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  • WPCI - OPS -
    3 Check Step 4 Act OPS calculation tool Manual Equipment and solutions Standardization Shipowners perspective FAQ Glossary Links Ports Standardization organizations Governmental organizations Sector organizations Non Governmental organizations Website initiators Website developers Contact Library Terminal selection Co operation Legal analysis E U policy U S policy Stepwise approach Step 1 Plan Step 2 Do Step 3 Check Step 4 Act OPS calculation tool Manual Equipment and solutions Standardization Shipowners perspective WPCI Implementation Terminal selection Terminal selection Not all ports will be equally suitable for installing OPS and the particular local situation should therefore be carefully reviewed Distance to local communities As implementation of OPS will often involve significant investment air quality modelling should be used to analyse whether and to what extent neighbouring communities indeed stand to benefit At the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach there is no buffer zone between the local community and the port and drastic control measures may therefore be needed in the form of OPS At the Port of Rotterdam on the other hand research has shown that installating OPS at the Euromax terminal at Maasvlakte 2 would not benefit local communities as these are located outside the immediate region of air quality

    Original URL path: http://www.ops.wpci.nl/implementation-1/terminal-selection/ (2013-05-05)
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  • WPCI - OPS -
    Standardization Shipowners perspective FAQ Glossary Links Ports Standardization organizations Governmental organizations Sector organizations Non Governmental organizations Website initiators Website developers Contact Library Terminal selection Co operation Legal analysis E U policy U S policy Stepwise approach Step 1 Plan Step 2 Do Step 3 Check Step 4 Act OPS calculation tool Manual Equipment and solutions Standardization Shipowners perspective WPCI Implementation Co operation Create a working group with relevant parties To

    Original URL path: http://www.ops.wpci.nl/implementation-1/co-operation/ (2013-05-05)
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  • WPCI - OPS -
    organizations Sector organizations Non Governmental organizations Website initiators Website developers Contact Library Terminal selection Co operation Legal analysis E U policy U S policy Stepwise approach Step 1 Plan Step 2 Do Step 3 Check Step 4 Act OPS calculation tool Manual Equipment and solutions Standardization Shipowners perspective WPCI Implementation Legal analysis Legal analysis The following section discusses policies of relevance for the use of OPS in the European Union

    Original URL path: http://www.ops.wpci.nl/implementation-1/legal-analysis/ (2013-05-05)
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  • WPCI - OPS -
    selection Co operation Legal analysis E U policy U S policy Stepwise approach Step 1 Plan Step 2 Do Step 3 Check Step 4 Act OPS calculation tool Manual Equipment and solutions Standardization Shipowners perspective WPCI Implementation Legal analysis E U policy EU Policy EU recommendation The European Commission has been studying the effects of use of onshore power Based on this work the European Commission has issued a recommendation stating that Member States should consider the installation of shore side electricity for use by ships at berth in ports particularly in ports where air quality limit values are exceeded or where public concern is expressed about high levels of noise nuisance and especially in berths situated near residential areas Furthermore the EU has called for the development of harmonized international standards for shore side electrical connections taking into account ongoing work by the IEC ISO working group The European Commission also invites Member States to consider offering economic incentives to operators to use shore side electricity provided to ships taking advantage of the possibilities set out in Community legislation Energy tax reduction In 2007 the Commission presented a Communication on an Integrated Maritime Policy for the European Union In

    Original URL path: http://www.ops.wpci.nl/implementation-1/legal-analysis/e-dot-u-dot--policy/ (2013-05-05)
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  • WPCI - OPS -
    tool Manual Equipment and solutions Standardization Shipowners perspective WPCI Implementation Legal analysis U S policy U S policy Fuel quality requirements In the coming years fuel quality guidelines are set to become stricter With the introduction of a maximum of 0 1 S for fuel used at berth in the European Union and California running auxiliary engines at berth will become more expensive as use of HFO will no longer be possible Within the 24 nautical mile regulatory zone off the California coastline fuel requirements are in force for ocean going vessels with respect to their main propulsion diesel engines auxiliary diesel engines and auxiliary boilers when operating Fuel requirement Effective date Fuel Phase I July 1 2009 Marine gas oil at or below 1 5 S or Marine Diesel oil at or below 0 5 S Phase II January 1 2012 Marine gas oil or Marine Diesel oil at or below 0 1 S Regulation of auxiliary engines of vessels at berth There are presently no international requirements that would mandate or facilitate the use of OPS In December 2007 the CARB approved a regulation to reduce emissions from diesel auxiliary engines on container ships passenger ships and refrigerated cargo ships while berthed at a Californian port The regulation provides vessel fleet operators visiting these ports two options to reduce at berth emissions from auxiliary engines 1 Turn off auxiliary engines for most of a vessel s stay in port and connect the vessel to some other source of power most likely grid based shore power or 2 Use alternative control techniques that achieve equivalent emission reductions Examples include Non grid based shore power distributed generation equipment such as natural gas fuelled engines Emission controls installed on the ships e g particulate control traps selective catalytic reduction units and

    Original URL path: http://www.ops.wpci.nl/implementation-1/legal-analysis/u-dot-s-dot--policy/ (2013-05-05)
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  • WPCI - OPS -
    organizations Website initiators Website developers Contact Library Terminal selection Co operation Legal analysis E U policy U S policy Stepwise approach Step 1 Plan Step 2 Do Step 3 Check Step 4 Act OPS calculation tool Manual Equipment and solutions Standardization Shipowners perspective WPCI Implementation Stepwise approach Stepwise approach Implementation of OPS requires input of plenty of detailed local data from the various stakeholders mentioned above and careful planning and study Feasibility study There are many examples of feasibility studies being undertaken prior to implementation of an OPS project Examples include those carried out at the ports of Los Angeles Long Beach Rotterdam and Amsterdam The cost calculation tool contains all the relevant cost items and data needed to develop a feasibility study It should be borne in mind that it is impossible to quantify all the benefits accruing from OPS for example the value of improved working conditions onboard and at terminals These effects should be taken in into due account however The following two issues should always be carefully analyzed as these will generally have the greatest impact on the feasibility of an OPS project costs of local power supply distribution of vessel types and frequency of calls

    Original URL path: http://www.ops.wpci.nl/implementation-1/stepwise-approach/ (2013-05-05)
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  • WPCI - OPS -
    approach Step 1 Plan Step 2 Do Step 3 Check Step 4 Act OPS calculation tool Manual Equipment and solutions Standardization Shipowners perspective FAQ Glossary Links Ports Standardization organizations Governmental organizations Sector organizations Non Governmental organizations Website initiators Website developers Contact Library Terminal selection Co operation Legal analysis E U policy U S policy Stepwise approach Step 1 Plan Step 2 Do Step 3 Check Step 4 Act OPS calculation tool Manual Equipment and solutions Standardization Shipowners perspective WPCI Implementation Stepwise approach Step 1 Plan PLAN plan your implementation of Onshore Power Supply by doing a feasibility study 1 Take advantage of the experience and knowledge available at other ports in reports and at authorities on OPS 2 Find out what vessel fleet in your port would be most suitable for OPS preferably frequent calling vessels with long port stays and offering the greatest emission reduction potential 3 Determine the best technical approach by collecting data on electrical systems voltages frequencies fuel quality and fuel consumption on the vessels in question 4 Estimate the emission reduction potential using various scenarios vessels burning heavy fuel oil where legal compared with use of alternative energy like wind power preferably or the energy

    Original URL path: http://www.ops.wpci.nl/implementation-1/stepwise-approach/step-1--plan/ (2013-05-05)
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  • WPCI - OPS -
    organizations Non Governmental organizations Website initiators Website developers Contact Library Terminal selection Co operation Legal analysis E U policy U S policy Stepwise approach Step 1 Plan Step 2 Do Step 3 Check Step 4 Act OPS calculation tool Manual Equipment and solutions Standardization Shipowners perspective WPCI Implementation Stepwise approach Step 2 Do DO implementing your OPS project 1 Select the vessel fleet shipping line with the greatest cost effectiveness

    Original URL path: http://www.ops.wpci.nl/implementation-1/stepwise-approach/step-2--do/ (2013-05-05)
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