everything Otto Frank picture On 4 August 1944 the one thing the people in hiding have been afraid of for so long finally happens they re discovered and arrested picture Willy Lages head of the Security Services looking out of his office window at the Headquarters in Amsterdam picture The people in hiding and the two male helpers are arrested and taken for interrogation to a German run prison picture Prisoners being marched to Amersfoort work and concentration camp picture On 8 August 1944 the 8 occupants of the Secret Annex are taken by train from Amsterdam Central Station to the Westerbork transit camp picture A Dutch poster announcing the bombing of Berlin as if it is a football match between England and Germany picture Germany has to fight in the west the east and the south picture An air raid attack on Berlin by the Allied Forces August 1944 picture An American bombing raid on Auschwitz in August 1944 The attack is on the factories not the camp or the railway lines picture French civilians in Brittany throw flowers at American liberators in August 1944 picture American soldiers marching down the Champs Elysées after the liberation of Paris picture The people in hiding are deported to Auschwitz picture Aerial photo of Auschwitz 13 September 1944 picture People in Eindhoven celebrate their freedom on 20 September picture Gliders with paratroopers on their way to Arnhem during Operation Market Garden picture 1st Allied Airborne Army paratroopers landing near Arnhem during Operation Market Garden in September 1944 picture Hermann van Pels is incapable of doing the hard labour in Auschwitz He is gassed in September 1944 picture German prisoners of war in Walcheren Zeeland 31 October 1944 picture As the Russians approach Auschwitz large groups of prisoners are moved to other camps Among them are Auguste van Pels Fritz Pfeffer and Anne and Margot picture In October 1944 Fritz Pfeffer is moved to the Neuengamme concentration camp Pfeffer dies in the sick bay on 20 December 1945 picture The Hunger Winter 1944 1945 Wood is taken from the tram rail to burn as fuel picture Auschwitz prisoners in Kolin Czechoslovakia on 24 January 1945 after evacuation of the camp picture In January 1945 Peter van Pels is moved from Auschwitz to Mauthausen a journey of about 600 kilometers picture Edith Frank witnesses her children leave Auschwitz and becomes ill She dies of exhaustion in January 1945 picture During the final days of Auschwitz Birkenau the SS set fire to warehouses of plundered property and records offices picture U S Task Force liberates Venlo Holland picture Allied POW s at Stalag VIIIB in Germany take advantage of a summer thunderstorm to have a wash picture The city of Dresden is destroyed during four Allied bombing raids in February 1945 picture Margot Frank dies in concentration camp Bergen Belsen from typhus in February 1945 picture Warning signs for typhus near the liberated concentration camp of Bergen Belsen April 1945 picture Liberated prisoners in a hut at the Bergen Belsen concentration camp April 1945 picture Fighting in the streets of Arnhem 14 april 1945 picture Survivors in the Bergen Belsen concentration camp shortly after their liberation by the British army on 15 April 1945 picture Canadian Infantry troops moving through and liberating the east of the Netherlands in April 1945 picture A resistance attack on a German army vehicle seriously wounds Hanns Rauter Head of the SS and the Police in the Netherlands picture German refugees flee from advancing Soviet troops in the spring of 1945 picture The ruins of cafe Hauptwache in Frankfurt am Main April May 1945 picture German prisoners of war at the Brandenburg Gate April May 1945 picture Peter van Pels dies of exhaustion in concentration camp Mauthausen in Austria on 5 May 1945 picture Auguste van Pels dies somewhere in Germany or Czechoslovakia between April 9th and May 8th 1945 1945 1948 Otto returns Germany surrenders the war ends and Europe is free but in ruins Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picks up the threads of his life and mourns for his family He is not the only one gradually the scale of the mass murder of the Jews becomes clear 1945 1948 Otto returns 1945 They were good people We did not care if they were communists or not We were not concerned with politics we were concerned about our liberation Otto Frank picture Otto Frank sole survivor picture Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam picture Hitler is dead play movie General Dwight D Eisenhower after the German capitulation in Reims picture Dutch children celebrating the liberation of Velp Netherlands with an English soldier 16 April 1945 picture Newspaper headlines announce Victory in Europe VE Day after the defeat of Nazi Germany picture Canadian troops during liberation celebrations in the Netherlands picture Girl paying the penalty for having had a relationship with a German soldier picture Jewish children on their way to Palestine after having been released from the Buchenwald Concentration Camp picture Survivors returning at Amsterdam Central Station picture Ernestine van Witsen Weinberg returns from Bergen Belsen Amsterdam Central Station slideshow Abandoned Jewish homes picture Otto Frank with the helpers who also survived the war We looked at each other There were no words He was thin but he d always been thin He carried a little bundle My eyes swam My heart melted Suddenly I was afraid to know more I didn t want to know what had happened I knew I would not ask Miep Gies picture Otto Frank places an advertisement in the newspaper trying to trace his daughters picture Lessons in a Baby Camp an American re education camp picture After its capitulation Germany is occupied by four of its former enemies picture Top Nazis in the dock during the first Nuremberg Trial slideshow Citizens of Burgsteinfurt watching a film about concentration camps Bergen Belsen and Buchenwald picture Kamikaze pilot attacks a US battleship picture The mushroom cloud above Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy the world s first atomic bomb picture The Fat Man mushroom cloud resulting from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki on 9 August 1945 I realize the tragic significance of the atomic bomb It is an awful responsibility We thank God that it has come to us instead of to our enemies and we pray that He may guide us to use it in His ways and for His purposes US President Harry S Truman picture The Japanese capitulate to the USA on the

    Original URL path: http://www.annefrankhuis.nl/en/Subsites/Timeline/World-War-Two-1939-1945/The-German-invasion/1942/American-prisoners-of-war-during-The-March-of-Death-the-forcible-transfer-of-POWs-by-the-Japanese-/ (2015-08-09)
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