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  • wings 15g note 858
    or multipolar nature of the components and thus to inter molecular or adjunct valence forces In addition to inter molecular super molecule formation there may be intra molecular association Compare maleine acid with the association of both COOH groups both at the same side of the chain or axis both pointing in the same direction and fumaric acid in which this is not so both COOH groups pointing in opposite directions Consequence strong difference in heat of evaporation Maleine acid and fumaric acid are isomerous same composition different structure acids in this case respectively cis and trans isomers A measure of the degree of bond strength in MC is the bond or better association energy which can be determined as heat after mixing of the reaction A B AB The counter value and thus the separation energy may always statistically easily be produced again so that most often already a light shaking already results in a breakdown If in the interaction between dipoles and polarizable molecules one speaks also of association complexes there is a strong mutual influence on the electronic systems electron clouds then we have the special case of deformation complexes forming a transition to chemical compounds The qualitative possibilities opportunities inherent in the super molecular aggregation to which also applies a law of multiple proportions are definitely limited and in themselves one has while ignoring an alleged vitalistic steering agent to derive a possible appearance of special features from such interactions show not a spark of that far reaching multiplicity as it occurs and is needed in the organismic i e in organisms The so called emergence of new qualities or features in and as MC masks the fact that the components themselves become impoverished as to qualities that they the components become more stable less inclined to react in a lesser degree transformable and active that they more than before become ossified Now one might say true chemical bondings carry things still further This is right when one has in mind certain most general features which in the present context are immaterial Special new features emerge in new substances and thus after chemical bonding is established One should compare the fact that the type protein and thus a general feature is already indicated by the single amino acid that it is completely represented by macropolypeptides very well represented by oligopeptides i e consisting of only a small number of amino acid residues and satisfactorily already by a tri or tetra peptide whereas the tri or tetra merous condition in the one single free amino acid i e its associational identical parts intra molecularly MC or also its aggregational different parts intra molecularly MC stands further away from the protein type than does the monomer i e amino acid without intra molecular repeating units equal or different As an example of say a tri merous amino acid not to be confused with a chain of amino acid residues connected to each other by the peptide bond may

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/wings/wings_15h_note858.html (2016-02-01)
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  • wings 15g note 859
    atom atom bonds From the fact that neither native still naturally folded nor resynthesized cattle oxyhaemoglobin form an adduct globine on the contrary does form a very firm one it is believed that the guest molecules take the places of the haems in haemoglobin In the encasing sites the guest molecules are supposed to be more or less completely enclosed Whether ferments may be viewed as possible EC one has

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/wings/wings_15h_note859.html (2016-02-01)
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  • wings 15g note 860
    in the hollow for example of cyclodextrine from which follows that there polar and polarizable molecules are bound It follows further that as a result of the formation of EC chemical equilibria are shifted toward the side of more strongly polar or more easily polarizable reactants In the case of proteins one most often has to do with systems which do not comply with a simple mass action law and

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/wings/wings_15h_note860.html (2016-02-01)
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  • wings 15g note 861
    often have a developmental physiologically and metabolic physiologically surprising range They hold on as long as the equilibrium between bacterial aggressivity and host defence endures and finally end normally with the fact that the host gains dominance and the micro organisms first degenerate and finally perish Depending on the age of the host and on the season a pronounced pleomorphism presence of something by a number of different forms is significant for the morphology of the symbionts a pleomorphism experienced by the micro organisms in the course of the developement of the host The symbiotically living nitrogen bonding leguminose tubercle inhabiting bacteria must control a very ancient mechanism Perhaps it once had played a larger role The enzyme system here operating is still at least up to 1953 unknown Perhaps remarkable here is the skeletal similarity with the O 2 CO 2 bonding mechanism because the presence of a haematin like dye seems to be indispensable Maybe the recent O 2 CO 2 N 2 forms are specializations of some polypotent one The until now most complete symbiotic condition is represented as a special case by the intra cellular symbioses For example in the amoeba Pelomyxa measuring as one of the largest 1 3 mm being in fact one enlarged pseudopodium in which there is no distinction between ecto and endo plasm to be found no pure denaturation membrane It harbours bacteria which probably operate as cellulose splitters and so ease the amoeba s feeding maintaining the bacteria in return This is a clear intermediate towards parasitism True intra cellular symbionts showing a kind of parasitism but still with favorable collateral effects for the host we find in blattids cockroaches to be distingued from symbionts like chloroplasts and others In multi cellular life there are no such harmonic because truly

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/wings/wings_15h_note861.html (2016-02-01)
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