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  • nomos XIIi
    Head dorsal view 2 Head ventral view 3 Mandible 4 Maxilla ventral view t tentorium lbr upper lip labrum fr frons frontal plate lpl side plates of head md mandible lb lower lip labium mx maxilla p mx maxillary palp

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nomos_12i.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nomos XIIj
    2 Head ventral view 3 Lower lip labium and maxilla ventral view 4 upper lip labrum ventral view 5 Clypeus and upper lip dorsal view plb labial palp lbr upper lip cl clypeus fr frons frontal plate lpl side plate

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nomos_12j.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nomos XIIk
    head of the larva of Mycetobia sp Mycetobiidae 1 Head ventral view 2 Maxilla 3 Lower lip labium ventral view 4 Upper lip labrum ventral view 5 Mandible lbr upper lip lb lower lip md mandible mx maxilla pmd premandible

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nomos_12k.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nomos XIVa
    1 Head dorsal view 2 Antenna 3 Upper lip labrum and clypeus ventral view 4 5 mandible 6 Maxilla ventral view 7 Hypopharynx and lower lip labium ventral view 8 Middle part of the head capsule ventral view hyp hypopharynx

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nomos_14a.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nomos XIVb
    Oligophryneidae holotype coll PIN No 358 120 Length 1 65 mm B Protorhyphus turanicus ROHD Protorhyphidae holotype coll PIN No 371 1 Length 2 7 mm C Protolbiogaster rhaetica ROHD Protolbiogastridae holotype coll PIN No 371 114 Length 4 7

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nomos_14b.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nomos XXVIIa
    state is indicated in the mentioned diagram by a blue point at the end of the red line connecting this state with the initial plesiomorphous state of the same character A red line without such a blue point connects the same states of the given character In all this we assume that there cannot take place transitions that go from an apomorphic to a plesiomorphic state of a given character that is evolution will never be exactly reversed In the diagram that follows that is in the mentioned Diagram 1 wings of a number of recent cyclorraphic and some other species of flies are compared with each other as to their wing venation A Nephrocerus scutellatus MACQ Dorilaidae Pipunculidae Cyclorrapha After HENNIG 1954 B Syrphus ribesii L Syrphidae Cyclorrapha After HENNIG 1954 C Conops flavipes L Conopidae Cyclorrapha After HENNIG 1954 D Sicus ferrugineus L Conopidae Cyclorrapha After HENNIG 1954 E Clythia picta MEIG Clythiidae Cyclorrapha After ROHDENDORF 1951 F Callimyia speciosa MEIG Clythiidae Cyclorrapha After HENNIG 1954 G Sciopus albifrons MEIG Dolichopodidae Orthorrapha After HENNIG 1954 H Dolichopus picipes MEIG Dolichopodidae Orthorrapha After HENNIG 1954 I Fannia sp Anthomyiidae Cyclorrapha After ROHDENDORF 1951 J Orthellia sp Muscidae Cyclorrapha After ROHDENDORF 1951 K Linnaemyia vulpina FALL Larvaevoridae Cyclorrapha After ROHDENDORF 1951 Comparison of the states of certain venational characters as present in the venational groundplan of the Cyclorrapha see figure above is expressed in terms of noëtic interactions taking place in the Implicate Order and the results projected into the Explicate Order Diagram 1 Morphological relations between the states of a number of characters as they are found in the wing venation of recent cyclorraphic and a few other flies The plesiomorphous state of the cubital cell in A Nephrocerus Dorilaidae is also found in B Syrphus Syrphidae This might be the result of noëtic interaction between the formal contents as they are in the form of noëtic entities present in the Implicate Order of Nephrocerus scutellatus and Syrphus ribesii An evolutionary derivation of the whole wing of A from that of B or the other way around seems unlikely Instead only one character has been captured by one of them from the other formation of the cubital cell from a condition in which it did not yet exist If we go from A Nephrocerus Dorilaidae to C Conops Conopidae we see a transformation of the fifth radial cell loss of M2 and debouching of M1 in posterior branch of Rs This transformed cell might also have its previous that is its plesiomorphous state in D Sicus also Conopidae or even in B Syrphus Syrphidae In E Clythia Clythiidae we see the cubital cell still in its primitive state while the position of r m is apomorphous the cross vein is shifted toward the wing base It is apomorph with respect to for instance I Fannia Anthomyiidae In I Fannia the state of the cubital cell is apomophous with respect to that in E and F both Clythiidae But the

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/insect/nomos_27a.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nomos XXVIIr
    Paulianina hova ALEX 61 Bibiocephala grandis O S 62 Bibiocephala doanei KELL 63 Blepharocera fasciata WESTW 64 Hapalothrix lugubris Lw 65 Apistomyia elegans BIG 66 Hammatorrhina bella Lw From HENNIG 1954 The first picture Edwardsina 59 might be seen as

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/insect/nomos_27r.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nomos XXVIIs
    and Ptychopteridae Liriopeidae Nematocera Reading from left to right and from top to bottom 7 Pales dorsalis FABR Tipulidae 8 Idiotipula confluens ALEX Tipulidae 19 Molophilus flavoscutellatus LACKSCH Limoniidae 10 Phalacrocera replicata L Cylindrotomidae 17 Stibadocerella albitarsis De MEIJ Cylindrotomidae 18 Trichocera regelationis L Trichoceridae 20 Tricyphona protea ALEX Limoniidae 21 Limnophila ferruginea MEIG Limoniidae 27 Atarba picticornis O S Limonidae 28 Toxorhina muliebris O S Limonidae 38 Liriope scutellaris

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/insect/nomos_27s.html (2016-02-01)
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