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  • nature 3 note 53
    simple bonds in the carbon chain instead of Butane In fact the term saturated still in a chemical context is still broader because saturated can also be the case with respect to other chemical elements But this subject does not stand for one individual being and also not for a species It stands for a genus One of its species is Butane another species is Propane etc Saturated is it is true a difference but not a phenotypical representative of a differentia s p e c i f i c a that is to say it doesn t together with unsaturated distinguish species but subgenera of the genus hydrocarbons or genera of the super genus hydrocarbons for that matter These sub genera are saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons Indication of the specific quality that is the specific difference is especially with respect to inorganic beings not easy For Butane of which the individuals are the single Butane molecules the difference could read containing four linearly bonded carbon atoms with this difference the genus saturated hydrocarbon is determined i e qualified to the species Butane There are however also other chemical compounds possessing this feature for instance butanoic acid butyric acid See next Figure Figure above Like Butane Butanoic acid contains four linearly bonded carbon atoms in each of its molecules But as soon as we add to this qualification completely saturated with hydrogen that is with hydrogen only excluding now butyric acid which in addition to hydrogen also contains oxygen then we have a complete and specific characterization of Butane containing four linearly bonded carbon atoms completely saturated with hydrogen However this characterization then is also equivalent with respect to content to the species and is thus not a genuine difference anymore So we must stick with the difference containing

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_3_note_53.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nature 3 note 54a
    And indeed the extension of the difference is either equal to that of the species which it should be or larger than it In both cases we may therefore speak of subsumed In this way like in the other examples and especially like in the proposition A human being is rational an Ice crystal IS the further qualification involving the chemical compound H 2 O of the concrete general crystallization

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_3_note_54a.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nature 3 note 54b
    of an individual This is allowed because this predication can be the conclusion of a syllogism Socrates is a human being predicating a species of an individual A human being has the ability to laugh predicating a proprium of a

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_3_note_54b.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nature 3 note 56
    56 postscutellum a bulge at the rear end of the thorax which although indeed typical is not as far as we know essential to these parasitic flies Back to main

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_3_note_56.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nature 3 note 58
    Note 58 Aggressivity is varying on the subject a shark is not constantly aggressive Back to main text

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_3_note_58.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nature 3 note 60a
    because in addition to purple not representing here a complete or incomplete Essence it also does not figure as if it were such an essence as it would have done so in the predication purple is a color and would then be a predicare in quid And because of the alleged per se nature of the predication a crystal of Chrome Alum is purple the term purple as it figures in this predication either belongs to the Predicable Difference or to the Predicable Proprium But it can be neither of them because its extension is larger than that of the subject a crystal of Chrome Alum Recall that the extension of a difference must fully coincide with that of the species and the same goes for a proprium unless we consider a generic instead of specific proprium but then the collection of objects possessing this proprium must be such that it can be signified by a true genus or higher logical class term This is however not the case with the domain of objects having a purple color The collection of all Chrome Alum crystals all other purple objects is not such that it can be signified by one or another genus or higher logical class term It is a collection of disparate objects generally having only their purple color in common So the predication a crystal of Chrome Alum is purple is accidental after all despite the fact that such crystals persistently have this color In every Chrome Alum crystal there must be some physical or chemical structural aspect that is responsible for the color purple This structural aspect absorbs certain wavelengths of incident white light and reflects and scatters others resulting in the crystal looking purple So being purple can be referred back to this structural aspect which

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_3_note_60a.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nature 3 note 62
    the difference a necessary unity because instead of the rational Socrates we can also say the discursively thinking capable Socrates Man directly stands for the human dynamical law the genotypic domain Rational here stands that is it is here so meant directly for a part of the dynamical law and thus also refers to the genotypic domain capable of laughing ability to laugh however stands for a determination here a

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_3_note_62.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nature 3 note 63
    white Socrates which indicates a unity But the difference from the previous predications is that the unity or twoness is not necessary that is the unity or twoness is not

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_3_note_63.html (2016-02-01)
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