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  • Anne Frank's Amsterdam
    the Koco ice cream parlour in the Rijnstraat picture Dutch soldiers walking over the Dam picture Air raid shelter on the Amsteldijk text Boris Kowadlo The ridicule hour Boris receives a letter from his brother Artsie who has fled to Bialystok in Russia Artsie writes about the ridicule hour picture The Nightwatch painting is moved as precautionary measure picture The NSB wins three seats in local elections picture The Netherlands refuse Jewish refugees 1940 Amsterdam occupied Nothing changes too much for the Frank family in the beginning Opekta moves to the Prinsengracht During air raids bombs cause death and injury in Amsterdam 1940 Amsterdam occupied 1940 When we got to IJmuiden the last boat had just left port Lydia Oorthuys picture Boris Kowadlo I heard shooting at the airport play movie Laureen Klein We saw Schiphiol being bombed from out of our window picture Hélène Egger The war had started but I didn t really care picture Cas Oorthuys A direct hit on the Herengracht picture Clouds of smoke above the River IJ play movie Martha van Collem Every two minutes a siren went off picture Boris Kowadlo Harmless books were burnt too picture Truus Wijsmuller helps 73 children escape to England picture Paula Bakker Days in May slideshow German soldiers on the Berlage Bridge picture SS troops on the Dam picture Occupiers in the city text Boris Kowadlo The people are angry It was afternoon in Amsterdam when we got the message that Holland had surrendered people were very disappointed when they heard that the Royal Family and the government had fled to England play movie Joop Zoutberg When the Germans came in May 1940 they seemed to be proper men picture The Raadhuisstraat picture The Netherlands blacked out picture In June 1940 the German police arrest German Jewish immigrants picture A battalion of German soldiers march through the Sarphatistraat picture The first anti Jewish measures picture Jewish ritual slaughter is forbidden 5 August 1940 picture WA members destroy a Sabbath pole on the Zeeburgerdijk picture Bombs fall on Amsterdam picture Fighting between the WA and Jews on the Amstelveld picture It doesn t seem like there s a war going on slideshow Seven people are killed when bombs fall on the Rechtboomsloot picture Two people are killed when bombs fall on the Urkstraat picture Otto Frank Opekta moves to the Prinsengracht 263 play movie The WA marches through Amsterdam 1941 Jews allowed to do and less It starts with a cinema ban but rapidly Jews are banned from virtually all public places Jewish children must attend separate schools This also applies to Anne and Margot Frank 1941 Jews allowed to do and less 1941 We weren t allowed to go to many places anymore Hélène Egger picture Anne on skates picture An air raid shelter under the bridge by the Westermarkt on the corner of the Keizersgracht picture Puppet show on the Dam picture Cinemas are forbidden for Jews picture Members of the WA attack Caliënte dance hall picture The WA provokes brawls on the Rembrandtplein picture New windows for Café De Kroon on the Rembrandtplein picture Members of the WA destroy Café Alcazar on the Thorbeckeplein slideshow Brawls in the Jewish neighborhood picture German sentry post on the Blauwbrug picture The Aryanistion of Gerzon Fashion Store picture The Jewish Council is set up picture Shop windows smashed in the Jodenbreestraat picture Parade past the SS and SD offices on the Herengracht picture WA Member Koot is buried picture Entrance to the public air raid shelter on the Rokin picture Paula Bakker Good bad and in between picture Raid on the Koco ice cream parlour on the Van Woustraat picture The first raids picture Calls for the February Strike on the Noordermarkt text One of the owners of the Koco ice cream parlour is executed It is the first execution in the Netherlands during the Second World War picture The monument to Herman Heijermans in the Leidsche Bosje is torn down text Leendert Schijveschuurder a communist and a Jew is executed on 6 March 1941 Just prior to this Schijveschuurder is caught posting bills calling for a strike on 6 March play audio Seyss Inquart gives a speech in the Concertgebouw picture The Song of the Eighteen Dead picture NSB member Tulp becomes Chief Commissioner of the police force slideshow Signs designate Amsterdam s Jewish quarter picture Overview of the distribution of Jews in Amsterdam picture Horse drawn taxis at the Central Station picture Three hundred Jews across the city arrested picture Announcement of the death of Arnold Heilbut picture Bomb damage in the Von Zesenstraat picture Seyss Inquart gives a speech at a meeting held on the grounds of the Ice Skating Club picture The last family photo picture Miep and Jan Gies marry in the townhall on the Oudezijds Voorburgwal picture No sport for Margot picture Tuschinski on fire picture Carnation Day resistance by the Dutch population play movie Anne filmed picture Opening of the Police Battalion barracks on the Cornelius Troostplein picture A bomb damage on the Noorder Amstellaan picture Anne at the Jewish school picture Jews are banned from public places picture Lippmann Rosenthal Co opens on the Sarphatistraat picture All over the city Forbidden for Jews signs appear picture A sign with Judenstrasse Jewish Street near to the Nieuwe Kerkstraat picture Hélène Egger We weren t allowed to go to many places anymore picture Special markets for Jews picture Parool worker Arie Addicks is executed picture A German banner on the palace picture The Jewish Symphony Orchestra gives the opening concert in the Jewish Theatre picture Hélène Egger Saturday was a nice day It was Sabbath 1942 It becomes more dangerous for Jews On her thirteenth birthday Anne Frank receives a diary A few days later she writes about the situation in Amsterdam The introduction of the Jewish star and the raids In July the Frank family goes into hiding 1942 It becomes more dangerous for Jews 1942 One day Greetje had gone She had left the Schouwburg Disappeared As if she had never been there Lydia Riezouw picture Bomb attack on Het Bolwerk in the Kalverstraat picture All the Forbidden for Jews signs replaced picture Anne Frank A home cinema picture Cas Oorthuys Taking photographs all over the country picture A Jewish diamond dealer is searched picture Jewish men leave for work camps from the Amstel Station picture The courtyard at the Hollandsche Schouwburg picture Jewish Quarter picture Daubed shopfront in the Vijzelstraat picture The NSB shows its affiliation with Nazi Germany picture Hélène Egger Everybody looked at it After the introduction of the Jewish star the raids really started Neighbours and friends received their papers to report After the curfew roads were closed off and the bridges opened Joop Zoutberg picture Heinrich Himmler on the Museumplein play movie Film party at Anne s picture A rare photo of Peter van Pels picture A British plane comes down on the Noorderakerweg text Antisemitic complaints about an ice cream parlour picture A diary for Anne picture Jewish market opened on the Minervaplein picture Anne Frank Forbidden for Jews play movie Laureen Klein The first call ups came at the end of the school year picture The Office for Jewish Affairs in the Nieuwe Doelenstraat picture The Franks go into hiding picture Jews are called up to work in Germany picture Boris Kowadlo I didn t hesitate about going play movie Anne to Switzerland play movie Helpers in the office picture Raid in the Waterlooplein and Nieuwmarkt area picture Joop Zoutberg The raids start play movie Otto Treumann Escape from arrest slideshow A Jewish postage stamp trader shows his papers picture Amsterdam Jews have to hand in their bicycles picture Saved from the Schouwburg As soon as I went inside I knew something terrible had happened There was no scenery on the stage and it looked as if there had been a burglary Actress Silvia Grohs slideshow Last seen in the Hollandsche Schouwburg picture Hélène Egger We received a couple of postcards from Julius from the Hollandsche Schouwburg slideshow Streets with Jewish names are renamed picture Joop Zoutberg Like rats in a trap text Empty houses in the Transvaal neighbourhood are given to Jewish families picture Hélène Egger I thought you only went into hiding if you were afraid picture Anne Frank The English radio says they re being gassed picture Cas Oorthuys A house full of people in hiding picture Jewish employees from the Hollandia Factory on Kattenburg are deported picture Paula Bakker Hartog Frank picture Anne Frank Sad news from the outside world picture Nol Escher Where have the people gone to Miep told us that they were dragging Jews from house after house again in South Amsterdam Anne Frank picture Joop Zoutberg People in hiding next to the matzo factory play movie Hilde Jacobsthal Warning about German raids picture Esther Obstfeld celebrates Hanukkah in her hiding place text Anne Frank Hostages shot dead On 16 November the Dutch newspapers reveal that 15 hostages have been shot by the Nazis Anne writes about this in her diary 1943 Deportations and attacks While the Frank family is in hiding thousands of Jews are deported from Amsterdam The resistance tries to hinder the deportations by attacks including one on the Public Registry It doesn t stop them 1943 Deportations and attacks 1943 as the reports from outside grow worse and worse the radio with its wondrous voice helps us not to lose heart Anne Frank picture Jewish children in The Crèche opposite the Hollandsche Schouwburg play movie Hilde Jacobsthal Saving Jewish children via the crèche picture The Hollandsche Schouwburg was never intended for so many people picture SS shop window on the Dam picture The Rembrandt Theatre is set on fire play movie Otto Treumann Stay quiet as a mouse picture All clubs in Amsterdam are closed temporarily text Joop Zoutberg Here my marbles they re for you Femma Koekoek was the best marble player in the whole street She always won and she had the best marbles She was the same age as me but a bit smaller a Jewish girl with long dark hair picture A Jewish student tries to assassinate Attorney General J Feitsma picture Fires burn in the Gewestelijk Arbeidsbureau on the Passeerdersgracht picture Joop Zoutberg Mrs Feitsma couldn t leave Japie behind picture Nol Escher Three stars and four ordinary children picture A meeting of fascists in Hotel Krasnapolski picture Nol Escher Has he gone into hiding picture Hélène Egger I looked like a girl from the Jeugdstorm picture National Socialists on the Museumplein picture Hélène Egger I went from hell to heaven picture The occupier evacuates the Jewish Girls Orphanage on the Rapenburgerstraat picture Anne Frank Comfort in her father picture Residents of the Joodsche Invalide are removed picture Attack on the Public Records Offices on the Plantage Kerklaan The Register Office took an extra beating because the firemen flooded the whole building instead of just putting out the fire That does my heart good Anne Frank picture Cas Oorthuys At night you heard doors being kicked in picture Incendiary bombs fall on Amsterdam Oost slideshow Deported from the Panamakade picture Anne Frank Has nightmares about her thoughts play movie Ted Musaph The neighborhood is completely cut off picture A plane crashes behind the Carlton Hotel The entire corner of Vijzelstraat and Singel has gone up in flames The number of air strikes on German cities is increasing daily We haven t had a good night s rest in ages Anne writing about the crash near the Carlton Hotel picture Anne Frank A fierce dogfight text Four planes hit by anti aircraft guns One airplane crashes in the Van Bossestraat another on the Kometensingel and two crash by the Hembrug Nine people die and twelve are injured slideshow Massive deportations from the Jewish neighbourhood play movie Ted Musaph Going into hiding without parents picture Raid in the Rivierenbuurt play movie Ted Musaph Saved from deportation but nowhere to go text Anne Frank The radio as morale booster In July 1943 people living in the centre of Amsterdam have to hand in their radios Victor Kugler hands in the Opekta office radio picture Everyone must hand their radio in play movie Ted Musaph I didn t dare anymore picture House on the Palembangstraat is damaged by an anti aircraft rocket movie Martha van Collem All of South Amsterdam was cut off play picture Pauline van Waasdijk with her Jewish hidden baby Marijke whose real name is Ruth text Mixed marriage couples must relocate to the Transvaalbuurt picture The gasworks on the Linneauskade catches fire after being hit by a British bomb play movie Allied bombs fall near the Fokker factories picture Anne Frank Smouldering ruins in Amsterdam Noord picture The St Ritakerk takes a direct hit during mass picture Anne Frank Smoke rising from the harbour text An end to The Jewish Council Most of the Jews have been deported there is not enough work for the Council The Council s leaders and personnel are deported picture Paula Bakker Curfew picture Jopie Rood s house is plundered picture Fashion Store Hirsch Cie on the Leidseplein closes picture Norbert Klein is arrested and rescued from the Wilhelminagasthuis hospital play movie A familiar sound play movie Otto Treumann Resistance fighter set free picture Nol Escher I m one of the boys who had the most shrapnel picture Anything that damages the welfare of a healthy society should be purged play movie Otto Treumann Master forger in the resistance slideshow Hidden Jewish library discovered in the Grote Synagogue picture Cas Oorthuys A clergyman for a father picture Cas Oorthuys He entered the dark stairwell with a drawn pistol picture German soldiers marching through the Vondelstraat 1944 Discovered and arrested On 4 August the people in hiding in the secret annex are discovered and arrested From Westerbork they are taken to Auschwitz When the Allies land in the south of the Netherlands there is hope that the country will be liberated German soldiers and NSB members flee the country after Dolle Dinsdag Mad Tuesday 1944 Discovered and arrested 1944 The Allies arrive in Holland Boris Kowadlo text Signs with Jewish neighbourhood are taken down picture Paula Bakker Steenfatt picture German soldiers march into the Runstraat picture Anne Frank Shaking houses text Anne Frank A bomber crashes into a school The crash results in a huge fire in the school building a parsonage and several houses There are three dead and eight wounded of which five people are seriously injured and the other three are lightly wounded picture Arie Reinhold with Thea Klein in Artis Zoo play movie The chestnut tree picture Cas Oorthuys Photographer Cas Oorthuys arrested picture An attack on the detention centre on the Weteringschans picture The greengrocer arrested play audio Boris Kowadlo D Day is announced on the radio picture Resistance fighter Gerrit van der Veen is executed picture Gerhard Badrian betrayed and executed picture Second attack on the Weteringschans detention centre picture Anne Frank Betrayed play movie Jan Gies is a witness picture Anne Frank Her diary is left behind picture Prisoners text Boris Kowadlo The Allies land on Dutch soil It is Sunday 3 September and my friend Max and I are in the basement listening to the messages from Radio Orange and it is announced that the Allied troops are on Dutch soil picture Dolle Dinsdag Crazy Tuesday German soldiers flee picture Hélène Egger The end of the war was in sight text National Socialist refugees are shot at in a train in Diemen Fearing retribution collaborators dare not stay in the Netherlands picture Tieke Jansma on the roof of her house in the Nieuwe Prinsengracht with a hidden lady picture The German army destroys the Amsterdam Haven with explosives picture People in hiding listening to the radio in the Banstraat picture SD Officer Herbert Oelschlägel is assasinated slideshow Air raid on the Sicherheitsdienst in the Euterpestraat picture Nol Escher They re taking them away a man next to me says picture Bartering picture Falling petrol tanks text Boris Kowadlo If the lights don t work then everything dies There s no electricity in Amsterdam anymore and only gas for two hours every day You can t cook anymore and the situation is getting worse every day picture Freedom justice and prosperity according to the NSB picture NSB posters painted over with Traitors In Amsterdam everyone is hungry there s no fuel no gas no electricity and very little bread Boris Kowadlo picture Nol Escher He s been gone for days picture Nol Escher My neighbour Ernst has just turned 16 and risks being picked up picture Cas Oorthuys Photographs of resistance and hunger 1945 The winter of starvation takes its toll The winter of starvation plagues Amsterdam Many die from hunger and cold Edith Margot and Anne Frank die in the camps Only Otto Frank survives The Canadians reach Amsterdam 1945 The winter of starvation takes its toll 1945 Queuing always queuing Everywhere you see people queuing Nol Escher picture Nol Escher Queuing queuing especially for the soup kitchen picture No more electricity picture A man taking the wood out of his own home picture Nol Escher You can get wood there picture Houses collapse in the Rapenburgerstraat picture Joop Zoutberg It was everyone for themselves picture Bomb attack on the Spieghel School picture A raid on cyclists on the Dam picture NSB member Jan Feitsma is assassinated in the Jacob Obrechtstraat picture Please do not demolish this house is occupied picture Reprisal for Feitsma s death picture 53 people shot on the Amsteldijk picture Thirty people executed on the Weteringplantsoen picture Nol Escher They just picked them up and shot them picture Families near the naval barracks on the Kattenburg must leave their homes picture Because of coal shortages a bridge made from ferry boats is constructed across the River IJ picture Boris Kowadlo Everything is grey and terrible picture A beggar in the Vijzelstraat

    Original URL path: http://www.annefrankhuis.nl/en/Subsites/Annes-Amsterdam/Timeline/Before-the-war/1933/1933/Commotion-about-a-German-film1/?viewtype=Location (2015-08-09)
    Open archived version from archive


  • Anne Frank's Amsterdam
    really care picture Cas Oorthuys A direct hit on the Herengracht picture Clouds of smoke above the River IJ play movie Martha van Collem Every two minutes a siren went off picture Boris Kowadlo Harmless books were burnt too picture Truus Wijsmuller helps 73 children escape to England picture Paula Bakker Days in May slideshow German soldiers on the Berlage Bridge picture SS troops on the Dam picture Occupiers in the city text Boris Kowadlo The people are angry It was afternoon in Amsterdam when we got the message that Holland had surrendered people were very disappointed when they heard that the Royal Family and the government had fled to England play movie Joop Zoutberg When the Germans came in May 1940 they seemed to be proper men picture The Raadhuisstraat picture The Netherlands blacked out picture In June 1940 the German police arrest German Jewish immigrants picture A battalion of German soldiers march through the Sarphatistraat picture The first anti Jewish measures picture Jewish ritual slaughter is forbidden 5 August 1940 picture WA members destroy a Sabbath pole on the Zeeburgerdijk picture Bombs fall on Amsterdam picture Fighting between the WA and Jews on the Amstelveld picture It doesn t seem like there s a war going on slideshow Seven people are killed when bombs fall on the Rechtboomsloot picture Two people are killed when bombs fall on the Urkstraat picture Otto Frank Opekta moves to the Prinsengracht 263 play movie The WA marches through Amsterdam 1941 Jews allowed to do and less It starts with a cinema ban but rapidly Jews are banned from virtually all public places Jewish children must attend separate schools This also applies to Anne and Margot Frank 1941 Jews allowed to do and less 1941 We weren t allowed to go to many places anymore Hélène Egger picture Anne on skates picture An air raid shelter under the bridge by the Westermarkt on the corner of the Keizersgracht picture Puppet show on the Dam picture Cinemas are forbidden for Jews picture Members of the WA attack Caliënte dance hall picture The WA provokes brawls on the Rembrandtplein picture New windows for Café De Kroon on the Rembrandtplein picture Members of the WA destroy Café Alcazar on the Thorbeckeplein slideshow Brawls in the Jewish neighborhood picture German sentry post on the Blauwbrug picture The Aryanistion of Gerzon Fashion Store picture The Jewish Council is set up picture Shop windows smashed in the Jodenbreestraat picture Parade past the SS and SD offices on the Herengracht picture WA Member Koot is buried picture Entrance to the public air raid shelter on the Rokin picture Paula Bakker Good bad and in between picture Raid on the Koco ice cream parlour on the Van Woustraat picture The first raids picture Calls for the February Strike on the Noordermarkt text One of the owners of the Koco ice cream parlour is executed It is the first execution in the Netherlands during the Second World War picture The monument to Herman Heijermans in the Leidsche Bosje is torn down text Leendert Schijveschuurder a communist and a Jew is executed on 6 March 1941 Just prior to this Schijveschuurder is caught posting bills calling for a strike on 6 March play audio Seyss Inquart gives a speech in the Concertgebouw picture The Song of the Eighteen Dead picture NSB member Tulp becomes Chief Commissioner of the police force slideshow Signs designate Amsterdam s Jewish quarter picture Overview of the distribution of Jews in Amsterdam picture Horse drawn taxis at the Central Station picture Three hundred Jews across the city arrested picture Announcement of the death of Arnold Heilbut picture Bomb damage in the Von Zesenstraat picture Seyss Inquart gives a speech at a meeting held on the grounds of the Ice Skating Club picture The last family photo picture Miep and Jan Gies marry in the townhall on the Oudezijds Voorburgwal picture No sport for Margot picture Tuschinski on fire picture Carnation Day resistance by the Dutch population play movie Anne filmed picture Opening of the Police Battalion barracks on the Cornelius Troostplein picture A bomb damage on the Noorder Amstellaan picture Anne at the Jewish school picture Jews are banned from public places picture Lippmann Rosenthal Co opens on the Sarphatistraat picture All over the city Forbidden for Jews signs appear picture A sign with Judenstrasse Jewish Street near to the Nieuwe Kerkstraat picture Hélène Egger We weren t allowed to go to many places anymore picture Special markets for Jews picture Parool worker Arie Addicks is executed picture A German banner on the palace picture The Jewish Symphony Orchestra gives the opening concert in the Jewish Theatre picture Hélène Egger Saturday was a nice day It was Sabbath 1942 It becomes more dangerous for Jews On her thirteenth birthday Anne Frank receives a diary A few days later she writes about the situation in Amsterdam The introduction of the Jewish star and the raids In July the Frank family goes into hiding 1942 It becomes more dangerous for Jews 1942 One day Greetje had gone She had left the Schouwburg Disappeared As if she had never been there Lydia Riezouw picture Bomb attack on Het Bolwerk in the Kalverstraat picture All the Forbidden for Jews signs replaced picture Anne Frank A home cinema picture Cas Oorthuys Taking photographs all over the country picture A Jewish diamond dealer is searched picture Jewish men leave for work camps from the Amstel Station picture The courtyard at the Hollandsche Schouwburg picture Jewish Quarter picture Daubed shopfront in the Vijzelstraat picture The NSB shows its affiliation with Nazi Germany picture Hélène Egger Everybody looked at it After the introduction of the Jewish star the raids really started Neighbours and friends received their papers to report After the curfew roads were closed off and the bridges opened Joop Zoutberg picture Heinrich Himmler on the Museumplein play movie Film party at Anne s picture A rare photo of Peter van Pels picture A British plane comes down on the Noorderakerweg text Antisemitic complaints about an ice cream parlour picture A diary for Anne picture Jewish market opened on the Minervaplein picture Anne Frank Forbidden for Jews play movie Laureen Klein The first call ups came at the end of the school year picture The Office for Jewish Affairs in the Nieuwe Doelenstraat picture The Franks go into hiding picture Jews are called up to work in Germany picture Boris Kowadlo I didn t hesitate about going play movie Anne to Switzerland play movie Helpers in the office picture Raid in the Waterlooplein and Nieuwmarkt area picture Joop Zoutberg The raids start play movie Otto Treumann Escape from arrest slideshow A Jewish postage stamp trader shows his papers picture Amsterdam Jews have to hand in their bicycles picture Saved from the Schouwburg As soon as I went inside I knew something terrible had happened There was no scenery on the stage and it looked as if there had been a burglary Actress Silvia Grohs slideshow Last seen in the Hollandsche Schouwburg picture Hélène Egger We received a couple of postcards from Julius from the Hollandsche Schouwburg slideshow Streets with Jewish names are renamed picture Joop Zoutberg Like rats in a trap text Empty houses in the Transvaal neighbourhood are given to Jewish families picture Hélène Egger I thought you only went into hiding if you were afraid picture Anne Frank The English radio says they re being gassed picture Cas Oorthuys A house full of people in hiding picture Jewish employees from the Hollandia Factory on Kattenburg are deported picture Paula Bakker Hartog Frank picture Anne Frank Sad news from the outside world picture Nol Escher Where have the people gone to Miep told us that they were dragging Jews from house after house again in South Amsterdam Anne Frank picture Joop Zoutberg People in hiding next to the matzo factory play movie Hilde Jacobsthal Warning about German raids picture Esther Obstfeld celebrates Hanukkah in her hiding place text Anne Frank Hostages shot dead On 16 November the Dutch newspapers reveal that 15 hostages have been shot by the Nazis Anne writes about this in her diary 1943 Deportations and attacks While the Frank family is in hiding thousands of Jews are deported from Amsterdam The resistance tries to hinder the deportations by attacks including one on the Public Registry It doesn t stop them 1943 Deportations and attacks 1943 as the reports from outside grow worse and worse the radio with its wondrous voice helps us not to lose heart Anne Frank picture Jewish children in The Crèche opposite the Hollandsche Schouwburg play movie Hilde Jacobsthal Saving Jewish children via the crèche picture The Hollandsche Schouwburg was never intended for so many people picture SS shop window on the Dam picture The Rembrandt Theatre is set on fire play movie Otto Treumann Stay quiet as a mouse picture All clubs in Amsterdam are closed temporarily text Joop Zoutberg Here my marbles they re for you Femma Koekoek was the best marble player in the whole street She always won and she had the best marbles She was the same age as me but a bit smaller a Jewish girl with long dark hair picture A Jewish student tries to assassinate Attorney General J Feitsma picture Fires burn in the Gewestelijk Arbeidsbureau on the Passeerdersgracht picture Joop Zoutberg Mrs Feitsma couldn t leave Japie behind picture Nol Escher Three stars and four ordinary children picture A meeting of fascists in Hotel Krasnapolski picture Nol Escher Has he gone into hiding picture Hélène Egger I looked like a girl from the Jeugdstorm picture National Socialists on the Museumplein picture Hélène Egger I went from hell to heaven picture The occupier evacuates the Jewish Girls Orphanage on the Rapenburgerstraat picture Anne Frank Comfort in her father picture Residents of the Joodsche Invalide are removed picture Attack on the Public Records Offices on the Plantage Kerklaan The Register Office took an extra beating because the firemen flooded the whole building instead of just putting out the fire That does my heart good Anne Frank picture Cas Oorthuys At night you heard doors being kicked in picture Incendiary bombs fall on Amsterdam Oost slideshow Deported from the Panamakade picture Anne Frank Has nightmares about her thoughts play movie Ted Musaph The neighborhood is completely cut off picture A plane crashes behind the Carlton Hotel The entire corner of Vijzelstraat and Singel has gone up in flames The number of air strikes on German cities is increasing daily We haven t had a good night s rest in ages Anne writing about the crash near the Carlton Hotel picture Anne Frank A fierce dogfight text Four planes hit by anti aircraft guns One airplane crashes in the Van Bossestraat another on the Kometensingel and two crash by the Hembrug Nine people die and twelve are injured slideshow Massive deportations from the Jewish neighbourhood play movie Ted Musaph Going into hiding without parents picture Raid in the Rivierenbuurt play movie Ted Musaph Saved from deportation but nowhere to go text Anne Frank The radio as morale booster In July 1943 people living in the centre of Amsterdam have to hand in their radios Victor Kugler hands in the Opekta office radio picture Everyone must hand their radio in play movie Ted Musaph I didn t dare anymore picture House on the Palembangstraat is damaged by an anti aircraft rocket movie Martha van Collem All of South Amsterdam was cut off play picture Pauline van Waasdijk with her Jewish hidden baby Marijke whose real name is Ruth text Mixed marriage couples must relocate to the Transvaalbuurt picture The gasworks on the Linneauskade catches fire after being hit by a British bomb play movie Allied bombs fall near the Fokker factories picture Anne Frank Smouldering ruins in Amsterdam Noord picture The St Ritakerk takes a direct hit during mass picture Anne Frank Smoke rising from the harbour text An end to The Jewish Council Most of the Jews have been deported there is not enough work for the Council The Council s leaders and personnel are deported picture Paula Bakker Curfew picture Jopie Rood s house is plundered picture Fashion Store Hirsch Cie on the Leidseplein closes picture Norbert Klein is arrested and rescued from the Wilhelminagasthuis hospital play movie A familiar sound play movie Otto Treumann Resistance fighter set free picture Nol Escher I m one of the boys who had the most shrapnel picture Anything that damages the welfare of a healthy society should be purged play movie Otto Treumann Master forger in the resistance slideshow Hidden Jewish library discovered in the Grote Synagogue picture Cas Oorthuys A clergyman for a father picture Cas Oorthuys He entered the dark stairwell with a drawn pistol picture German soldiers marching through the Vondelstraat 1944 Discovered and arrested On 4 August the people in hiding in the secret annex are discovered and arrested From Westerbork they are taken to Auschwitz When the Allies land in the south of the Netherlands there is hope that the country will be liberated German soldiers and NSB members flee the country after Dolle Dinsdag Mad Tuesday 1944 Discovered and arrested 1944 The Allies arrive in Holland Boris Kowadlo text Signs with Jewish neighbourhood are taken down picture Paula Bakker Steenfatt picture German soldiers march into the Runstraat picture Anne Frank Shaking houses text Anne Frank A bomber crashes into a school The crash results in a huge fire in the school building a parsonage and several houses There are three dead and eight wounded of which five people are seriously injured and the other three are lightly wounded picture Arie Reinhold with Thea Klein in Artis Zoo play movie The chestnut tree picture Cas Oorthuys Photographer Cas Oorthuys arrested picture An attack on the detention centre on the Weteringschans picture The greengrocer arrested play audio Boris Kowadlo D Day is announced on the radio picture Resistance fighter Gerrit van der Veen is executed picture Gerhard Badrian betrayed and executed picture Second attack on the Weteringschans detention centre picture Anne Frank Betrayed play movie Jan Gies is a witness picture Anne Frank Her diary is left behind picture Prisoners text Boris Kowadlo The Allies land on Dutch soil It is Sunday 3 September and my friend Max and I are in the basement listening to the messages from Radio Orange and it is announced that the Allied troops are on Dutch soil picture Dolle Dinsdag Crazy Tuesday German soldiers flee picture Hélène Egger The end of the war was in sight text National Socialist refugees are shot at in a train in Diemen Fearing retribution collaborators dare not stay in the Netherlands picture Tieke Jansma on the roof of her house in the Nieuwe Prinsengracht with a hidden lady picture The German army destroys the Amsterdam Haven with explosives picture People in hiding listening to the radio in the Banstraat picture SD Officer Herbert Oelschlägel is assasinated slideshow Air raid on the Sicherheitsdienst in the Euterpestraat picture Nol Escher They re taking them away a man next to me says picture Bartering picture Falling petrol tanks text Boris Kowadlo If the lights don t work then everything dies There s no electricity in Amsterdam anymore and only gas for two hours every day You can t cook anymore and the situation is getting worse every day picture Freedom justice and prosperity according to the NSB picture NSB posters painted over with Traitors In Amsterdam everyone is hungry there s no fuel no gas no electricity and very little bread Boris Kowadlo picture Nol Escher He s been gone for days picture Nol Escher My neighbour Ernst has just turned 16 and risks being picked up picture Cas Oorthuys Photographs of resistance and hunger 1945 The winter of starvation takes its toll The winter of starvation plagues Amsterdam Many die from hunger and cold Edith Margot and Anne Frank die in the camps Only Otto Frank survives The Canadians reach Amsterdam 1945 The winter of starvation takes its toll 1945 Queuing always queuing Everywhere you see people queuing Nol Escher picture Nol Escher Queuing queuing especially for the soup kitchen picture No more electricity picture A man taking the wood out of his own home picture Nol Escher You can get wood there picture Houses collapse in the Rapenburgerstraat picture Joop Zoutberg It was everyone for themselves picture Bomb attack on the Spieghel School picture A raid on cyclists on the Dam picture NSB member Jan Feitsma is assassinated in the Jacob Obrechtstraat picture Please do not demolish this house is occupied picture Reprisal for Feitsma s death picture 53 people shot on the Amsteldijk picture Thirty people executed on the Weteringplantsoen picture Nol Escher They just picked them up and shot them picture Families near the naval barracks on the Kattenburg must leave their homes picture Because of coal shortages a bridge made from ferry boats is constructed across the River IJ picture Boris Kowadlo Everything is grey and terrible picture A beggar in the Vijzelstraat slideshow Food is dropped over Schiphol picture People on the Berlage Bridge cheer an Allied bomber 1945 Joy and sadness A celebration at the Dam on 7 May is ruined when people are killed after German soldiers shoot at the crowd On 8 May Amsterdam is officially liberated Otto Frank returns He knows that Edith is dead He only hears later that his two daughters have not survived 1945 Joy and sadness 1945 When I got back to Amsterdam everything was in ruins Hélène Egger picture Nol Escher We re free we re free we re free picture Flowers on the Weteringplantsoen picture Commemorations at Rozenoord picture People on the Dam flee from machinegun fire picture Cas Oorthuys Photographs of the shooting on the Dam picture Collaborators are arrested text Joop Zoutberg They were shot before my very eyes In May 1945 there were rumours that the Canadians were driving down the Weesperzijde and

    Original URL path: http://www.annefrankhuis.nl/en/Subsites/Annes-Amsterdam/Timeline/Before-the-war/1934/1934/Otto-Frank---Opekta-moves-to-the-Singel-400/?viewtype=Location (2015-08-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Anne Frank's Amsterdam
    picture Cas Oorthuys A direct hit on the Herengracht picture Clouds of smoke above the River IJ play movie Martha van Collem Every two minutes a siren went off picture Boris Kowadlo Harmless books were burnt too picture Truus Wijsmuller helps 73 children escape to England picture Paula Bakker Days in May slideshow German soldiers on the Berlage Bridge picture SS troops on the Dam picture Occupiers in the city text Boris Kowadlo The people are angry It was afternoon in Amsterdam when we got the message that Holland had surrendered people were very disappointed when they heard that the Royal Family and the government had fled to England play movie Joop Zoutberg When the Germans came in May 1940 they seemed to be proper men picture The Raadhuisstraat picture The Netherlands blacked out picture In June 1940 the German police arrest German Jewish immigrants picture A battalion of German soldiers march through the Sarphatistraat picture The first anti Jewish measures picture Jewish ritual slaughter is forbidden 5 August 1940 picture WA members destroy a Sabbath pole on the Zeeburgerdijk picture Bombs fall on Amsterdam picture Fighting between the WA and Jews on the Amstelveld picture It doesn t seem like there s a war going on slideshow Seven people are killed when bombs fall on the Rechtboomsloot picture Two people are killed when bombs fall on the Urkstraat picture Otto Frank Opekta moves to the Prinsengracht 263 play movie The WA marches through Amsterdam 1941 Jews allowed to do and less It starts with a cinema ban but rapidly Jews are banned from virtually all public places Jewish children must attend separate schools This also applies to Anne and Margot Frank 1941 Jews allowed to do and less 1941 We weren t allowed to go to many places anymore Hélène Egger picture Anne on skates picture An air raid shelter under the bridge by the Westermarkt on the corner of the Keizersgracht picture Puppet show on the Dam picture Cinemas are forbidden for Jews picture Members of the WA attack Caliënte dance hall picture The WA provokes brawls on the Rembrandtplein picture New windows for Café De Kroon on the Rembrandtplein picture Members of the WA destroy Café Alcazar on the Thorbeckeplein slideshow Brawls in the Jewish neighborhood picture German sentry post on the Blauwbrug picture The Aryanistion of Gerzon Fashion Store picture The Jewish Council is set up picture Shop windows smashed in the Jodenbreestraat picture Parade past the SS and SD offices on the Herengracht picture WA Member Koot is buried picture Entrance to the public air raid shelter on the Rokin picture Paula Bakker Good bad and in between picture Raid on the Koco ice cream parlour on the Van Woustraat picture The first raids picture Calls for the February Strike on the Noordermarkt text One of the owners of the Koco ice cream parlour is executed It is the first execution in the Netherlands during the Second World War picture The monument to Herman Heijermans in the Leidsche Bosje is torn down text Leendert Schijveschuurder a communist and a Jew is executed on 6 March 1941 Just prior to this Schijveschuurder is caught posting bills calling for a strike on 6 March play audio Seyss Inquart gives a speech in the Concertgebouw picture The Song of the Eighteen Dead picture NSB member Tulp becomes Chief Commissioner of the police force slideshow Signs designate Amsterdam s Jewish quarter picture Overview of the distribution of Jews in Amsterdam picture Horse drawn taxis at the Central Station picture Three hundred Jews across the city arrested picture Announcement of the death of Arnold Heilbut picture Bomb damage in the Von Zesenstraat picture Seyss Inquart gives a speech at a meeting held on the grounds of the Ice Skating Club picture The last family photo picture Miep and Jan Gies marry in the townhall on the Oudezijds Voorburgwal picture No sport for Margot picture Tuschinski on fire picture Carnation Day resistance by the Dutch population play movie Anne filmed picture Opening of the Police Battalion barracks on the Cornelius Troostplein picture A bomb damage on the Noorder Amstellaan picture Anne at the Jewish school picture Jews are banned from public places picture Lippmann Rosenthal Co opens on the Sarphatistraat picture All over the city Forbidden for Jews signs appear picture A sign with Judenstrasse Jewish Street near to the Nieuwe Kerkstraat picture Hélène Egger We weren t allowed to go to many places anymore picture Special markets for Jews picture Parool worker Arie Addicks is executed picture A German banner on the palace picture The Jewish Symphony Orchestra gives the opening concert in the Jewish Theatre picture Hélène Egger Saturday was a nice day It was Sabbath 1942 It becomes more dangerous for Jews On her thirteenth birthday Anne Frank receives a diary A few days later she writes about the situation in Amsterdam The introduction of the Jewish star and the raids In July the Frank family goes into hiding 1942 It becomes more dangerous for Jews 1942 One day Greetje had gone She had left the Schouwburg Disappeared As if she had never been there Lydia Riezouw picture Bomb attack on Het Bolwerk in the Kalverstraat picture All the Forbidden for Jews signs replaced picture Anne Frank A home cinema picture Cas Oorthuys Taking photographs all over the country picture A Jewish diamond dealer is searched picture Jewish men leave for work camps from the Amstel Station picture The courtyard at the Hollandsche Schouwburg picture Jewish Quarter picture Daubed shopfront in the Vijzelstraat picture The NSB shows its affiliation with Nazi Germany picture Hélène Egger Everybody looked at it After the introduction of the Jewish star the raids really started Neighbours and friends received their papers to report After the curfew roads were closed off and the bridges opened Joop Zoutberg picture Heinrich Himmler on the Museumplein play movie Film party at Anne s picture A rare photo of Peter van Pels picture A British plane comes down on the Noorderakerweg text Antisemitic complaints about an ice cream parlour picture A diary for Anne picture Jewish market opened on the Minervaplein picture Anne Frank Forbidden for Jews play movie Laureen Klein The first call ups came at the end of the school year picture The Office for Jewish Affairs in the Nieuwe Doelenstraat picture The Franks go into hiding picture Jews are called up to work in Germany picture Boris Kowadlo I didn t hesitate about going play movie Anne to Switzerland play movie Helpers in the office picture Raid in the Waterlooplein and Nieuwmarkt area picture Joop Zoutberg The raids start play movie Otto Treumann Escape from arrest slideshow A Jewish postage stamp trader shows his papers picture Amsterdam Jews have to hand in their bicycles picture Saved from the Schouwburg As soon as I went inside I knew something terrible had happened There was no scenery on the stage and it looked as if there had been a burglary Actress Silvia Grohs slideshow Last seen in the Hollandsche Schouwburg picture Hélène Egger We received a couple of postcards from Julius from the Hollandsche Schouwburg slideshow Streets with Jewish names are renamed picture Joop Zoutberg Like rats in a trap text Empty houses in the Transvaal neighbourhood are given to Jewish families picture Hélène Egger I thought you only went into hiding if you were afraid picture Anne Frank The English radio says they re being gassed picture Cas Oorthuys A house full of people in hiding picture Jewish employees from the Hollandia Factory on Kattenburg are deported picture Paula Bakker Hartog Frank picture Anne Frank Sad news from the outside world picture Nol Escher Where have the people gone to Miep told us that they were dragging Jews from house after house again in South Amsterdam Anne Frank picture Joop Zoutberg People in hiding next to the matzo factory play movie Hilde Jacobsthal Warning about German raids picture Esther Obstfeld celebrates Hanukkah in her hiding place text Anne Frank Hostages shot dead On 16 November the Dutch newspapers reveal that 15 hostages have been shot by the Nazis Anne writes about this in her diary 1943 Deportations and attacks While the Frank family is in hiding thousands of Jews are deported from Amsterdam The resistance tries to hinder the deportations by attacks including one on the Public Registry It doesn t stop them 1943 Deportations and attacks 1943 as the reports from outside grow worse and worse the radio with its wondrous voice helps us not to lose heart Anne Frank picture Jewish children in The Crèche opposite the Hollandsche Schouwburg play movie Hilde Jacobsthal Saving Jewish children via the crèche picture The Hollandsche Schouwburg was never intended for so many people picture SS shop window on the Dam picture The Rembrandt Theatre is set on fire play movie Otto Treumann Stay quiet as a mouse picture All clubs in Amsterdam are closed temporarily text Joop Zoutberg Here my marbles they re for you Femma Koekoek was the best marble player in the whole street She always won and she had the best marbles She was the same age as me but a bit smaller a Jewish girl with long dark hair picture A Jewish student tries to assassinate Attorney General J Feitsma picture Fires burn in the Gewestelijk Arbeidsbureau on the Passeerdersgracht picture Joop Zoutberg Mrs Feitsma couldn t leave Japie behind picture Nol Escher Three stars and four ordinary children picture A meeting of fascists in Hotel Krasnapolski picture Nol Escher Has he gone into hiding picture Hélène Egger I looked like a girl from the Jeugdstorm picture National Socialists on the Museumplein picture Hélène Egger I went from hell to heaven picture The occupier evacuates the Jewish Girls Orphanage on the Rapenburgerstraat picture Anne Frank Comfort in her father picture Residents of the Joodsche Invalide are removed picture Attack on the Public Records Offices on the Plantage Kerklaan The Register Office took an extra beating because the firemen flooded the whole building instead of just putting out the fire That does my heart good Anne Frank picture Cas Oorthuys At night you heard doors being kicked in picture Incendiary bombs fall on Amsterdam Oost slideshow Deported from the Panamakade picture Anne Frank Has nightmares about her thoughts play movie Ted Musaph The neighborhood is completely cut off picture A plane crashes behind the Carlton Hotel The entire corner of Vijzelstraat and Singel has gone up in flames The number of air strikes on German cities is increasing daily We haven t had a good night s rest in ages Anne writing about the crash near the Carlton Hotel picture Anne Frank A fierce dogfight text Four planes hit by anti aircraft guns One airplane crashes in the Van Bossestraat another on the Kometensingel and two crash by the Hembrug Nine people die and twelve are injured slideshow Massive deportations from the Jewish neighbourhood play movie Ted Musaph Going into hiding without parents picture Raid in the Rivierenbuurt play movie Ted Musaph Saved from deportation but nowhere to go text Anne Frank The radio as morale booster In July 1943 people living in the centre of Amsterdam have to hand in their radios Victor Kugler hands in the Opekta office radio picture Everyone must hand their radio in play movie Ted Musaph I didn t dare anymore picture House on the Palembangstraat is damaged by an anti aircraft rocket movie Martha van Collem All of South Amsterdam was cut off play picture Pauline van Waasdijk with her Jewish hidden baby Marijke whose real name is Ruth text Mixed marriage couples must relocate to the Transvaalbuurt picture The gasworks on the Linneauskade catches fire after being hit by a British bomb play movie Allied bombs fall near the Fokker factories picture Anne Frank Smouldering ruins in Amsterdam Noord picture The St Ritakerk takes a direct hit during mass picture Anne Frank Smoke rising from the harbour text An end to The Jewish Council Most of the Jews have been deported there is not enough work for the Council The Council s leaders and personnel are deported picture Paula Bakker Curfew picture Jopie Rood s house is plundered picture Fashion Store Hirsch Cie on the Leidseplein closes picture Norbert Klein is arrested and rescued from the Wilhelminagasthuis hospital play movie A familiar sound play movie Otto Treumann Resistance fighter set free picture Nol Escher I m one of the boys who had the most shrapnel picture Anything that damages the welfare of a healthy society should be purged play movie Otto Treumann Master forger in the resistance slideshow Hidden Jewish library discovered in the Grote Synagogue picture Cas Oorthuys A clergyman for a father picture Cas Oorthuys He entered the dark stairwell with a drawn pistol picture German soldiers marching through the Vondelstraat 1944 Discovered and arrested On 4 August the people in hiding in the secret annex are discovered and arrested From Westerbork they are taken to Auschwitz When the Allies land in the south of the Netherlands there is hope that the country will be liberated German soldiers and NSB members flee the country after Dolle Dinsdag Mad Tuesday 1944 Discovered and arrested 1944 The Allies arrive in Holland Boris Kowadlo text Signs with Jewish neighbourhood are taken down picture Paula Bakker Steenfatt picture German soldiers march into the Runstraat picture Anne Frank Shaking houses text Anne Frank A bomber crashes into a school The crash results in a huge fire in the school building a parsonage and several houses There are three dead and eight wounded of which five people are seriously injured and the other three are lightly wounded picture Arie Reinhold with Thea Klein in Artis Zoo play movie The chestnut tree picture Cas Oorthuys Photographer Cas Oorthuys arrested picture An attack on the detention centre on the Weteringschans picture The greengrocer arrested play audio Boris Kowadlo D Day is announced on the radio picture Resistance fighter Gerrit van der Veen is executed picture Gerhard Badrian betrayed and executed picture Second attack on the Weteringschans detention centre picture Anne Frank Betrayed play movie Jan Gies is a witness picture Anne Frank Her diary is left behind picture Prisoners text Boris Kowadlo The Allies land on Dutch soil It is Sunday 3 September and my friend Max and I are in the basement listening to the messages from Radio Orange and it is announced that the Allied troops are on Dutch soil picture Dolle Dinsdag Crazy Tuesday German soldiers flee picture Hélène Egger The end of the war was in sight text National Socialist refugees are shot at in a train in Diemen Fearing retribution collaborators dare not stay in the Netherlands picture Tieke Jansma on the roof of her house in the Nieuwe Prinsengracht with a hidden lady picture The German army destroys the Amsterdam Haven with explosives picture People in hiding listening to the radio in the Banstraat picture SD Officer Herbert Oelschlägel is assasinated slideshow Air raid on the Sicherheitsdienst in the Euterpestraat picture Nol Escher They re taking them away a man next to me says picture Bartering picture Falling petrol tanks text Boris Kowadlo If the lights don t work then everything dies There s no electricity in Amsterdam anymore and only gas for two hours every day You can t cook anymore and the situation is getting worse every day picture Freedom justice and prosperity according to the NSB picture NSB posters painted over with Traitors In Amsterdam everyone is hungry there s no fuel no gas no electricity and very little bread Boris Kowadlo picture Nol Escher He s been gone for days picture Nol Escher My neighbour Ernst has just turned 16 and risks being picked up picture Cas Oorthuys Photographs of resistance and hunger 1945 The winter of starvation takes its toll The winter of starvation plagues Amsterdam Many die from hunger and cold Edith Margot and Anne Frank die in the camps Only Otto Frank survives The Canadians reach Amsterdam 1945 The winter of starvation takes its toll 1945 Queuing always queuing Everywhere you see people queuing Nol Escher picture Nol Escher Queuing queuing especially for the soup kitchen picture No more electricity picture A man taking the wood out of his own home picture Nol Escher You can get wood there picture Houses collapse in the Rapenburgerstraat picture Joop Zoutberg It was everyone for themselves picture Bomb attack on the Spieghel School picture A raid on cyclists on the Dam picture NSB member Jan Feitsma is assassinated in the Jacob Obrechtstraat picture Please do not demolish this house is occupied picture Reprisal for Feitsma s death picture 53 people shot on the Amsteldijk picture Thirty people executed on the Weteringplantsoen picture Nol Escher They just picked them up and shot them picture Families near the naval barracks on the Kattenburg must leave their homes picture Because of coal shortages a bridge made from ferry boats is constructed across the River IJ picture Boris Kowadlo Everything is grey and terrible picture A beggar in the Vijzelstraat slideshow Food is dropped over Schiphol picture People on the Berlage Bridge cheer an Allied bomber 1945 Joy and sadness A celebration at the Dam on 7 May is ruined when people are killed after German soldiers shoot at the crowd On 8 May Amsterdam is officially liberated Otto Frank returns He knows that Edith is dead He only hears later that his two daughters have not survived 1945 Joy and sadness 1945 When I got back to Amsterdam everything was in ruins Hélène Egger picture Nol Escher We re free we re free we re free picture Flowers on the Weteringplantsoen picture Commemorations at Rozenoord picture People on the Dam flee from machinegun fire picture Cas Oorthuys Photographs of the shooting on the Dam picture Collaborators are arrested text Joop Zoutberg They were shot before my very eyes In May 1945 there were rumours that the Canadians were driving down the Weesperzijde and that there

    Original URL path: http://www.annefrankhuis.nl/en/Subsites/Annes-Amsterdam/Timeline/Before-the-war/1933/1933/Market-on-the-Waterlooplein-with-the-Mozes-and-Aaronkerk-church-on-the-left/?viewtype=Location (2015-08-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Anne Frank's Amsterdam
    port Lydia Oorthuys picture Boris Kowadlo I heard shooting at the airport play movie Laureen Klein We saw Schiphiol being bombed from out of our window picture Hélène Egger The war had started but I didn t really care picture Cas Oorthuys A direct hit on the Herengracht picture Clouds of smoke above the River IJ play movie Martha van Collem Every two minutes a siren went off picture Boris Kowadlo Harmless books were burnt too picture Truus Wijsmuller helps 73 children escape to England picture Paula Bakker Days in May slideshow German soldiers on the Berlage Bridge picture SS troops on the Dam picture Occupiers in the city text Boris Kowadlo The people are angry It was afternoon in Amsterdam when we got the message that Holland had surrendered people were very disappointed when they heard that the Royal Family and the government had fled to England play movie Joop Zoutberg When the Germans came in May 1940 they seemed to be proper men picture The Raadhuisstraat picture The Netherlands blacked out picture In June 1940 the German police arrest German Jewish immigrants picture A battalion of German soldiers march through the Sarphatistraat picture The first anti Jewish measures picture Jewish ritual slaughter is forbidden 5 August 1940 picture WA members destroy a Sabbath pole on the Zeeburgerdijk picture Bombs fall on Amsterdam picture Fighting between the WA and Jews on the Amstelveld picture It doesn t seem like there s a war going on slideshow Seven people are killed when bombs fall on the Rechtboomsloot picture Two people are killed when bombs fall on the Urkstraat picture Otto Frank Opekta moves to the Prinsengracht 263 play movie The WA marches through Amsterdam 1941 Jews allowed to do and less It starts with a cinema ban but rapidly Jews are banned from virtually all public places Jewish children must attend separate schools This also applies to Anne and Margot Frank 1941 Jews allowed to do and less 1941 We weren t allowed to go to many places anymore Hélène Egger picture Anne on skates picture An air raid shelter under the bridge by the Westermarkt on the corner of the Keizersgracht picture Puppet show on the Dam picture Cinemas are forbidden for Jews picture Members of the WA attack Caliënte dance hall picture The WA provokes brawls on the Rembrandtplein picture New windows for Café De Kroon on the Rembrandtplein picture Members of the WA destroy Café Alcazar on the Thorbeckeplein slideshow Brawls in the Jewish neighborhood picture German sentry post on the Blauwbrug picture The Aryanistion of Gerzon Fashion Store picture The Jewish Council is set up picture Shop windows smashed in the Jodenbreestraat picture Parade past the SS and SD offices on the Herengracht picture WA Member Koot is buried picture Entrance to the public air raid shelter on the Rokin picture Paula Bakker Good bad and in between picture Raid on the Koco ice cream parlour on the Van Woustraat picture The first raids picture Calls for the February Strike on the Noordermarkt text One of the owners of the Koco ice cream parlour is executed It is the first execution in the Netherlands during the Second World War picture The monument to Herman Heijermans in the Leidsche Bosje is torn down text Leendert Schijveschuurder a communist and a Jew is executed on 6 March 1941 Just prior to this Schijveschuurder is caught posting bills calling for a strike on 6 March play audio Seyss Inquart gives a speech in the Concertgebouw picture The Song of the Eighteen Dead picture NSB member Tulp becomes Chief Commissioner of the police force slideshow Signs designate Amsterdam s Jewish quarter picture Overview of the distribution of Jews in Amsterdam picture Horse drawn taxis at the Central Station picture Three hundred Jews across the city arrested picture Announcement of the death of Arnold Heilbut picture Bomb damage in the Von Zesenstraat picture Seyss Inquart gives a speech at a meeting held on the grounds of the Ice Skating Club picture The last family photo picture Miep and Jan Gies marry in the townhall on the Oudezijds Voorburgwal picture No sport for Margot picture Tuschinski on fire picture Carnation Day resistance by the Dutch population play movie Anne filmed picture Opening of the Police Battalion barracks on the Cornelius Troostplein picture A bomb damage on the Noorder Amstellaan picture Anne at the Jewish school picture Jews are banned from public places picture Lippmann Rosenthal Co opens on the Sarphatistraat picture All over the city Forbidden for Jews signs appear picture A sign with Judenstrasse Jewish Street near to the Nieuwe Kerkstraat picture Hélène Egger We weren t allowed to go to many places anymore picture Special markets for Jews picture Parool worker Arie Addicks is executed picture A German banner on the palace picture The Jewish Symphony Orchestra gives the opening concert in the Jewish Theatre picture Hélène Egger Saturday was a nice day It was Sabbath 1942 It becomes more dangerous for Jews On her thirteenth birthday Anne Frank receives a diary A few days later she writes about the situation in Amsterdam The introduction of the Jewish star and the raids In July the Frank family goes into hiding 1942 It becomes more dangerous for Jews 1942 One day Greetje had gone She had left the Schouwburg Disappeared As if she had never been there Lydia Riezouw picture Bomb attack on Het Bolwerk in the Kalverstraat picture All the Forbidden for Jews signs replaced picture Anne Frank A home cinema picture Cas Oorthuys Taking photographs all over the country picture A Jewish diamond dealer is searched picture Jewish men leave for work camps from the Amstel Station picture The courtyard at the Hollandsche Schouwburg picture Jewish Quarter picture Daubed shopfront in the Vijzelstraat picture The NSB shows its affiliation with Nazi Germany picture Hélène Egger Everybody looked at it After the introduction of the Jewish star the raids really started Neighbours and friends received their papers to report After the curfew roads were closed off and the bridges opened Joop Zoutberg picture Heinrich Himmler on the Museumplein play movie Film party at Anne s picture A rare photo of Peter van Pels picture A British plane comes down on the Noorderakerweg text Antisemitic complaints about an ice cream parlour picture A diary for Anne picture Jewish market opened on the Minervaplein picture Anne Frank Forbidden for Jews play movie Laureen Klein The first call ups came at the end of the school year picture The Office for Jewish Affairs in the Nieuwe Doelenstraat picture The Franks go into hiding picture Jews are called up to work in Germany picture Boris Kowadlo I didn t hesitate about going play movie Anne to Switzerland play movie Helpers in the office picture Raid in the Waterlooplein and Nieuwmarkt area picture Joop Zoutberg The raids start play movie Otto Treumann Escape from arrest slideshow A Jewish postage stamp trader shows his papers picture Amsterdam Jews have to hand in their bicycles picture Saved from the Schouwburg As soon as I went inside I knew something terrible had happened There was no scenery on the stage and it looked as if there had been a burglary Actress Silvia Grohs slideshow Last seen in the Hollandsche Schouwburg picture Hélène Egger We received a couple of postcards from Julius from the Hollandsche Schouwburg slideshow Streets with Jewish names are renamed picture Joop Zoutberg Like rats in a trap text Empty houses in the Transvaal neighbourhood are given to Jewish families picture Hélène Egger I thought you only went into hiding if you were afraid picture Anne Frank The English radio says they re being gassed picture Cas Oorthuys A house full of people in hiding picture Jewish employees from the Hollandia Factory on Kattenburg are deported picture Paula Bakker Hartog Frank picture Anne Frank Sad news from the outside world picture Nol Escher Where have the people gone to Miep told us that they were dragging Jews from house after house again in South Amsterdam Anne Frank picture Joop Zoutberg People in hiding next to the matzo factory play movie Hilde Jacobsthal Warning about German raids picture Esther Obstfeld celebrates Hanukkah in her hiding place text Anne Frank Hostages shot dead On 16 November the Dutch newspapers reveal that 15 hostages have been shot by the Nazis Anne writes about this in her diary 1943 Deportations and attacks While the Frank family is in hiding thousands of Jews are deported from Amsterdam The resistance tries to hinder the deportations by attacks including one on the Public Registry It doesn t stop them 1943 Deportations and attacks 1943 as the reports from outside grow worse and worse the radio with its wondrous voice helps us not to lose heart Anne Frank picture Jewish children in The Crèche opposite the Hollandsche Schouwburg play movie Hilde Jacobsthal Saving Jewish children via the crèche picture The Hollandsche Schouwburg was never intended for so many people picture SS shop window on the Dam picture The Rembrandt Theatre is set on fire play movie Otto Treumann Stay quiet as a mouse picture All clubs in Amsterdam are closed temporarily text Joop Zoutberg Here my marbles they re for you Femma Koekoek was the best marble player in the whole street She always won and she had the best marbles She was the same age as me but a bit smaller a Jewish girl with long dark hair picture A Jewish student tries to assassinate Attorney General J Feitsma picture Fires burn in the Gewestelijk Arbeidsbureau on the Passeerdersgracht picture Joop Zoutberg Mrs Feitsma couldn t leave Japie behind picture Nol Escher Three stars and four ordinary children picture A meeting of fascists in Hotel Krasnapolski picture Nol Escher Has he gone into hiding picture Hélène Egger I looked like a girl from the Jeugdstorm picture National Socialists on the Museumplein picture Hélène Egger I went from hell to heaven picture The occupier evacuates the Jewish Girls Orphanage on the Rapenburgerstraat picture Anne Frank Comfort in her father picture Residents of the Joodsche Invalide are removed picture Attack on the Public Records Offices on the Plantage Kerklaan The Register Office took an extra beating because the firemen flooded the whole building instead of just putting out the fire That does my heart good Anne Frank picture Cas Oorthuys At night you heard doors being kicked in picture Incendiary bombs fall on Amsterdam Oost slideshow Deported from the Panamakade picture Anne Frank Has nightmares about her thoughts play movie Ted Musaph The neighborhood is completely cut off picture A plane crashes behind the Carlton Hotel The entire corner of Vijzelstraat and Singel has gone up in flames The number of air strikes on German cities is increasing daily We haven t had a good night s rest in ages Anne writing about the crash near the Carlton Hotel picture Anne Frank A fierce dogfight text Four planes hit by anti aircraft guns One airplane crashes in the Van Bossestraat another on the Kometensingel and two crash by the Hembrug Nine people die and twelve are injured slideshow Massive deportations from the Jewish neighbourhood play movie Ted Musaph Going into hiding without parents picture Raid in the Rivierenbuurt play movie Ted Musaph Saved from deportation but nowhere to go text Anne Frank The radio as morale booster In July 1943 people living in the centre of Amsterdam have to hand in their radios Victor Kugler hands in the Opekta office radio picture Everyone must hand their radio in play movie Ted Musaph I didn t dare anymore picture House on the Palembangstraat is damaged by an anti aircraft rocket movie Martha van Collem All of South Amsterdam was cut off play picture Pauline van Waasdijk with her Jewish hidden baby Marijke whose real name is Ruth text Mixed marriage couples must relocate to the Transvaalbuurt picture The gasworks on the Linneauskade catches fire after being hit by a British bomb play movie Allied bombs fall near the Fokker factories picture Anne Frank Smouldering ruins in Amsterdam Noord picture The St Ritakerk takes a direct hit during mass picture Anne Frank Smoke rising from the harbour text An end to The Jewish Council Most of the Jews have been deported there is not enough work for the Council The Council s leaders and personnel are deported picture Paula Bakker Curfew picture Jopie Rood s house is plundered picture Fashion Store Hirsch Cie on the Leidseplein closes picture Norbert Klein is arrested and rescued from the Wilhelminagasthuis hospital play movie A familiar sound play movie Otto Treumann Resistance fighter set free picture Nol Escher I m one of the boys who had the most shrapnel picture Anything that damages the welfare of a healthy society should be purged play movie Otto Treumann Master forger in the resistance slideshow Hidden Jewish library discovered in the Grote Synagogue picture Cas Oorthuys A clergyman for a father picture Cas Oorthuys He entered the dark stairwell with a drawn pistol picture German soldiers marching through the Vondelstraat 1944 Discovered and arrested On 4 August the people in hiding in the secret annex are discovered and arrested From Westerbork they are taken to Auschwitz When the Allies land in the south of the Netherlands there is hope that the country will be liberated German soldiers and NSB members flee the country after Dolle Dinsdag Mad Tuesday 1944 Discovered and arrested 1944 The Allies arrive in Holland Boris Kowadlo text Signs with Jewish neighbourhood are taken down picture Paula Bakker Steenfatt picture German soldiers march into the Runstraat picture Anne Frank Shaking houses text Anne Frank A bomber crashes into a school The crash results in a huge fire in the school building a parsonage and several houses There are three dead and eight wounded of which five people are seriously injured and the other three are lightly wounded picture Arie Reinhold with Thea Klein in Artis Zoo play movie The chestnut tree picture Cas Oorthuys Photographer Cas Oorthuys arrested picture An attack on the detention centre on the Weteringschans picture The greengrocer arrested play audio Boris Kowadlo D Day is announced on the radio picture Resistance fighter Gerrit van der Veen is executed picture Gerhard Badrian betrayed and executed picture Second attack on the Weteringschans detention centre picture Anne Frank Betrayed play movie Jan Gies is a witness picture Anne Frank Her diary is left behind picture Prisoners text Boris Kowadlo The Allies land on Dutch soil It is Sunday 3 September and my friend Max and I are in the basement listening to the messages from Radio Orange and it is announced that the Allied troops are on Dutch soil picture Dolle Dinsdag Crazy Tuesday German soldiers flee picture Hélène Egger The end of the war was in sight text National Socialist refugees are shot at in a train in Diemen Fearing retribution collaborators dare not stay in the Netherlands picture Tieke Jansma on the roof of her house in the Nieuwe Prinsengracht with a hidden lady picture The German army destroys the Amsterdam Haven with explosives picture People in hiding listening to the radio in the Banstraat picture SD Officer Herbert Oelschlägel is assasinated slideshow Air raid on the Sicherheitsdienst in the Euterpestraat picture Nol Escher They re taking them away a man next to me says picture Bartering picture Falling petrol tanks text Boris Kowadlo If the lights don t work then everything dies There s no electricity in Amsterdam anymore and only gas for two hours every day You can t cook anymore and the situation is getting worse every day picture Freedom justice and prosperity according to the NSB picture NSB posters painted over with Traitors In Amsterdam everyone is hungry there s no fuel no gas no electricity and very little bread Boris Kowadlo picture Nol Escher He s been gone for days picture Nol Escher My neighbour Ernst has just turned 16 and risks being picked up picture Cas Oorthuys Photographs of resistance and hunger 1945 The winter of starvation takes its toll The winter of starvation plagues Amsterdam Many die from hunger and cold Edith Margot and Anne Frank die in the camps Only Otto Frank survives The Canadians reach Amsterdam 1945 The winter of starvation takes its toll 1945 Queuing always queuing Everywhere you see people queuing Nol Escher picture Nol Escher Queuing queuing especially for the soup kitchen picture No more electricity picture A man taking the wood out of his own home picture Nol Escher You can get wood there picture Houses collapse in the Rapenburgerstraat picture Joop Zoutberg It was everyone for themselves picture Bomb attack on the Spieghel School picture A raid on cyclists on the Dam picture NSB member Jan Feitsma is assassinated in the Jacob Obrechtstraat picture Please do not demolish this house is occupied picture Reprisal for Feitsma s death picture 53 people shot on the Amsteldijk picture Thirty people executed on the Weteringplantsoen picture Nol Escher They just picked them up and shot them picture Families near the naval barracks on the Kattenburg must leave their homes picture Because of coal shortages a bridge made from ferry boats is constructed across the River IJ picture Boris Kowadlo Everything is grey and terrible picture A beggar in the Vijzelstraat slideshow Food is dropped over Schiphol picture People on the Berlage Bridge cheer an Allied bomber 1945 Joy and sadness A celebration at the Dam on 7 May is ruined when people are killed after German soldiers shoot at the crowd On 8 May Amsterdam is officially liberated Otto Frank returns He knows that Edith is dead He only hears later that his two daughters have not survived 1945 Joy and sadness 1945 When I got back to Amsterdam everything was in ruins Hélène Egger picture Nol Escher We re free we re free we re free picture Flowers on the Weteringplantsoen picture Commemorations at Rozenoord picture People on the Dam flee from machinegun fire picture Cas

    Original URL path: http://www.annefrankhuis.nl/en/Subsites/Annes-Amsterdam/Timeline/Before-the-war/1938/1938/Princess-Juliana-visits-the-new-Jewish-Invalide-on-the-Weesperstraat/?viewtype=Location (2015-08-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Anne Frank's Amsterdam
    Hélène Egger The war had started but I didn t really care picture Cas Oorthuys A direct hit on the Herengracht picture Clouds of smoke above the River IJ play movie Martha van Collem Every two minutes a siren went off picture Boris Kowadlo Harmless books were burnt too picture Truus Wijsmuller helps 73 children escape to England picture Paula Bakker Days in May slideshow German soldiers on the Berlage Bridge picture SS troops on the Dam picture Occupiers in the city text Boris Kowadlo The people are angry It was afternoon in Amsterdam when we got the message that Holland had surrendered people were very disappointed when they heard that the Royal Family and the government had fled to England play movie Joop Zoutberg When the Germans came in May 1940 they seemed to be proper men picture The Raadhuisstraat picture The Netherlands blacked out picture In June 1940 the German police arrest German Jewish immigrants picture A battalion of German soldiers march through the Sarphatistraat picture The first anti Jewish measures picture Jewish ritual slaughter is forbidden 5 August 1940 picture WA members destroy a Sabbath pole on the Zeeburgerdijk picture Bombs fall on Amsterdam picture Fighting between the WA and Jews on the Amstelveld picture It doesn t seem like there s a war going on slideshow Seven people are killed when bombs fall on the Rechtboomsloot picture Two people are killed when bombs fall on the Urkstraat picture Otto Frank Opekta moves to the Prinsengracht 263 play movie The WA marches through Amsterdam 1941 Jews allowed to do and less It starts with a cinema ban but rapidly Jews are banned from virtually all public places Jewish children must attend separate schools This also applies to Anne and Margot Frank 1941 Jews allowed to do and less 1941 We weren t allowed to go to many places anymore Hélène Egger picture Anne on skates picture An air raid shelter under the bridge by the Westermarkt on the corner of the Keizersgracht picture Puppet show on the Dam picture Cinemas are forbidden for Jews picture Members of the WA attack Caliënte dance hall picture The WA provokes brawls on the Rembrandtplein picture New windows for Café De Kroon on the Rembrandtplein picture Members of the WA destroy Café Alcazar on the Thorbeckeplein slideshow Brawls in the Jewish neighborhood picture German sentry post on the Blauwbrug picture The Aryanistion of Gerzon Fashion Store picture The Jewish Council is set up picture Shop windows smashed in the Jodenbreestraat picture Parade past the SS and SD offices on the Herengracht picture WA Member Koot is buried picture Entrance to the public air raid shelter on the Rokin picture Paula Bakker Good bad and in between picture Raid on the Koco ice cream parlour on the Van Woustraat picture The first raids picture Calls for the February Strike on the Noordermarkt text One of the owners of the Koco ice cream parlour is executed It is the first execution in the Netherlands during the Second World War picture The monument to Herman Heijermans in the Leidsche Bosje is torn down text Leendert Schijveschuurder a communist and a Jew is executed on 6 March 1941 Just prior to this Schijveschuurder is caught posting bills calling for a strike on 6 March play audio Seyss Inquart gives a speech in the Concertgebouw picture The Song of the Eighteen Dead picture NSB member Tulp becomes Chief Commissioner of the police force slideshow Signs designate Amsterdam s Jewish quarter picture Overview of the distribution of Jews in Amsterdam picture Horse drawn taxis at the Central Station picture Three hundred Jews across the city arrested picture Announcement of the death of Arnold Heilbut picture Bomb damage in the Von Zesenstraat picture Seyss Inquart gives a speech at a meeting held on the grounds of the Ice Skating Club picture The last family photo picture Miep and Jan Gies marry in the townhall on the Oudezijds Voorburgwal picture No sport for Margot picture Tuschinski on fire picture Carnation Day resistance by the Dutch population play movie Anne filmed picture Opening of the Police Battalion barracks on the Cornelius Troostplein picture A bomb damage on the Noorder Amstellaan picture Anne at the Jewish school picture Jews are banned from public places picture Lippmann Rosenthal Co opens on the Sarphatistraat picture All over the city Forbidden for Jews signs appear picture A sign with Judenstrasse Jewish Street near to the Nieuwe Kerkstraat picture Hélène Egger We weren t allowed to go to many places anymore picture Special markets for Jews picture Parool worker Arie Addicks is executed picture A German banner on the palace picture The Jewish Symphony Orchestra gives the opening concert in the Jewish Theatre picture Hélène Egger Saturday was a nice day It was Sabbath 1942 It becomes more dangerous for Jews On her thirteenth birthday Anne Frank receives a diary A few days later she writes about the situation in Amsterdam The introduction of the Jewish star and the raids In July the Frank family goes into hiding 1942 It becomes more dangerous for Jews 1942 One day Greetje had gone She had left the Schouwburg Disappeared As if she had never been there Lydia Riezouw picture Bomb attack on Het Bolwerk in the Kalverstraat picture All the Forbidden for Jews signs replaced picture Anne Frank A home cinema picture Cas Oorthuys Taking photographs all over the country picture A Jewish diamond dealer is searched picture Jewish men leave for work camps from the Amstel Station picture The courtyard at the Hollandsche Schouwburg picture Jewish Quarter picture Daubed shopfront in the Vijzelstraat picture The NSB shows its affiliation with Nazi Germany picture Hélène Egger Everybody looked at it After the introduction of the Jewish star the raids really started Neighbours and friends received their papers to report After the curfew roads were closed off and the bridges opened Joop Zoutberg picture Heinrich Himmler on the Museumplein play movie Film party at Anne s picture A rare photo of Peter van Pels picture A British plane comes down on the Noorderakerweg text Antisemitic complaints about an ice cream parlour picture A diary for Anne picture Jewish market opened on the Minervaplein picture Anne Frank Forbidden for Jews play movie Laureen Klein The first call ups came at the end of the school year picture The Office for Jewish Affairs in the Nieuwe Doelenstraat picture The Franks go into hiding picture Jews are called up to work in Germany picture Boris Kowadlo I didn t hesitate about going play movie Anne to Switzerland play movie Helpers in the office picture Raid in the Waterlooplein and Nieuwmarkt area picture Joop Zoutberg The raids start play movie Otto Treumann Escape from arrest slideshow A Jewish postage stamp trader shows his papers picture Amsterdam Jews have to hand in their bicycles picture Saved from the Schouwburg As soon as I went inside I knew something terrible had happened There was no scenery on the stage and it looked as if there had been a burglary Actress Silvia Grohs slideshow Last seen in the Hollandsche Schouwburg picture Hélène Egger We received a couple of postcards from Julius from the Hollandsche Schouwburg slideshow Streets with Jewish names are renamed picture Joop Zoutberg Like rats in a trap text Empty houses in the Transvaal neighbourhood are given to Jewish families picture Hélène Egger I thought you only went into hiding if you were afraid picture Anne Frank The English radio says they re being gassed picture Cas Oorthuys A house full of people in hiding picture Jewish employees from the Hollandia Factory on Kattenburg are deported picture Paula Bakker Hartog Frank picture Anne Frank Sad news from the outside world picture Nol Escher Where have the people gone to Miep told us that they were dragging Jews from house after house again in South Amsterdam Anne Frank picture Joop Zoutberg People in hiding next to the matzo factory play movie Hilde Jacobsthal Warning about German raids picture Esther Obstfeld celebrates Hanukkah in her hiding place text Anne Frank Hostages shot dead On 16 November the Dutch newspapers reveal that 15 hostages have been shot by the Nazis Anne writes about this in her diary 1943 Deportations and attacks While the Frank family is in hiding thousands of Jews are deported from Amsterdam The resistance tries to hinder the deportations by attacks including one on the Public Registry It doesn t stop them 1943 Deportations and attacks 1943 as the reports from outside grow worse and worse the radio with its wondrous voice helps us not to lose heart Anne Frank picture Jewish children in The Crèche opposite the Hollandsche Schouwburg play movie Hilde Jacobsthal Saving Jewish children via the crèche picture The Hollandsche Schouwburg was never intended for so many people picture SS shop window on the Dam picture The Rembrandt Theatre is set on fire play movie Otto Treumann Stay quiet as a mouse picture All clubs in Amsterdam are closed temporarily text Joop Zoutberg Here my marbles they re for you Femma Koekoek was the best marble player in the whole street She always won and she had the best marbles She was the same age as me but a bit smaller a Jewish girl with long dark hair picture A Jewish student tries to assassinate Attorney General J Feitsma picture Fires burn in the Gewestelijk Arbeidsbureau on the Passeerdersgracht picture Joop Zoutberg Mrs Feitsma couldn t leave Japie behind picture Nol Escher Three stars and four ordinary children picture A meeting of fascists in Hotel Krasnapolski picture Nol Escher Has he gone into hiding picture Hélène Egger I looked like a girl from the Jeugdstorm picture National Socialists on the Museumplein picture Hélène Egger I went from hell to heaven picture The occupier evacuates the Jewish Girls Orphanage on the Rapenburgerstraat picture Anne Frank Comfort in her father picture Residents of the Joodsche Invalide are removed picture Attack on the Public Records Offices on the Plantage Kerklaan The Register Office took an extra beating because the firemen flooded the whole building instead of just putting out the fire That does my heart good Anne Frank picture Cas Oorthuys At night you heard doors being kicked in picture Incendiary bombs fall on Amsterdam Oost slideshow Deported from the Panamakade picture Anne Frank Has nightmares about her thoughts play movie Ted Musaph The neighborhood is completely cut off picture A plane crashes behind the Carlton Hotel The entire corner of Vijzelstraat and Singel has gone up in flames The number of air strikes on German cities is increasing daily We haven t had a good night s rest in ages Anne writing about the crash near the Carlton Hotel picture Anne Frank A fierce dogfight text Four planes hit by anti aircraft guns One airplane crashes in the Van Bossestraat another on the Kometensingel and two crash by the Hembrug Nine people die and twelve are injured slideshow Massive deportations from the Jewish neighbourhood play movie Ted Musaph Going into hiding without parents picture Raid in the Rivierenbuurt play movie Ted Musaph Saved from deportation but nowhere to go text Anne Frank The radio as morale booster In July 1943 people living in the centre of Amsterdam have to hand in their radios Victor Kugler hands in the Opekta office radio picture Everyone must hand their radio in play movie Ted Musaph I didn t dare anymore picture House on the Palembangstraat is damaged by an anti aircraft rocket movie Martha van Collem All of South Amsterdam was cut off play picture Pauline van Waasdijk with her Jewish hidden baby Marijke whose real name is Ruth text Mixed marriage couples must relocate to the Transvaalbuurt picture The gasworks on the Linneauskade catches fire after being hit by a British bomb play movie Allied bombs fall near the Fokker factories picture Anne Frank Smouldering ruins in Amsterdam Noord picture The St Ritakerk takes a direct hit during mass picture Anne Frank Smoke rising from the harbour text An end to The Jewish Council Most of the Jews have been deported there is not enough work for the Council The Council s leaders and personnel are deported picture Paula Bakker Curfew picture Jopie Rood s house is plundered picture Fashion Store Hirsch Cie on the Leidseplein closes picture Norbert Klein is arrested and rescued from the Wilhelminagasthuis hospital play movie A familiar sound play movie Otto Treumann Resistance fighter set free picture Nol Escher I m one of the boys who had the most shrapnel picture Anything that damages the welfare of a healthy society should be purged play movie Otto Treumann Master forger in the resistance slideshow Hidden Jewish library discovered in the Grote Synagogue picture Cas Oorthuys A clergyman for a father picture Cas Oorthuys He entered the dark stairwell with a drawn pistol picture German soldiers marching through the Vondelstraat 1944 Discovered and arrested On 4 August the people in hiding in the secret annex are discovered and arrested From Westerbork they are taken to Auschwitz When the Allies land in the south of the Netherlands there is hope that the country will be liberated German soldiers and NSB members flee the country after Dolle Dinsdag Mad Tuesday 1944 Discovered and arrested 1944 The Allies arrive in Holland Boris Kowadlo text Signs with Jewish neighbourhood are taken down picture Paula Bakker Steenfatt picture German soldiers march into the Runstraat picture Anne Frank Shaking houses text Anne Frank A bomber crashes into a school The crash results in a huge fire in the school building a parsonage and several houses There are three dead and eight wounded of which five people are seriously injured and the other three are lightly wounded picture Arie Reinhold with Thea Klein in Artis Zoo play movie The chestnut tree picture Cas Oorthuys Photographer Cas Oorthuys arrested picture An attack on the detention centre on the Weteringschans picture The greengrocer arrested play audio Boris Kowadlo D Day is announced on the radio picture Resistance fighter Gerrit van der Veen is executed picture Gerhard Badrian betrayed and executed picture Second attack on the Weteringschans detention centre picture Anne Frank Betrayed play movie Jan Gies is a witness picture Anne Frank Her diary is left behind picture Prisoners text Boris Kowadlo The Allies land on Dutch soil It is Sunday 3 September and my friend Max and I are in the basement listening to the messages from Radio Orange and it is announced that the Allied troops are on Dutch soil picture Dolle Dinsdag Crazy Tuesday German soldiers flee picture Hélène Egger The end of the war was in sight text National Socialist refugees are shot at in a train in Diemen Fearing retribution collaborators dare not stay in the Netherlands picture Tieke Jansma on the roof of her house in the Nieuwe Prinsengracht with a hidden lady picture The German army destroys the Amsterdam Haven with explosives picture People in hiding listening to the radio in the Banstraat picture SD Officer Herbert Oelschlägel is assasinated slideshow Air raid on the Sicherheitsdienst in the Euterpestraat picture Nol Escher They re taking them away a man next to me says picture Bartering picture Falling petrol tanks text Boris Kowadlo If the lights don t work then everything dies There s no electricity in Amsterdam anymore and only gas for two hours every day You can t cook anymore and the situation is getting worse every day picture Freedom justice and prosperity according to the NSB picture NSB posters painted over with Traitors In Amsterdam everyone is hungry there s no fuel no gas no electricity and very little bread Boris Kowadlo picture Nol Escher He s been gone for days picture Nol Escher My neighbour Ernst has just turned 16 and risks being picked up picture Cas Oorthuys Photographs of resistance and hunger 1945 The winter of starvation takes its toll The winter of starvation plagues Amsterdam Many die from hunger and cold Edith Margot and Anne Frank die in the camps Only Otto Frank survives The Canadians reach Amsterdam 1945 The winter of starvation takes its toll 1945 Queuing always queuing Everywhere you see people queuing Nol Escher picture Nol Escher Queuing queuing especially for the soup kitchen picture No more electricity picture A man taking the wood out of his own home picture Nol Escher You can get wood there picture Houses collapse in the Rapenburgerstraat picture Joop Zoutberg It was everyone for themselves picture Bomb attack on the Spieghel School picture A raid on cyclists on the Dam picture NSB member Jan Feitsma is assassinated in the Jacob Obrechtstraat picture Please do not demolish this house is occupied picture Reprisal for Feitsma s death picture 53 people shot on the Amsteldijk picture Thirty people executed on the Weteringplantsoen picture Nol Escher They just picked them up and shot them picture Families near the naval barracks on the Kattenburg must leave their homes picture Because of coal shortages a bridge made from ferry boats is constructed across the River IJ picture Boris Kowadlo Everything is grey and terrible picture A beggar in the Vijzelstraat slideshow Food is dropped over Schiphol picture People on the Berlage Bridge cheer an Allied bomber 1945 Joy and sadness A celebration at the Dam on 7 May is ruined when people are killed after German soldiers shoot at the crowd On 8 May Amsterdam is officially liberated Otto Frank returns He knows that Edith is dead He only hears later that his two daughters have not survived 1945 Joy and sadness 1945 When I got back to Amsterdam everything was in ruins Hélène Egger picture Nol Escher We re free we re free we re free picture Flowers on the Weteringplantsoen picture Commemorations at Rozenoord picture People on the Dam flee from machinegun fire picture Cas Oorthuys Photographs of the shooting on the Dam picture Collaborators are arrested text Joop Zoutberg They were shot before my very eyes In May 1945 there were

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  • This site
    about the project Read more Navigatie Anne Frank To Anne Frank Life in Germany Emigrating to the Netherlands The German invasion The hiding place A diary as a best friend The Arrest Otto Frank returns The diary of Anne Frank In brief All people The Secret Annex Online Wander around the furnished spaces Go inside Anne Frank Timeline Historical events in visual timeline To the timeline Anne Frank s Amsterdam Available in Dutch English and German More Museum To Museum Practical information Online ticket sales Group visits for schools Group programmes Exhibitions The Anne Frank Collections From hiding place to museum Opening hours prices and location Visit the Anne Frank House More Online ticket sales Avoid the queue More Exhibitions in the Anne Frank House More Education To Education Teachers portal Group visits for schools Travelling exhibitions Special projects Racism Extremism Teachers portal Lessons ideas and tips for school teachers and contemporary themes This is what we do Travelling exhibition Anne Frank A History for Today travels around the world More Group visits schools Programs for elementary and secondary schools More News To News News Newsletters Press Annual Report 2014 News All News and Press Releases More Newsletter Are you interested in our activities More Press Information for the press More Online store To Online store Books DVD s Postcards Educational materials Anne Frank House Construction kit of the Secret Annex More A museum with a story Museum catalogue of the Anne Frank House More E book Who was who in the Secret Annex More Zoeken Metanavigatie Social media Youth Teachers Press Organisation Mobile English Basic information in Afrikaans Bahasa Indonesia Čeština Dansk Deutsch English Español Français Italiano Nederlands Norsk Polski Português Română Slovenčine Suomi Svenska Türkçe Русский Українською ह द ไทย の日本語情報 한국어 简体中文版 繁體中文版 Website Nederlands English Deutsch

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  • Glossary
    actions mostly went into hiding while still supporting the resistance Immigrants Immigrants are people who want to settle in another country or area Jews This refers to all those with a Jewish mother and or are of the Jewish faith Orthodox Jews are strict religious followers liberal Jews less strict Jewish star A yellow star with six points with the word Jew in the middle which all Jews from six years of age had to wear from May 1942 Journeys in search of food During the hongerwinter winter of starvation of 1944 many people from cities in the west of the Netherlands journeyed to the countryside in search of food They were often given this food but sometimes had to pay large amounts of money or exchange goods to obtain it Kristallnacht Night of Broken Glass In the night of 9 10 November 1938 the Nazis murdered more than 100 Jews in Germany Hundreds of synagogues and Jewish shops were destroyed The night got its name because of all the shattered windows LO Abbreviation for the Landelijke Organisatie voor Hulp aan Onderduikers National organisation for helping people in hiding National Socialism This word refers to the German Nazi Party NSDAP Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei National Socialist German Workers Party of which Adolf Hitler was its leader NSB Abbr Nazis Followers of National Socialism were known as Nazis eviation for the Nationaal Socialistische Beweging A Dutch wing of the Nazi Party set up on 1931 by Anton Mussert NSDAP Abbreviation for Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei National Socialist German Workers Party Hitler s political party which was established in 1920 PBC Abbreviation for Persoonsbewijzencentrale Central office for identity papers This was an underground organisation during the Second World War which arranged forged identity papers for resistance members and people in hiding People in hiding Those who hid from the occupiers Persecution of the Jews Hitler and his followers persecuted the Jews They registered isolated deported and murdered millions of Jews in Germany and the countries they occupied in Europe Pulsen In Amsterdam most of the houses of deported Jews were emptied of possessions by order of the German by the occupier by the Puls Moving Company The verb used to describe this action was known as pulsen Racism To differentiate people on the grounds of their ethnicity and to attribute negative characteristics to certain groups Radio Orange A daily radio programme broadcast from London This Dutch broadcast gave news about the war and was known as Radio Orange Razzia Raid Raids where streets or whole neighbourhoods were cordoned off houses searched and people arrested and taken away Refugees People who leave their country because of the political situation or due to war The Frank family fled from Nazi Germany in 1933 and built up a new life in the Netherlands Resistance Civilians who resisted against the Nazis by for example attacking public registry offices forging ration coupons helping people in hiding or by acts of sabotage RVV Abbreviation for Raad van Verzet Resistance Council

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  • List of sources
    tekst Amsterdam Lubberhuizen cop 2004 158 p ill ISBN 90 5937 063 5 Newspapers and periodicals Ons Amsterdam Films De bevrijding van Amsterdam Hilversum Tijdsbeeld Media 2010 Oorlog in Amsterdam samenst Hans van den Berg Etten Leur TDM 2011 Amsterdam in de Tweede Wereldoorlog Etten Leur TDM 2011 Images NIOD Institute for War Holocaust and Genocide Studies Amsterdam City Archives Websites Amsterdams 4 5 mei Comité Oorlogsmonumenten Download PDF in Dutch only Download the list of sources about Amsterdam 131KB Anne Frank Books The diary of Anne Frank the revised critical edition prep by the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation introd by Harry Paape Gerrold van der Stroom and David Barnouw with a summary of the report by the Netherlands Forensic Institute comp by H J J Hardy ed by David Barnouw and Gerrold van der Stroom transl from the Dutch by Arnold J Pomerans B M Mooyaaert Doubleday and Susan Massotty New York NY etc Doubleday cop 2003 IX 851 p ill ISBN 0 385 50847 6 Anne Frank remembered the story of the woman who helped to hide the Frank family Miep Gies with Alison Leslie Gold New York NY Simon Schuster 1988 252 p ill ISBN 0 671 66234 1 My name is Anne she said Anne Frank Jacqueline van Maarsen transl from the Dutch by Hester Velmans London Arcadia 2007 176 p ill ISBN 1 905147 10 4 Films Anne Frank remembered written prod and dir by Jon Blair narrated by Kenneth Branagh London Jon Blair Film Company 2010 Otto Frank father of Anne dir David de Jongh prod Pieter van Huystee Amsterdam Living Colour Entertainment cop 2010 Websites The Secret Annex Online The Anne Frank Timeline Anne Frank s History Download PDF in Dutch only Download the sources list about Anne Frank pdf 49KB Visit Hollandsche Schouwburg Joods Historisch Museum Verzetsmuseum Navigatie Anne Frank To Anne Frank Life in Germany Emigrating to the Netherlands The German invasion The hiding place A diary as a best friend The Arrest Otto Frank returns The diary of Anne Frank In brief All people The Secret Annex Online Wander around the furnished spaces Go inside Anne Frank Timeline Historical events in visual timeline To the timeline Anne Frank s Amsterdam Available in Dutch English and German More Museum To Museum Practical information Online ticket sales Group visits for schools Group programmes Exhibitions The Anne Frank Collections From hiding place to museum Opening hours prices and location Visit the Anne Frank House More Online ticket sales Avoid the queue More Exhibitions in the Anne Frank House More Education To Education Teachers portal Group visits for schools Travelling exhibitions Special projects Racism Extremism Teachers portal Lessons ideas and tips for school teachers and contemporary themes This is what we do Travelling exhibition Anne Frank A History for Today travels around the world More Group visits schools Programs for elementary and secondary schools More News To News News Newsletters Press Annual Report 2014 News All News and Press Releases More Newsletter Are

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