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  • nature 3 note 81
    If we in an appropriate and relevant context interpret this as a determination and thus let the corresponding term refer to something in the phenotypic domain of the Totality Back

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_3_note_81.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nature 3 note 84
    its lattice points are now occupied by a new species of atom So the Space Group remains the same Only the chemical composition changes But because this chemical change is just a substitution of atoms by similar atoms we can in a way say that the chemical composition did not change at all This way of expressing ourselves can be accomplished by including into the specification of the chemical composition of a given crystal the equivalence of several different atomic species indicating the fact that they can easily substitute for each other Let us be more concrete by using a definite example The crystallization of Alum from an aquous solution Here it is known that chromium atoms can take the place of aluminum atoms that is they can occupy lattice points where normally aluminum atoms should reside Consequently there are two alums Potash Alum KAl SO 4 2 12H 2 O and Chrome Alum KCr SO 4 2 12H 2 O The chemical composition of any given Alum crystal whether potash alum chrome alum or a mixture of them can be indicated by the following single formula K Al Cr SO 4 2 12H 2 O This formula indicates the

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_3_note_84.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nature 3 note 85
    amino acid in other words each nucleotide triplet means a certain amino acid some triplets stand for punctuation marks In fact here it is about nucleotide triplets of messenger RNA which are a bit different from the triplets in DNA They do however directly originate from the DNA by way of a transcription process It is the Genetic Code which seems to be universal for organisms that determines the correspondencies Thus for example the RNA nucleotid triplet UCA which are the nucleotides Uracil Cytosine and Adenine codes for the amino acid Serine the triplet AGA Adenine Guanine Adenine for the amino acid Arginine the triplet UAA for a punctuation mark etc A different Code would entail a different DNA structure Nevertheless it would be about the same instructions so with respect to this the DNA structure would be the same but the chemical structure would be different The Genetic Code is collectively contained in the transport RNA molecules but the DNA contains the moulds for these molecules which means that DNA also contains the definition of its own language See among others HOFSTADTER D R Gödel Escher Bach Dutch edition 1988 p 607 and p 634 English edition 2000 p 523 and p 546 7 The above account is however one that goes from the goal to the means The real active state of affairs in the organism is of course precisely the other way around the means realizes the goal The dynamical law is immanently contained in the relevant system elements partly implicitly partly more explicitly namely in the DNA It accordingly resides in the system elements But for the functioning of a given organism a definite garnish of proteins is necessary In order that these proteins can be produced in and by the organism an evolution has taken

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_3_note_85.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nature 3 note 85a-1
    1 But in contrast to say capable of laughing it can be replaced by another accident in a natural way that is without involving severe damage of the Totality Back

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_3_note_85a-1.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nature 3 note 85a
    to its body and also as regards the whole crystal itself for that matter that it satisfies 2 of Definition 8 X does not involve inherence It could still be a concrete part of a Substance including the Accidents of that part and by consequence not a part of a carrier only However in the example we stipulate that we look to the crystal and thus to any of its

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_3_note_85a.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nature 3 note 85b
    individual implying that all replaceable determinations are removed so it satisfies 2 of Defintion 8 X does not have a partition of it into mutually separable parts there are no internal bona fide boundaries whatsoever that is no internal boundaries that correspond to physical discontinuities so it satisfies 3 of Defintion 8 when X was a crystal of a quartzite X could have a partition namely as a result of

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_3_note_85b.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nature 4 note 87
    Note 87 It would be better to call it a pros hen equivocal See for this Part I Back to main text

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_4_note_87.html (2016-02-01)
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  • nature 4 note 93
    the principle of individuation then it proceeds in the way of a part And in this way it is signified by te name humanity After all humanity indicates that in virtue of which a human being is a human being

    Original URL path: http://www.metafysica.nl/nature/nature_4_note_93.html (2016-02-01)
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